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We generalize the CHY formalism to one-loop level, based on the framework of the null string theory. The null string, a tensionless string theory, produces the same results as the ones from the chiral ambitwistor string theory, with the latter believed to give a string interpretation of the CHY formalism. A key feature of our formalism is the interpretation of the modular parameters. We find that the $S$ modular transformation invariance of the ordinary string theory does not survive in the c...
We present an overview of characteristic identities for Lie algebras and superalgebras. We outline methods that employ these characteristic identities to deduce matrix elements of finite dimensional representations. To demonstrate the theory, we look at the examples of the general linear Lie algebras and Lie superalgebras.
We utilise characteristic identities to construct eigenvalue formulae for invariants and reduced matrix elements corresponding to irreducible representations of osp(m|n). In presenting these results, we further develop our programme of constructive representation theory via characteristic identities.
We explore the entropic uncertainty relation in the curved background outside a Schwarzschild black hole, and find that Hawking radiation introduces a nontrivial modification on the uncertainty bound for particular observer, therefore it could be witnessed by proper uncertainty game experimentally. We first investigate an uncertainty game between a free falling observer and his static partner holding a quantum memory initially entangled with the quantum system to be measured. Due to the infor...
We establish the relationship among Nichols algebras, Nichols braided Lie algebras and Nichols Lie algebras. We prove two results: (i) Nichols algebra $\mathfrak B(V)$ is finite-dimensional if and only if Nichols braided Lie algebra $\mathfrak L(V)$ is finite-dimensional if there does not exist any $m$-infinity element in $\mathfrak B(V)$; (ii) Nichols Lie algebra $\mathfrak L^-(V)$ is infinite dimensional if $ D^-$ is infinite. We give the sufficient conditions for Nichols braided Lie algebr...
We present a new tractable quantum Rabi model for $N$-level atoms by extending the $\mathbb Z_2$ symmetry of the two-state Rabi model. The Hamiltonian is $\mathbb Z_N$ symmetric and allows the parameters in the level separation terms to be complex while remaining hermitian. This latter property means that the new model is {\em chiral}, which makes it differ from any existing $N$-state Rabi models in the literature. The $\mathbb Z_N$ symmetry provides partial diagonalization of the general Ham...
We discuss a generalised version of Sklyanin's Boundary Quantum Inverse Scattering Method applied to the spin-1/2, trigonometric sl(2) case, for which both the twisted-periodic and boundary constructions are obtained as limiting cases. We then investigate the quasi-classical limit of this approach leading to a set of mutually commuting conserved operators which we refer to as the trigonometric, spin-1/2 Richardsonâ€“Gaudin system. We prove that the rational limit of the set of conserved operato...
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