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Tabarev, A.V. (2016)
Publisher: Алтайский государственный университет
Journal: Теория и практика археологических исследований
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: Южная Америка, Эквадор, формативный период, хронология, Реаль-Альто, ранняя керамика, археология
Статья посвящена проблеме практической адаптации локальных периодизационных схем к задачам сравнительных исследований в рамках крупных географических регионов (в нашем случае, в тихоокеанском бассейне). С такой проблемой столкнулись участники первого совместного российско-эквадорского археологического проекта в ходе стационарных раскопок памятника Реаль-Альто (прибрежная часть провинции Санта-Элена) в 2014–2015 гг. Реаль-Альто является опорным памятником культуры вальдивия (5500–3500 л.н.), которая по действующей периодизации относится специалистами к так называемому «формативному периоду». В статье приводятся детальный анализ анатомии термина «формативный период», история его введения в оборот по материалам древних культур Южной Америки, ключевые публикации по теме, содержательная часть, особенности использования применительно к древним культурам на территории Эквадора, а также возможность полной или частичной корреляции этого термина с действующей терминологией и периодизацией неолита Российского Дальнего Востока (Приморье, Приамурье) и Японскогоархипелага.
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