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The Collins effect describes the modulation of the hadron production by a transversely polarized quark with the sine of the polar angle, $\varphi$, between the produced hadron's transverse momentum and the quark spin. We employ a quark-jet model to describe multiple hadron emissions by such a quark, taking the Collins effect into account. The resulting hadron distributions exhibit modulation up to fourth order in $\sin(\varphi)$ when only two hadron emissions are allowed, rising with any furt...
The NJL-jet model provides a framework for calculating fragmentation functions without the introduction of ad hoc parameters. We develop the NJL-jet model to investigate dihadron fragmentation functions (DFFs) of the form $D^{h_1 h_2}_q(z_1,z_2)$. Here we studied DFFs for $q \to \{\pi^+ \pi^-\}$, $\{\pi^+ K^-\}$, and $\{K^+ K^-\}$,with $q = u, d, s$. The driving terms, which represent the probability of one of the hadrons being emitted in the first emission step of the quark-jet hadronization...
We compute the s−s¯ asymmetry in the proton in chiral effective theory, using phenomenological constraints based upon existing data. Unlike previous meson cloud model calculations, which accounted for kaon loop contributions with on-shell intermediate states alone, this work includes off-shell terms and contact interactions, which impact the shape of the s−s¯ difference. We identify a valence-like component of s(x) which is balanced by a δ -function contribution to s¯(x) at x=0 , so that the ...
Isospin-dependent nuclear forces play a fundamental role in nuclear structure. In relativistic models of nuclear structure constructed at the quark level these isovector nuclear forces affect the u and d quarks differently, leading to non-trivial flavour dependent modifications of the nuclear parton distributions. We explore the effect of isospin dependent forces for parity-violating deep inelastic scattering on nuclear targets and demonstrate that the cross-sections for nuclei with N /= Z ar...
We study the sensitivity of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to top quark chromomagnetic (CMDM) and chromoelectric (CEDM) dipole moments and $Wtb$ effective couplings in single-top production in association with a $W^-$ boson, followed by semileptonic decay of the top. The $Wt$ single-top production mode helps to isolate the anomalous $ttg$ and $Wtb$ couplings, in contrast to top-pair production and other single-top production modes, where other new-physics effects can also contribute. We calc...
We study the production of $\Xi^-$-hypernuclei, $^{12}_{\Xi^{-}}$Be and $^{28}_{\Xi^{-}}$Mg, via the ($K^-,K^+$) reaction within a covariant effective Lagrangian model, employing the bound $\Xi^-$ and proton spinors calculated by the latest quark-meson coupling model. The present treatment yields the $0^\circ$ differential cross sections for the formation of simple s-state $\Xi^-$ particle-hole states peak at a beam momentum around 1.0 GeV/c with a value in excess of 1 $\mu$b.
In the light of the recent discovery of a neutron star with a mass accurately determined to be almost two solar masses, it has been suggested that hyperons cannot play a role in the equation of state of dense matter in $\beta$-equilibrium. We re-examine this issue in the most recent development of the quark-meson coupling model. Within a relativistic Hartree-Fock approach and including the full tensor structure at the vector-meson-baryon vertices, we find that not only must hyperons appear in...
We exploit a method introduced recently to determine parton distribution amplitudes (PDAs) from minimal information in order to obtain light-quark pseudoscalar and vector meson PDAs from the limited number of moments produced by numerical simulations of lattice-regularised QCD. Within errors, the PDAs of pseudoscalar and vector mesons constituted from the same valence quarks are identical; they are concave functions, whose dilation expresses the strength of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking;...
The chiral dynamics of the doubly heavy baryons is solely governed by the light quark. In this work, We have derived the chiral corrections to the mass of the doubly heavy baryons up to N$^3$LO. The mass splitting of $\Xi_{cc}$ and $\Omega_{cc}$ at the N$^2$LO depends on one unknown low energy constant $c_7$. With the experimental mass of $\Xi_{cc}(3520)$ as the input, we estimate the mass of $\Omega_{cc}$ to be around 3.678 GeV. Moreover, we have also performed a systematical analysis of the...
We explore the equation of state for nuclear matter in the quark-meson coupling model, including full Fock terms. The comparison with phenomenological constraints can be used to restrict the few additional parameters appearing in the Fock terms which are not present at Hartree level. Because the model is based upon the in-medium modification of the quark structure of the bound hadrons, it can be applied without additional parameters to include hyperons and to calculate the equation of state o...
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