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In this paper we survey the theory of random walks on buildings and associated groups of Lie type and Kac-Moody groups. We begin with an introduction to the theory of Coxeter systems and buildings, taking a largely combinatorial perspective. We then survey the theory of random walks on buildings, and show how this theory leads to limit theorems for random walks on the associated groups.
We show that every automorphism of a thick twin building interchanging the halves of the building maps some residue to an opposite one. Furthermore we show that no automorphism of a locally finite 2-spherical twin building of rank at least 3 maps every residue of one fixed type to an opposite. The main ingredient of the proof is a lemma that states that every duality of a thick finite projective plane admits an absolute point, i.e., a point mapped onto an incident line. Our results also hold ...
In this paper we define generalised spheres in buildings using the simplicial structure and Weyl distance in the building, and we derive an explicit formula for the cardinality of these spheres. We prove a generalised notion of distance regularity in buildings, and develop a combinatorial formula for the cardinalities of intersections of generalised spheres. Motivated by the classical study of algebras associated to distance regular graphs we investigate the algebras and modules of Hecke oper...
Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter system with $I\subseteq S$ such that the parabolic subgroup $W_I$ is finite. Associated to this data there is a \textit{Hecke algebra} $\scH$ and a \textit{parabolic Hecke algebra} $\scH^I=\mathbf{1}_I\scH\mathbf{1}_I$ (over a ring $\ZZ[q_s]_{s\in S}$). We give a complete classification of the commutative parabolic Hecke algebras across all Coxeter types.
We investigate the combinatorial interplay between automorphisms and opposition in (primarily finite) generalised polygons. We provide restrictions on the fixed element structures of automorphisms of a generalised polygon mapping no chamber to an opposite chamber. Furthermore, we give a complete classification of automorphisms of finite generalised polygons which map at least one point and at least one line to an opposite, but map no chamber to an opposite chamber. Finally, we show that no au...
This paper has two main purposes. Firstly we generalise Ram's explicit construction of calibrated representations of the affine Hecke algebra to the multi-parameter case (including the non-reduced $BC_n$ case). We then derive the Plancherel formulae for all rank~1 and rank~2 affine Hecke algebras including a construction of all representations involved (following work of Opdam).
We define and characterise regular sequences in affine buildings, thereby giving the "$p$-adic analogue" of the fundamental work of Kaimanovich. As applications we prove limit theorems for random walks on affine buildings and their automorphism groups.
In this paper we prove a rate of escape theorem and a central limit theorem for isotropic random walks on Fuchsian buildings, giving formulae for the speed and asymptotic variance. In particular, these results apply to random walks induced by bi-invariant measures on Fuchsian Kac-Moody groups, however they also apply to the case where the building is not associated to any reasonable group structure. Our primary strategy is to construct a renewal structure of the random walk. For this purpose ...
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