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Publisher: Алтайский государственный университет
Journal: Теория и практика археологических исследований
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: Северо-Восточный и Восточный Казахстан, ранний бронзовый век, елунин- ская культура, хронология, радиоуглеродное датирование, пресноводный резервуарный эффект, археология
Работа направлена на обобщение имеющихся радиоуглеродных дат и определение хронологической протяженности раннего бронзового века и его основных культурных образований в Северо-Восточном и Восточном Казахстане. Основой для исследования послужили радиоуглеродные даты,полученные по погребальным и поселенческим комплексам «ямного», елунинского и иных культурных типов региона. В результате проведенного исследования установлена протяженность периода в пределах XXIX–XVIII вв. до н.э. Нижнюю границу эпохи очерчивают энеолитические, а верхнюю – андроновские памятники. Очевидно, что при создании радиоуглеродной хронологической шкалы непринятие во внимание пресноводного резервуарного эффекта, эффекта старого дерева, а также недостаточная тщательность при отборе образцов ведут к ее существенному искажению.В работе также была предпринята попытка соотнесения хронологии раннебронзовых памятников региона с культурными образованиями степной и лесостепной зон Евразии, а также с восточноевропейской периодизацией бронзового века. В результате установлена относительная синхронностьисторических процессов, происходивших в евразийских степях в эпоху бронзы. По-видимому, существующие разночтения между восточноевропейской и азиатской периодизациями связаны с недостаточной изученностью памятников азиатской степной и лесостепной зон.
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