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Les analyses de sûreté de fonctionnement standards sont basées sur la représentation des événements redoutés par des arbres de défaillances, qui les décrivent à l'aide de combinaison logiques d'événements plus basiques (formules Booléennes complexes). Les analyses quantitatives se font avec l'hypothèse que les probabilités d'occurrence de ces événements basiques sont connues. Le but de cette thèse est d'étudier l'impact de l'incertitude épistémique sur les événements élémentaires, ainsi que l...
Reliability studies and system's health predictions are mostly based on the use of probability laws to model the failure of components. Behavior of the components of the system under study is represented by probability distributions, derived from failure statistics. The parameters of these laws are assumed to be precise and well known, which is not always true in practice. Impact of such imprecision on the end result can be crucial, and requires adequate sensitivity analysis. One way to tackl...
In fault-tree analysis probabilities of failure of components are often assumed to be precise. However this assumption is seldom verified in practice. There is a large literature on the computation of the probability of the top (dreadful) event of the fault-tree, based on the representation of logical formulas in the form of a binary decision diagram (BDD). When probabilities of atomic propositions are ill-known and modelled by intervals, BDD-based algorithms no longer apply to the computatio...
In fault-tree analysis, probabilities of failure of components are often assumed to be precise and the events are assumed to be inde- pendent, but this is not always verified in practice. By giving up some of these assumptions, results can still be computed, even though it may require more expensive algorithms, or provide more imprecise results. Once compared to those obtained with the simplified model, the impact of these assumptions can be evaluated. This paper investigates the case when pr...
International audience; The inclusion-exclusion principle is a well-known property in probability theory, and is instrumental in some computational problems such as the evaluation of system reliability or the calculation of the probability of a Boolean formula in diagnosis. However, in the setting of uncertainty theories more general than probability theory, this principle no longer holds in general. It is therefore useful to know for which families of events it continues to hold. This paper ...
In many real-life applications (e.g., in aircraft maintenance), we need to estimate the probability of failure of a complex system (such as an aircraft as a whole or one of its subsystems). Complex systems are usually built with redundancy allowing them to withstand the failure of a small number of components. In this paper, we assume that we know the structure of the system, and, as a result, for each possible set of failed components, we can tell whether this set will lead to a system failu...