- Methods in Research on Research
- EC | H2020 | MSCA-ITN-EJD
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- Data Pilot
- ULIV, UGent, AMC, UPD, UNIST, UPC, Centre national de la recherche scientifique
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Cobo Valeri, Erik; González Alastrué, José Antonio (2016)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)To estimate treatment effects, trials are initiated by randomising patients to the interventions under study and finish by comparing patient evolution. In order to improve the trial report, the CONSORT statement provides authors and peer reviewers with a guide of the essential items that would allow research replication. Additionally, WebCONSORT aims to facilitate author reporting by providing the items from the different CONSORT extensions that are relevant to the trial being reported. WebCO...Norman, Christopher; Leeflang, Mariska; Zweigenbaum, Pierre; Névéol, Aurélie (2017)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)Current approaches to document discovery for systematic reviews in biomedicine rely on exhaustive manual screening. We evaluate the performance of classifier based article discovery using different definitions of inclusion criteria. We test a logistic regressor on two datasets created from existing systematic reviews on clinical NLP and drug efficacy, using different criteria to generate positive and negative examples. The classification and ranking achieves an average AUC of 0.769 when relyi...Cohen , Kevin; Xia , Jingbo; Zweigenbaum , Pierre; Callahan , Tiffany; Hargraves , O.; Goss , Foster; Ide , Nancy; Névéol , Aurélie; Grouin , Cyril; Hunter , Larry E (2018)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)International audience; Despite considerable recent attention to problems with reproducibility of scientific research, there is a striking lack of agreement about even the definition of the term. That is a problem, because the lack of a consensus definition makes it difficult to compare studies of reproducibility, and thus to have even a broad overview of the state of the issue in natural language processing. This paper proposes an ontology of reproducibility in that field. We show that three...
Dissemination of 2014 dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) trial results: a systematic review of scholarly and media attention over 7 monthsSharp, Melissa K; Haneef, Romana; Ravaud, Philippe; Boutron, Isabelle (2017)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)Objective To explore how the results from the 2014 dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) trial were disseminated to the scientific community and online media. Design A a systematic review of scholarly and public attention surrounding the DAPT study. Settings Data were collected from the ISI Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar, PubMed Commons, EurekAlert, the DAPT study website (www.daptstudy.org) and the New England Journal of Medicine website (for scholarly attention) and Altmetric Explorer, Snap Bi...
Are CONSORT checklists submitted by authors adequately reflecting what information is actually reported in published papers?Blanco de Tena Davila, David; Biganne, Alice M.; Cobo Valeri, Erik (2018)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)Background Compulsory submission of a checklist from the relevant reporting guideline is one of the most widespread journal requirements aiming to improve completeness of reporting. However, the current suboptimal levels of adherence to reporting guidelines observed in the literature may indicate that this journal policy is not having a significant effect. Findings We explored whether authors provided the appropriate CONSORT checklist extension for their study and whether there were inconsist...Melissa Sharp; Ana Utrobičić; Guadalupe Gómez; Erik Cobo; Elizabeth Wager; Darko Hren (2017)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)Abstract Introduction The STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement was developed in response to inadequate reporting of observational studies. In recent years, several extensions to STROBE have been created to provide more nuanced field-specific guidance for authors. The content and the prevalence of extension endorsement have not yet been assessed. Accordingly, there are two aims: (1) to classify changes made in the extensions to i...
National citation patterns of NEJM, The Lancet, JAMA and The BMJ in the lay press: a quantitative content analysisCasino, Gonzalo, 1961-; Rius, Roser; Cobo Valeri, Erik (2017)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)Objectives: To analyse the total number of newspaper articles citing the four leading general medical journals and to describe national citation patterns.Design: Quantitative content analysis.Setting/sample: Full text of 22 general newspapers in 14 countries over the period 2008–2015, collected from LexisNexis. The 14 countries have been categorised into four regions: the USA, the UK, Western World (European countries other than the UK, and Australia, New Zealand and Canada) and Rest of the W...
A scoping review protocol on the roles and tasks of peer reviewers in the manuscript review process in biomedical journalsGlonti, Ketevan; Cauchi, Daniel; Cobo, Erik; Boutron, Isabelle; Moher, David; Hren, Darko (2017)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)Introduction The primary functions of peer reviewers are poorly defined. Thus far no body of literature has systematically identified the roles and tasks of peer reviewers of biomedical journals. A clear establishment of these can lead to improvements in the peer review process. The purpose of this scoping review is to determine what is known on the roles and tasks of peer reviewers. Methods We will use the methodological framework first proposed by Arksey and O’Malley and subsequently ada...Cohen , Kevin; Névéol , Aurélie; Xia , Jingbo; Hailu , Negacy; Hunter , Lawrence; Zweigenbaum , Pierre (2017)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)International audience; To assess the state of reproducibility in biomedical Natural Language Processing, we analyze the proceedings of the 2016 BioNLP workshop to check for code and data availability. We find that only 21% of papers report experiments where both data and code are available, with moderate to substantial inter-annotator agreement. This suggests that reproducibility in biomedical NLP would benefit from increased attention and understanding.
Interventions to improve adherence to reporting guidelines in health research: a scoping review protocolBlanco de Tena Davila, David; Kirkham, Jamie; Altman, D.G.; Moher, David; Boutron, Isabelle; Cobo Valeri, Erik (2017)
Projects: EC | MIROR (676207)Introduction There is evidence that the use of some reporting guidelines, such as the Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials, is associated with improved completeness of reporting in health research. However, the current levels of adherence to reporting guidelines are suboptimal. Over the last few years, several actions aiming to improve compliance with reporting guidelines have been taken and proposed. We will conduct a scoping review of interventions to improve adherence to reporting g...
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