Computing the~\Frd\ between two polygonal curves takes roughly quadratic time. In this paper, we show that for a special class of curves the Fr\'echet distance computations become easier. Let $P$ and $Q$ be two polygonal curves in $\Reals^d$ with $n$ and $m$ vertices, respectively. We prove four results for the case when all edges of both curves are long compared to the Fr\'echet distance between them: (1) a linear-time algorithm for deciding the Fr\'echet distance between two curves, (2) an ...
Team-based invasion sports such as football, basketball and hockey are similar in the sense that the players are able to move freely around the playing area; and that player and team performance cannot be fully analysed without considering the movements and interactions of all players as a group. State of the art object tracking systems now produce spatio-temporal traces of player trajectories with high definition and high frequency, and this, in turn, has facilitated a variety of research ef...
Let $C$ be the unit circle in $\mathbb{R}^2$. We can view $C$ as a plane graph whose vertices are all the points on $C$, and the distance between any two points on $C$ is the length of the smaller arc between them. We consider a graph augmentation problem on $C$, where we want to place $k\geq 1$ \emph{shortcuts} on $C$ such that the diameter of the resulting graph is minimized. We analyze for each $k$ with $1\leq k\leq 7$ what the optimal set of shortcuts is. Interestingly, the minimum diamet...
We consider the problem of augmenting an n-vertex graph embedded in a metric space, by inserting one additional edge in order to minimize the diameter of the resulting graph. We present exact algorithms for the cases when (i) the input graph is a path, running in O(n \log^3 n) time, and (ii) the input graph is a tree, running in O(n^2 \log n) time. We also present an algorithm that computes a (1+\eps)-approximation in O(n + 1/\eps^3) time, for paths in R^d, where d is a constant.
Locality-sensitive hashing (LSH) is a fundamental technique for similarity search and similarity estimation in high-dimensional spaces. The basic idea is that similar objects should produce hash collisions with probability significantly larger than objects with low similarity. We consider LSH for objects that can be represented as point sets in either one or two dimensions. To make the point sets finite size we consider the subset of points on a grid. Directly applying LSH (e.g. min-wise hash...
Given two graphs $H_1$ and $H_2$, a graph $G$ is $(H_1,H_2)$-free if it contains no subgraph isomorphic to $H_1$ or $H_2$. Let $P_t$ and $C_s$ be the path on $t$ vertices and the cycle on $s$ vertices, respectively. In this paper we show that for any $(P_6,C_4)$-free graph $G$ it holds that $\chi(G)\le \frac{3}{2}\omega(G)$, where $\chi(G)$ and $\omega(G)$ are the chromatic number and clique number of $G$, respectively. %Our bound is attained by $C_5$ and the Petersen graph. Our bound is atta...
We consider the two-sided stable matching setting in which there may be uncertainty about the agents' preferences due to limited information or communication. We consider three models of uncertainty: (1) lottery model --- in which for each agent, there is a probability distribution over linear preferences, (2) compact indifference model --- for each agent, a weak preference order is specified and each linear order compatible with the weak order is equally likely and (3) joint probability mode...
Given a line segment $I=[0,L]$, the so-called barrier, and a set of $n$ sensors with varying ranges positioned on the line containing $I$, the barrier coverage problem is to move the sensors so that they cover $I$, while minimising the total movement. In the case when all the sensors have the same radius the problem can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ time (Andrews and Wang, Algorithmica 2017). If the sensors have different radii the problem is known to be NP-hard to approximate within a constant ...
We consider the family of $\Phi$-Subset problems, where the input consists of an instance $I$ of size $N$ over a universe $U_I$ of size $n$ and the task is to check whether the universe contains a subset with property $\Phi$ (e.g., $\Phi$ could be the property of being a feedback vertex set for the input graph of size at most $k$). Our main tool is a simple randomized algorithm which solves $\Phi$-Subset in time $(1+b-\frac{1}{c})^n N^{O(1)}$, provided that there is an algorithm for the $\Phi...
The complexity of {\sc Colouring} is fully understood for $H$-free graphs, but there are still major complexity gaps if two induced subgraphs $H_1$ and $H_2$ are forbidden. Let $H_1$ be the $s$-vertex cycle $C_s$ and $H_2$ be the $t$-vertex path $P_t$. We show that {\sc Colouring} is polynomial-time solvable for $s=4$ and $t\leq 6$, strengthening several known results. Our main approach is to initiate a study into the boundedness of the clique-width of atoms (graphs with no clique cutset) of ...