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We give an upper bound for the number elliptic Carmichael numbers $n \le x$ that have recently been introduced by J. H. Silverman. We also discuss several possible ways for further improvements.
Given an elliptic curve $E$ over a finite field $\F_q$ of $q$ elements, we say that an odd prime $\ell \nmid q$ is an Elkies prime for $E$ if $t_E^2 - 4q$ is a quadratic residue modulo $\ell$, where $t_E = q+1 - #E(\F_q)$ and $#E(\F_q)$ is the number of $\F_q$-rational points on $E$. These primes are used in the presently most efficient algorithm to compute $#E(\F_q)$. In particular, the bound $L_q(E)$ such that the product of all Elkies primes for $E$ up to $L_q(E)$ exceeds $4q^{1/2}$ is a c...
We introduce and study algebraic dynamical systems generated by triangular systems of rational functions. We obtain several results about the degree growth and linear independence of iterates as well as about possible lengths of trajectories generated by such dynamical systems over finite fields. Some of these results are generalisations of those known in the polynomial case, some are new even in this case.
We obtain several asymptotic estimates for the sums of the restricted divisor function $$ \tau_{M,N}(k) = #\{1 \le m \le M, \ 1\le n \le N: mn = k\} $$ over short arithmetic progressions, which improve some results of J. Truelsen. Such estimates are motivated by the links with the pair correlation problem for fractional parts of the quadratic function $\alpha k^2$, $k=1,2,...$ with a real $\alpha$.
Given integers $a$ and $m\ge 2$, let $\Hm$ be the following set of integral points $$ \Hm= \{(x,y) \ : \ xy \equiv a \pmod m,\ 1\le x,y \le m-1\} $$ We improve several previously known upper bounds on $v_a(m)$, the number of vertices of the convex closure of $\Hm$, and show that uniformly over all $a$ with $\gcd(a,m)=1$ we have $v_a(m) \le m^{1/2 + o(1)}$ and furthermore, we have $v_a(m) \le m^{5/12 + o(1)}$ for $m$ which are almost squarefree.
Let $G_1,..., G_n \in \Fp[X_1,...,X_m]$ be $n$ polynomials in $m$ variables over the finite field $\Fp$ of $p$ elements. A result of {\'E}. Fouvry and N. M. Katz shows that under some natural condition, for any fixed $\varepsilon$ and sufficiently large prime $p$ the vectors of fractional parts $$ (\{\frac{G_1(\vec{x})}{p}},...,\{\frac{G_n(\vec{x})}{p}}), \qquad \vec{x} \in \Gamma, $$ are uniformly distributed in the unit cube $[0,1]^n$ for any cube $\Gamma \in [0, p-1]^m$ with the side lengt...
We obtain a series of estimates on the number of small integers and small order Farey fractions which belong to a given coset of a subgroup of order $t$ of the group of units of the residue ring modulo a prime $p$, in the case when $t$ is small compared to $p$. We give two applications of these results: to the simultaneous distribution of two high degree monomials $x^{k_1}$ and $x^{k_2}$ modulo $p$ and to a question of J.Holden and P.Moree on fixed points of the discrete logarithm.
We estimate the deviation of the number of solutions of the congruence $$ m^2-n^2 \equiv c \pmod q, \qquad 1 \le m \le M, \ 1\le n \le N, $$ from its expected value on average over $c=1, ..., q$. This estimate is motivated by the recently established by D. R. Heath-Brown connection between the distibution of solution to this congruence and the pair correlation problem for the fractional parts of the quadratic function $\alpha k^2$, $k=1,2,...$ with a real $\alpha$.
We improve an estimate of A.Granville (1987) on the number of vanishing Fermat quotients $q_p(\ell)$ modulo a prime $p$ when $\ell$ runs through primes $\ell \le N$. We use this bound to obtain an unconditional improvement of the conditional (under the Generalised Riemann Hypothesis) estimate of Y. Ihara (2006) on a certain sum, related to vanishing Fermat quotients. In turn this sum appears in the study of the index of certain subfields of of cyclotomic fields $\Q(\exp(2 \pi i/p^2))$.
International audience; We show that, for any fixed $\varepsilon > 0$ and almost all primes $p$, the $g$-ary expansion of any fraction $m/p$ with $\gcd(m,p) = 1$ contains almost all $g$-ary strings of length $k < (5/24 - \varepsilon) \log_g p$. This complements a result of J. Bourgain, S. V. Konyagin, and I. E. Shparlinski that asserts that, for almost all primes, all $g$-ary strings of length $k < (41/504 -\varepsilon) \log_g p$ occur in the $g$-ary expansion of $m/p$.
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