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We give an upper bound for the number elliptic Carmichael numbers $n \le x$ that have recently been introduced by J. H. Silverman. We also discuss several possible ways for further improvements.
We obtain several asymptotic estimates for the sums of the restricted divisor function $$ \tau_{M,N}(k) = #\{1 \le m \le M, \ 1\le n \le N: mn = k\} $$ over short arithmetic progressions, which improve some results of J. Truelsen. Such estimates are motivated by the links with the pair correlation problem for fractional parts of the quadratic function $\alpha k^2$, $k=1,2,...$ with a real $\alpha$.
We estimate the deviation of the number of solutions of the congruence $$ m^2-n^2 \equiv c \pmod q, \qquad 1 \le m \le M, \ 1\le n \le N, $$ from its expected value on average over $c=1, ..., q$. This estimate is motivated by the recently established by D. R. Heath-Brown connection between the distibution of solution to this congruence and the pair correlation problem for the fractional parts of the quadratic function $\alpha k^2$, $k=1,2,...$ with a real $\alpha$.
Given an elliptic curve $E$ over a finite field $\F_q$ of $q$ elements, we say that an odd prime $\ell \nmid q$ is an Elkies prime for $E$ if $t_E^2 - 4q$ is a quadratic residue modulo $\ell$, where $t_E = q+1 - #E(\F_q)$ and $#E(\F_q)$ is the number of $\F_q$-rational points on $E$. These primes are used in the presently most efficient algorithm to compute $#E(\F_q)$. In particular, the bound $L_q(E)$ such that the product of all Elkies primes for $E$ up to $L_q(E)$ exceeds $4q^{1/2}$ is a c...
In this paper, we show that for almost all primes p there is an integer solution x in [2,p-1] to the congruence x^x == x mod p. The solutions can be interpretated as fixed points of the map x -> x^x mod p, and we study numerically and discuss some unexpected properties of the dynamical system associated with this map.
Given integers $a$ and $m\ge 2$, let $\Hm$ be the following set of integral points $$ \Hm= \{(x,y) \ : \ xy \equiv a \pmod m,\ 1\le x,y \le m-1\} $$ We improve several previously known upper bounds on $v_a(m)$, the number of vertices of the convex closure of $\Hm$, and show that uniformly over all $a$ with $\gcd(a,m)=1$ we have $v_a(m) \le m^{1/2 + o(1)}$ and furthermore, we have $v_a(m) \le m^{5/12 + o(1)}$ for $m$ which are almost squarefree.
We estimate the number of possible types degree patterns of $k$-lacunary polynomials of degree $t < p$ which split completely modulo $p$. The result is based on a combination of a bound on the number of zeros of lacunary polynomials with some graph theory arguments.
We introduce several new methods to obtain upper bounds on the number of solutions of the congruences $f(x) \equiv y \pmod p$ and $f(x) \equiv y^2 \pmod p,$ with a prime $p$ and a polynomial $f$, where $(x,y)$ belongs to an arbitrary square with side length $M$. We use these results and methods to derive non-trivial upper bounds for the number of hyperelliptic curves $Y^2=X^{2g+1} + a_{2g-1}X^{2g-1} +...+ a_1X+a_0$ over the finite field $\F_p$ of $p$ elements, with coefficients in a $2g$-dime...
We obtain a series of estimates on the number of small integers and small order Farey fractions which belong to a given coset of a subgroup of order $t$ of the group of units of the residue ring modulo a prime $p$, in the case when $t$ is small compared to $p$. We give two applications of these results: to the simultaneous distribution of two high degree monomials $x^{k_1}$ and $x^{k_2}$ modulo $p$ and to a question of J.Holden and P.Moree on fixed points of the discrete logarithm.
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