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In this paper, we show how to relate $n$-dimensional cubes on which ABS equations hold to the symmetry groups of discrete Painlev\'e equations. We here focus on the reduction from the 4-dimensional cube to the $q$-discrete third Painlev\'e equation, which is a dynamical system on a rational surface of type $A_5^{(1)}$ with the extended affine Weyl group $\widetilde{\mathcal W}\bigl((A_2+A_1)^{(1)}\bigr)$. We provide general theorems to show that this reduction also extends to other discrete P...
We introduce the concept of $\omega$-lattice, constructed from $\tau$ functions of Painlev\'e systems, on which quad-equations of ABS type appear. In particular, we consider the $A_5^{(1)}$- and $A_6^{(1)}$-surface $q$-Painlev\'e systems corresponding affine Weyl group symmetries are of $(A_2+A_1)^{(1)}$- and $(A_1+A_1)^{(1)}$-types, respectively.
We consider $q$-Painlev\'e equations arising from birational representations of the extended affine Weyl groups of $A_4^{(1)}$- and $(A_1+A_1)^{(1)}$-types. We study their hypergeometric solutions on the level of $\tau$ functions.
The classical Painlev\'e equations are so well known that it may come as a surprise to learn that the asymptotic description of its solutions remains incomplete. The problem lies mainly with the description of families of solutions in the complex domain. Where asymptotic descriptions are known, they are stated in the literature as valid for large connected domains, which include movable poles of families of solutions. However, asymptotic analysis necessarily assumes that the solutions are bou...
In this paper, we present new, unstable solutions, which we call quicksilver solutions, of a $q$-difference Painlev\'e equation in the limit as the independent variable approaches infinity. The specific equation we consider in this paper is a discrete version of the first Painlev\'e equation ($q\Pon$), whose phase space (space of initial values) is a rational surface of type $A_7^{(1)}$. We describe four families of almost stationary behaviours, but focus on the most complicated case, which i...
We present a method of constructing discrete integrable systems with crystallographic reflection group (Weyl) symmetries, thus clarifying the relationship between different discrete integrable systems in terms of their symmetry groups. Discrete integrable systems are associated with space-filling polytopes arise from the geometric representation of the Weyl groups in the $n$-dimensional real Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$. The "multi-dimensional consistency" property of the discrete integrabl...
For transcendental functions that solve non-linear $q$-difference equations, the best descriptions available are the ones obtained by expansion near critical points at the origin and infinity. We describe such solutions of a $q$-discrete Painlev\'e equation, with 7 parameters whose initial value space is a rational surface of type $A_1^{(1)}$. The resultant expansions are shown to approach series expansions of the classical sixth Painlev\'e equation in the continuum limit.
In this paper, we construct two lattices from the $\tau$ functions of $A_4^{(1)}$-surface $q$-Painlev\'e equations, on which quad-equations of ABS type appear. Moreover, using the reduced hypercube structure, we obtain the Lax pairs of the $A_4^{(1)}$-surface $q$-Painlev\'e equations.
In this paper, we investigate a nonlinear non-autonomous elliptic difference equation, which was constructed by Ramani, Carstea and Grammaticos by integrable deautonomization of a periodic reduction of the discrete Krichever-Novikov equation, or Q4. We show how to construct it as a birational mapping on a rational surface blown up at eight points in $\mathbb P^1\times \mathbb P^1$, and find its affine Weyl symmetry, placing it in the geometric framework of the Painlev\'e equations. The initia...
We study the distribution of singularities (poles and zeros) of rational solutions of the Painlev\'e IV equation by means of the isomonodromic deformation method. Singularities are expressed in terms of the roots of generalised Hermite $H_{m,n}$ and generalised Okamoto $Q_{m,n}$ polynomials. We show that roots of generalised Hermite and Okamoto polynomials are described by an inverse monodromy problem for an anharmonic oscillator of degree two. As a consequence they turn out to be classified ...
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