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We obtain several asymptotic estimates for the sums of the restricted divisor function $$ \tau_{M,N}(k) = #\{1 \le m \le M, \ 1\le n \le N: mn = k\} $$ over short arithmetic progressions, which improve some results of J. Truelsen. Such estimates are motivated by the links with the pair correlation problem for fractional parts of the quadratic function $\alpha k^2$, $k=1,2,...$ with a real $\alpha$.
We introduce and study algebraic dynamical systems generated by triangular systems of rational functions. We obtain several results about the degree growth and linear independence of iterates as well as about possible lengths of trajectories generated by such dynamical systems over finite fields. Some of these results are generalisations of those known in the polynomial case, some are new even in this case.
In this paper, we show that for almost all primes p there is an integer solution x in [2,p-1] to the congruence x^x == x mod p. The solutions can be interpretated as fixed points of the map x -> x^x mod p, and we study numerically and discuss some unexpected properties of the dynamical system associated with this map.
We give an upper bound for the number elliptic Carmichael numbers $n \le x$ that have recently been introduced by J. H. Silverman. We also discuss several possible ways for further improvements.
We estimate the deviation of the number of solutions of the congruence $$ m^2-n^2 \equiv c \pmod q, \qquad 1 \le m \le M, \ 1\le n \le N, $$ from its expected value on average over $c=1, ..., q$. This estimate is motivated by the recently established by D. R. Heath-Brown connection between the distibution of solution to this congruence and the pair correlation problem for the fractional parts of the quadratic function $\alpha k^2$, $k=1,2,...$ with a real $\alpha$.
Let $G_1,..., G_n \in \Fp[X_1,...,X_m]$ be $n$ polynomials in $m$ variables over the finite field $\Fp$ of $p$ elements. A result of {\'E}. Fouvry and N. M. Katz shows that under some natural condition, for any fixed $\varepsilon$ and sufficiently large prime $p$ the vectors of fractional parts $$ (\{\frac{G_1(\vec{x})}{p}},...,\{\frac{G_n(\vec{x})}{p}}), \qquad \vec{x} \in \Gamma, $$ are uniformly distributed in the unit cube $[0,1]^n$ for any cube $\Gamma \in [0, p-1]^m$ with the side lengt...
We improve an estimate of A.Granville (1987) on the number of vanishing Fermat quotients $q_p(\ell)$ modulo a prime $p$ when $\ell$ runs through primes $\ell \le N$. We use this bound to obtain an unconditional improvement of the conditional (under the Generalised Riemann Hypothesis) estimate of Y. Ihara (2006) on a certain sum, related to vanishing Fermat quotients. In turn this sum appears in the study of the index of certain subfields of of cyclotomic fields $\Q(\exp(2 \pi i/p^2))$.
Given an elliptic curve $E$ over a finite field $\F_q$ of $q$ elements, we say that an odd prime $\ell \nmid q$ is an Elkies prime for $E$ if $t_E^2 - 4q$ is a quadratic residue modulo $\ell$, where $t_E = q+1 - #E(\F_q)$ and $#E(\F_q)$ is the number of $\F_q$-rational points on $E$. These primes are used in the presently most efficient algorithm to compute $#E(\F_q)$. In particular, the bound $L_q(E)$ such that the product of all Elkies primes for $E$ up to $L_q(E)$ exceeds $4q^{1/2}$ is a c...
We estimate the number of possible types degree patterns of $k$-lacunary polynomials of degree $t < p$ which split completely modulo $p$. The result is based on a combination of a bound on the number of zeros of lacunary polynomials with some graph theory arguments.
We introduce several new methods to obtain upper bounds on the number of solutions of the congruences $f(x) \equiv y \pmod p$ and $f(x) \equiv y^2 \pmod p,$ with a prime $p$ and a polynomial $f$, where $(x,y)$ belongs to an arbitrary square with side length $M$. We use these results and methods to derive non-trivial upper bounds for the number of hyperelliptic curves $Y^2=X^{2g+1} + a_{2g-1}X^{2g-1} +...+ a_1X+a_0$ over the finite field $\F_p$ of $p$ elements, with coefficients in a $2g$-dime...
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