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We prove that the homeomorphism problem for 2--manifolds can be decided in logspace. The proof relies on Reingold's logspace solution to the undirected $s,t$-connectivity problem in graphs.
We introduce a generalized Anshel-Anshel-Goldfeld (AAG) key establishment protocol (KEP) for magmas. This leads to the foundation of non-associative public-key cryptography (PKC), generalizing the concept of non-commutative PKC. We show that left selfdistributive systems appear in a natural special case of a generalized AAG-KEP for magmas, and we propose, among others instances, concrete realizations using $f$-conjugacy in groups and shifted conjugacy in braid groups. We discuss the advantage...
We use technology from sutured manifold theory and the theory of Heegaard splittings to relate genus reducing crossing changes on knots in S^3 to twists on surfaces arising in circular Heegaard splittings for knot complements. In a separate paper, currently in preparation, we prove that these circular Heegaard splittings may be searched for algorithmically, and together our results imply that an algorithm to detect when two hyperbolic or fibered knots of different genus are related by a cross...
M. Picantin introduced the notion of Garside groups of spindle type, generalizing the 3-strand braid group. We show that, for linear Garside groups of spindle type, a normal form and a solution to the conjugacy problem are logspace computable. For linear Garside groups of spindle type with homogenous presentation we compute a geodesic normal form in logspace.
In three-dimensional computational topology, the theory of normal surfaces is a tool of great theoretical and practical significance. Although this theory typically leads to exponential time algorithms, very little is known about how these algorithms perform in "typical" scenarios, or how far the best known theoretical bounds are from the real worst-case scenarios. Here we study the combinatorial and algebraic complexity of normal surfaces from both the theoretical and experimental viewpoints...
A typical census of 3-manifolds contains all manifolds (under various constraints) that can be triangulated with at most n tetrahedra. Al- though censuses are useful resources for mathematicians, constructing them is difficult: the best algorithms to date have not gone beyond n = 12. The underlying algorithms essentially (i) enumerate all relevant 4-regular multigraphs on n nodes, and then (ii) for each multigraph G they enumerate possible 3-manifold triangulations with G as their dual 1-skel...
In graph theory, Courcelle's theorem essentially states that, if an algorithmic problem can be formulated in monadic second-order logic, then it can be solved in linear time for graphs of bounded treewidth. We prove such a metatheorem for a general class of triangulations of arbitrary fixed dimension d, including all triangulated d-manifolds: if an algorithmic problem can be expressed in monadic second-order logic, then it can be solved in linear time for triangulations whose dual graphs have...
The crosscap number of a knot is an invariant describing the non-orientable surface of smallest genus that the knot bounds. Unlike knot genus (its orientable counterpart), crosscap numbers are difficult to compute and no general algorithm is known. We present three methods for computing crosscap number that offer varying trade-offs between precision and speed: (i) an algorithm based on Hilbert basis enumeration and (ii) an algorithm based on exact integer programming, both of which either com...
Computational knot theory and 3-manifold topology have seen significant breakthroughs in recent years, despite the fact that many key algorithms have complexity bounds that are exponential or greater. In this setting, experimentation is essential for understanding the limits of practicality, as well as for gauging the relative merits of competing algorithms. In this paper we focus on normal surface theory, a key tool that appears throughout low-dimensional topology. Stepping beyond the well-s...
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