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Evaluating the Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Short-Lived Pollutants
EC | FP7 | SP1 | ENV
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  • The influence of cruise ship emissions on air pollution in Svalbard – a harbinger of a more polluted Arctic?

    A. Baecklund; K. Stebel; M. Cassiani; M. Fiebig; H. Grythe; O. Hermansen; S. Eckhardt; A. Stohl (2013)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    In this study we have analyzed whether tourist cruise ships have an influence on measured sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), Aitken mode particle and equivalent black carbon (EBC) concentrations at Ny Ålesund and Zeppelin Mountain on Svalbard in the Norwegian Arctic during summer. We separated the measurement data set into periods when ships were present and periods when ships were not present in the Kongsfjord area, according to a long-term record of the number of passengers...

    Contrasting fast precipitation responses to tropospheric and stratospheric ozone forcing

    MacIntosh, C. R.; Allan, R. P.; Baker, L. H.; Bellouin, N.; Collins, W; Mousavi, Z.; Shine, K. P. (2016)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    The precipitation response to radiative forcing (RF) can be decomposed into a fast precipitation response (FPR), which depends on the atmospheric component of RF, and a slow response, which depends on surface temperature change. We present the first detailed climate model study of the FPR due to tropospheric and stratospheric ozone changes. The FPR depends strongly on the altitude of ozone change. Increases below about 3 km cause a positive FPR; increases above cause a negative FPR. The FPR d...

    Multi-model evaluation of short-lived pollutant distributions over east Asia during summer 2008

    Quennehen, Boris; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Law, Kathy S.; Daskalakis, Nikolaos; Ancellet, Gérard; Clerbaux, Cathy; Kim, S.-W.; Lund, M. T.; Myhre, G.; Olivié, D. J. L.; Safieddine, Sarah; Skeie, R. B.; Thomas, Jennie L.; Tsyro, S. G.; Bazureau, Ariane;... (2016)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    The ability of seven state-of-the-art chemistry–aerosol models to reproduce distributions of tropospheric ozone and its precursors, as well as aerosols over eastern Asia in summer 2008, is evaluated. The study focuses on the performance of models used to assess impacts of pollutants on climate and air quality as part of the EU ECLIPSE project. Models, run using the same ECLIPSE emissions, are compared over different spatial scales to in situ surface, vertical profiles and sa...

    Radiative forcing and climate metrics for ozone precursor emissions: the impact of multi-model averaging

    MacIntosh, Claire R; Shine, Keith P; Collins, W J (2015)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    Multi-model ensembles are frequently used to assess understanding of the response of ozone and methane lifetime to changes in emissions of ozone precursors such as NOx, VOCs (volatile organic compounds) and CO. When these ozone changes are used to calculate radiative forcing (RF) (and climate metrics such as the global warming potential (GWP) and global temperature-change potential (GTP)) there is a methodological choice, determined partly by the available c...

    Black carbon in the Arctic: the underestimated role of gas flaring and residential combustion emissions

    Stohl, Andreas; Klimont, Z.; Eckhardt, Sabine; Kupiainen, K.; Shevchenko, Vladimir P.; Kopeikin, V.M.; Novigatsky, A.N. (2013)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    Arctic haze is a seasonal phenomenon with high concentrations of accumulation-mode aerosols occurring in the Arctic in winter and early spring. Chemistry transport models and climate chemistry models struggle to reproduce this phenomenon, and this has recently prompted changes in aerosol removal schemes to remedy the modeling problems. In this paper, we show that shortcomings in current emission data sets are at least as important. We perform a 3 yr model simulation of black...

    Regional temperature change potentials for short-lived climate forcers based on radiative forcing from multiple models

    B. Aamaas; T. K. Berntsen; T. K. Berntsen; J. S. Fuglestvedt; K. P. Shine; W. J. Collins (2017)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    We calculate the absolute regional temperature change potential (ARTP) of various short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) based on detailed radiative forcing (RF) calculations from four different models. The temperature response has been estimated for four latitude bands (90–28° S, 28° S–28° N, 28–60° N, and 60–90° N). The regional pattern in climate response not only depends on the relationship between RF and surface temperature, but also on where and when emissions occurred...

    Evaluating the climate and air quality impacts of short-lived pollutants

    Stohl, Andreas; Aamaas, Borgar; Amann, M; Baker, LH; Bellouin, N; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Boucher, O; Cherian, R; Collins, W; Daskalakis, N; Dusinska, Maria; Eckhardt, Sabine; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Harju, Mikael; Heyes, C;... (2015)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    This paper presents a summary of the work done within the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme project ECLIPSE (Evaluating the Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Short-Lived Pollutants). ECLIPSE had a unique systematic concept for designing a realistic and effective mitigation scenario for short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs: methane, aerosols and ozone, and their precursor species) and quantifying its climate and air quality impacts, and this paper ...

    Multi-model simulations of aerosol and ozone radiative forcing for the period 1990-2015

    Myhre, Gunnar; Aas, Wenche; Cherian, Ribu; Collins, William; Faluvegi, Greg; Flanner, Mark; Forster, Piers; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Klimont, Zbigniew; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Olivié, Dirk; Prather, Michael; Quaas, Johannes; Samset, Bjørn H.;... (2017)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    Over the past decades, the geographical distribution of emissions of substances that alter the atmospheric energy balance has changed due to economic growth and pollution regulations. Here, we show the resulting changes to aerosol and ozone abundances and their radiative forcing, using recently updated emission data for the period 1990–2015, as simulated by seven global atmospheric composition models. The models broadly reproduce the large-scale changes in surface aerosol and ozone based on o...

    Metrics for linking emissions of gases and aerosols to global precipitation changes

    Shine, K. P.; Allan, R.P.; Collins, William J.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (2015)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    Recent advances in understanding have made it possible to relate global precipitation changes directly to emissions of particular gases and aerosols that influence climate. Using these advances, new indices are developed here called the Global Precipitation-change Potential for pulse (GPPP) and sustained (GPPS) emissions, which measure the precipitation change per unit mass of emissions. The GPP can be used as a metric to compare the effects of different emissions. Th...

    Global anthropogenic emissions of particulate matter including black carbon

    Klimont, Z.; Kupiainen, K.; Heyes, C.; Purohit, P.; Cofala, J.; Rafaj, P.; Borken-Kleefeld, J.; Schöpp, W. (2017)
    Projects: EC | ECLIPSE (282688)
    This paper presents the first comprehensive assessment of historical (1990–2010) global anthropogenic particulate matter (PM) emissions including consistent and harmonized calculation of mass-based size distribution (PM1, PM2.5, PM10) as well as primary carbonaceous aerosols including black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC). The estimates were developed with the integrated assessment model GAINS, where source- and region-specific technology characteristics are explicitly included. This asse...
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