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Nowakowska-Kempna, Iwona (2016)
Publisher: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce
Journal: Elementary Education in Theory and Practice
Languages: Polish
Types: Article
Subjects: integrated education; mathematics; biology; fuzzy sets; comparison of values; relational symbols, nauczanie zintegrowane; matematyka; przyroda; zbiory rozmyte; porównywanie wartości; znaki relacyjne
Fuzzy sets are most often associated with very complicated, contemporary calculations in mathematics and are the basis of functioning of the most modern devices, such as space probes or unmanned airplanes and submarines. Thus, may we expect the elements of these sets in pre-school or early school education? However, the precise analysis of both educational cycles entitles us to the statement that the elements of fuzzy sets help with the interpretation of not only various areas of mathematics, but also with one of physics, biology and linguistics, and in the integrated education they support the natural science-social education connected with the circles of nearness (house, the nearest landscape, my town, family area), the Polish language education together with art and culture education and mathematical education. In the integrated education the teacher and students use both the measurable undefined values, which we know from everyday Polish language, for example, wysoki / niski, duży / mały, gruby / chudy, szybki / wolny, ciężki / lekki, ładny / brzydki, as well as, mathematical operations with symbols >; < ‘higher than’, ‘lower than’ e.g. x>y, yy, y; <‘higher than’, ‘lower than’ facilitate the children’s abstract thinking and influence, in a creative way, the development of the categories of comparison, abstraction and generalization.
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