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Publisher: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce
Journal: Elementary Education in Theory and Practice
Languages: Polish
Types: Article
Subjects: Education, children with internalizing problems; self-structure; therapy through art; the CMT (Creativity Mobilization Technique) method; auto-expression; self-knowledge, pedagogika, dziecko z problemami internalizacyjnymi; struktura Ja; terapia przez twórczość plastyczną; metoda CMT (Creativity Mobilization Technique); autoekspresja; samopoznanie
Sometimes reality forces the child to lock up their inner life, to suppress natural urges such as self-expression because of the destructive powers that can manifest themselves when indifference, aggression, apathy and an escape from reality accumulate. In the article I try to show the manner in which art therapy can help children with problems of an internalizing nature. However, we should be aware that the effectiveness of art therapy consists of both the therapists knowledge about the essence of the child’s problems, and the considered process of art therapy utilizing the theoretical base associated with the selected psychotherapy orientation (the needs, expectations, capabilities but also the limitations of the customer – child should be critical here), the materials used in creation as well as organizational factors (space, time, silence, freedom of movement, freedom of choosing techniques and materials), allowing the child to act with a sense of safety, cause and autonomy. As with all interventions, the therapist should be able to build a close, empathic, attuned and respectful relationship with the child which is based on authenticity. It should never be a relationship that leads to the emotional dependence of the child on the therapist. Through art therapy that uses the interpretation perspective, magic of creativity and emerging creations, a child with internalizing problems can, with the help not only of a therapist but also members of the therapeutic group, re-read and “tame” the world, teach himself and others, seek, discover and gradually build a proper self-structure.
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