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Cooper and Long generalised Epstein and Penner's Euclidean cell decomposition of cusped hyperbolic manifolds of finite volume to non-compact strictly convex projective manifolds of finite volume. We show that Weeks' algorithm to compute this decomposition for a hyperbolic surface generalises to strictly convex projective surfaces.
These notes grew out of our learning and applying the methods of Fock and Goncharov concerning moduli spaces of real projective structures on surfaces with ideal triangulations. We give a self-contained treatment of Fock and Goncharov's description of the moduli space of framed marked properly convex projective structures with minimal or maximal ends, and deduce results of Marquis and Goldman as consequences. We also discuss the Poisson structure on moduli space and its relationship to Goldma...
We show that associating the Euclidean cell decomposition due to Cooper and Long to each point of the moduli space of framed strictly convex real projective structures of finite volume on the once-punctured torus gives this moduli space a natural cell decomposition. The proof makes use of coordinates due to Fock and Goncharov, the action of the mapping class group as well as algorithmic real algebraic geometry. We also show that the decorated moduli space of framed strictly convex real projec...
We use Fox calculus to assign a marked polytope to a `nice' group presentation with two generators and one relator. Relating the marked vertices to Novikov-Sikorav homology we show that they determine the Bieri-Neumann-Strebel invariant of the group. Furthermore we show that in many cases the marked polytope is an invariant of the underlying group and that in those cases the marked polytope also determines the minimal complexity of all the associated HNN-splittings.
In 1976 Thurston associated to a $3$-manifold $N$ a marked polytope in $H_1(N;\mathbb{R}),$ which measures the minimal complexity of surfaces representing homology classes and determines all fibered classes in $H^1(N;\mathbb{R})$. Recently the first and the last author associated to a presentation $\pi$ with two generators and one relator a marked polytope in $H_1(\pi;\mathbb{R})$ and showed that it determines the Bieri-Neumann-Strebel invariant of $\pi$. In this paper, we show that if the fu...
In this article the $p$-essential dimension of generic symbols over fields of characteristic $p$ is studied. In particular, the $p$-essential dimension of the length $\ell$ generic $p$-symbol of degree $n+1$ is bounded below by $n+\ell$ when the base field is algebraically closed of characteristic $p$. The proof uses new techniques for working with residues in Milne-Kato $p$-cohomology and builds on work of Babic and Chernousov in the Witt group in characteristic 2. Two corollaries on $p$-sym...
The fundamental groups of compact 3-manifolds are known to be residually finite. Feng Luo conjectured that a stronger statement is true, by only allowing finite groups of the form $PGL(2,R),$ where $R$ is some finite commutative ring with identity. We give an equivalent formulation of Luo's conjecture via faithful representations and provide various examples and a counterexample.
In a series of papers the authors associated to an $L^2$-acyclic group $\Gamma$ an invariant $\mathcal{P}(\Gamma)$ that is a formal difference of polytopes in the vector space $H_1(\Gamma;\Bbb{R})$. This invariant is in particular defined for most 3-manifold groups, for most 2-generator 1-relator groups and for all free-by-cyclic groups. In most of the above cases the invariant can be viewed as an actual polytope. In this survey paper we will recall the definition of the polytope invariant $\...
We generalise work of Young-Eun Choi to the setting of ideal triangulations with vertex links of arbitrary genus, showing that the set of all (possibly incomplete) hyperbolic cone-manifold structures realised by positively oriented hyperbolic ideal tetrahedra on a given topological ideal triangulation and with prescribed cone angles at all edges is (if non-empty) a smooth complex manifold of dimension the sum of the genera of the vertex links. Moreover, we show that the complex lengths of a c...
For a smooth, closed $n$-manifold $M$, we define an upper semi-continuous integer-valued complexity function on $H^1(M;{\mathbb R})$ using Morse theory. This measures how far an integral class is from being a fiber of a fibration. The fact complexity minimisers are open generalises Tischler's result on the openness of classes dual to fibrations. We then use this to define a complexity function on 1-dimensional cohomology of a finitely presented group, which is constant on open rays from the o...
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