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Establishing the completeness of a Bethe Ansatz solution for an exactly solved model is a perennial challenge, which is typically approached on a case by case basis. For the rational, spin-1/2 Richardson--Gaudin system it will be argued that, for generic values of the system's coupling parameters, the Bethe states are complete. This method does not depend on knowledge of the distribution of Bethe roots, such as a string hypothesis, and is generalisable to a wider class of systems.
Solutions of the classical Yang-Baxter equation provide a systematic method to construct integrable quantum systems in an algebraic manner. A Lie algebra can be associated with any solution of the classical Yang--Baxter equation, from which commuting transfer matrices may be constructed. This procedure is reviewed, specifically for solutions without skew-symmetry. A particular solution with an exotic symmetry is identified, which is not obtained as a limiting expansion of the usual Yang--Baxt...
We study the ground-state properties of an atomic-molecular boson conversion model through an exact Bethe Ansatz solution. For a certain range of parameter choices, we prove that the ground-state Bethe roots lie on the positive real-axis. We then use a continuum limit approach to obtain a singular integral equation characterising the distribution of these Bethe roots. Solving this equation leads to an analytic expression for the ground-state energy. The form of the expression is consistent wi...
In this work we present a general construction of integrable models for boson tunneling in multi-well systems. We show how the models may be derived through the Quantum Inverse Scattering Method and solved by algebraic Bethe ansatz means. From the transfer matrix we find only two conserved operators. However, we construct additional conserved operators through a different method. As a consequence the models admit multiple pseudovacua, each associated to a set of Bethe ansatz equations. We sho...
We study a model of bosons confined to three coupled wells. The model describes interactions between bosons, tunneling of bosons between adjacent wells, and the effect of an external field. We consider both integrable and non-integrable regimes within the model. These regimes are first analyzed by means of the energy level spacing distribution. We then conduct a study of the quantum dynamics of the system to probe the conditions under which switching behavior can occur. Through variation of a...
We introduce an integrable, four-well ring model for bosons where the tunneling couplings between nearest-neighbour wells are not restricted to be equal. We show how the model may be derived through the Quantum Inverse Scattering Method from a solution of the Yang--Baxter equation, and in turn solved by algebraic Bethe Ansatz means. The model admits multiple pseudovaccum states. Numerical evidence is provided to indicate that all pseudovacua are required to obtain a complete set of Bethe eige...
An exactly solved bosonic tunneling model is studied along a line of the coupling parameter space, which includes a quantum phase boundary line. The entire energy spectrum is computed analytically, and found to exhibit multiple energy level crossings in a region of the coupling parameter space. Several key properties of the model are discussed, which exhibit a clear dependence on whether the particle number is even or odd.
We consider a generalisation of the p+ip pairing Hamiltonian with external interaction terms. These terms allow for the exchange of particles between the system and its environment. As a result the u(1) symmetry associated with conservation of particle number, present in the p+ip Hamiltonian, is broken. Nonetheless the generalised model is integrable. We establish integrability using the Boundary Quantum Inverse Scattering Method, with one of the reflection matrices chosen to be non-diagonal....
The extended Bose-Hubbard model for a double-well potential with atom-pair tunneling is studied. Starting with a classical analysis we determine the existence of three different quantum phases: self-trapping, phase-locking and Josephson states. From this analysis we built the parameter space of quantum phase transitions between degenerate and non-degenerate ground states driven by the atom-pair tunneling. Considering only the repulsive case, we confirm the phase transition by the measure of t...
We introduce a search algorithm that utilises differential operator realisations to find polynomial Casimir operators of Lie algebras. To demonstrate the algorithm, we look at two classes of examples: (1) the model filiform Lie algebras and (2) the Schr\"odinger Lie algebras. We find that an abstract form of dimensional analysis assists us in our algorithm, and greatly reduces the complexity of the problem.
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