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ECLIPSE

Title
Evaluating the Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Short-Lived Pollutants
Funding
EC | FP7 | SP1 | ENV
Call
FP7-ENV-2011
Contract (GA) number
282688
Start Date
2011/11/01
End Date
2015/02/28
Open Access mandate
yes
Special Clause 39
yes
Organizations
NORSK INSTITUTT FOR LUFTFORSKNING, UPMC, TU, FORTH, MetNorway, MET OFFICE, UREAD, PKU, CICERO, ULEI, IIASA
More information
Detailed project information (CORDIS)

 

  • Evaluating the climate and air quality impacts of short-lived pollutants

    Stohl , A.; Aamaas , B.; Amann , M.; Baker , L. H.; Bellouin , N.; Berntsen , T. K.; Boucher , Olivier; Cherian , R.; Collins , W.; Daskalakis , Nikolaos; Dusinska , M.; Eckhardt , S.; Fuglestvedt , J. S.; Harju , M.; Heyes , C.;... (2015)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    This paper presents a summary of the work done within the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme project ECLIPSE (Evaluating the Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Short-Lived Pollutants). ECLIPSE had a unique systematic concept for designing a realistic and effective mitigation scenario for short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs: methane, aerosols and ozone, and their precursor species) and quantifying its climate and air quality impacts, and this paper ...

    Variation in emission metrics due to variation in CO<sub>2</sub> and temperature impulse response functions

    D. J. L. Olivié; G. P. Peters (2013)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    Emission metrics are used to compare the climate effect of the emission of different species, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). The most common metrics use linear impulse response functions (IRFs) derived from a single more complex model. There is currently little understanding on how IRFs vary across models, and how the model variation propagates into the metric values. In this study, we first derive CO2 and temperature IRFs for a large number of comple...

    Climate responses to anthropogenic emissions of short-lived climate pollutants

    L. H. Baker; W. J. Collins; D. J. L. Olivié; R. Cherian; Ø. Hodnebrog; G. Myhre; J. Quaas (2015)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    Policies to control air quality focus on mitigating emissions of aerosols and their precursors, and other short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs). On a local scale, these policies will have beneficial impacts on health and crop yields, by reducing particulate matter (PM) and surface ozone concentrations; however, the climate impacts of reducing emissions of SLCPs are less straightforward to predict. In this paper we consider a set of idealized, extreme mitigation strategies, ...

    Siberian Arctic black carbon sources constrained by model and observation

    Winiger, Patrik; Andersson, August; Eckhardt, Sabine; Stohl, Andreas; Semiletov, Igor P.; Dudarev, Oleg V.; Charkin, Alexander; Shakhova, Natalia; Klimont, Zbigniew; Heyes, Chris; Gustafsson, Örjan (2017)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)

    Siberian Arctic black carbon sources constrained by model and observation

    Winiger, Patrik; Andersson, August; Eckhardt, Sabine; Stohl, Andreas; Semiletov, Igor P.; Dudarev, Oleg V.; Charkin, Alexander; Shakhova, Natalia; Klimont, Zbigniew; Heyes, Chris; Gustafsson, Örjan (2017)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)

    NOx emissions in China: historical trends and future perspectives

    Zhao, B.; Wang, S. X.; Liu, H.; Xu, J. Y.; Fu, K.; Klimont, Z.; Hao, J. M.; He, K. B.; Cofala, J.; Amann, M. (2013)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are key pollutants for the improvement of ambient air quality. Within this study we estimated the historical NOx emissions in China for the period 1995–2010, and calculated future NOx emissions every five years until 2030 under six emission scenarios. Driven by the fast growth of energy consumption, we estimate the NOx emissions in China increased rapidly from 11.0 Mt in 1995 to 26.1 Mt in 2010. Power plants, industry and transportation were major sourc...

    Evaluation of black carbon emission inventories using a Lagrangian dispersion model - A case study over southern India

    Gadhavi, Harish; Kavutharapu, Renuka; Ravi Kiran, Varaha; Jayaraman, Achuthan; Stohl, Andreas; Klimont, Zbigniew; Beig, Gufran (2015)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    We evaluated three emission inventories of black carbon (BC) using Lagrangian particle dispersion model simulations and BC observations from a rural site in Southern India (Gadanki; 13.48° N, 79.18° E) from 2008 to 2012. We found that 93 to 95% of the BC load at the observation site originated from emissions in India and the rest from the neighbouring countries and shipping. A substantial fraction (33 to 43%) of the BC was transported from Northern India. We...

    Atmospheric removal times of the aerosol-bound radionuclides Cs-137 and I-131 measured after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident - a constraint for air quality and climate models

    Kristiansen, Nina Iren; Stohl, Andreas; Wotawa, G (2012)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    Caesium-137 (137Cs) and iodine-131 (131I) are radionuclides of particular concern during nuclear accidents, because they are emitted in large amounts and are of significant health impact. 137Cs and 131I attach to the ambient accumulation-mode (AM) aerosols and share their fate as the aerosols are removed from the atmosphere by scavenging within clouds, precipitation and dry deposition. Here, we estimate their removal times from the atmosphere using a unique high-precision global measurement d...

    The influence of cruise ship emissions on air pollution in Svalbard - a harbinger of a more polluted Arctic?

    Eckhardt, Sabine; Hermansen, Ove; Grythe, Henrik; Fiebig, Markus; Stebel, Kerstin; Cassiani, Massimo; Bäcklund, Are; Stohl, Andreas (2013)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    In this study we have analyzed whether tourist cruise ships have an influence on measured sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), Aitken mode particle and equivalent black carbon (EBC) concentrations at Ny Ålesund and Zeppelin Mountain on Svalbard in the Norwegian Arctic during summer. We separated the measurement data set into periods when ships were present and periods when ships were not present in the Kongsfjord area, according to a long-term record of the number of passengers visiting Ny Ålesu...

    Simple emission metrics for climate impacts

    B. Aamaas; G. P. Peters; J. S. Fuglestvedt (2013)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    In the context of climate change, emissions of different species (e.g., carbon dioxide and methane) are not directly comparable since they have different radiative efficiencies and lifetimes. Since comparisons via detailed climate models are computationally expensive and complex, emission metrics were developed to allow a simple and straightforward comparison of the estimated climate impacts of emissions of different species. Emission metrics are not unique and variety of di...
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