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Publisher: Алтайский государственный университет
Journal: Теория и практика археологических исследований
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: тюрки; Алтай; Центральная Азия; впускные захоронения; интерпретация; погребальный обряд; хронология; социальная история
Представлены результаты изучения впускных погребений тюрок раннего средневековья. Осуществлен анализ материалов раскопок памятников 2-й половины I тыс. н.э. на территории Алтая и в сопредельных регионах - Минусинской котловине, Туве, Монголии. Охарактеризованы традиции оформления внутримогильных конструкций, а также определены особенности обряда. Анализ имеющихся материалов не дал оснований для однозначной интерпретации впускных захоронений раннесредневековых тюрок. Вместе с тем выявлены определенные закономерности распространения таких комплексов, что позволило предложить два варианта объяснения существования рассматриваемой традиции у кочевников Центральной Азии во 2-й половине I тыс. н.э. Отмечено, что значительная часть таких объектов относятся к раннему и позднему этапам в развитии тюркской культуры. Кроме того, в ряде случаев впускные погребения сооружались для представителей общества кочевников, отличавшихся низким социальным статусом. Отмеченные тенденции предоставляют возможности для продолжения исследований в указанном направлении.
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    • Savinov D.G., Pavlov P.G., Paul's E.D. Rannesrednevekovye vpusknye pogrebeniya na yuge Khakassii [Early medieval Inlet Burials in the South of Khakassia]. Pamyatniki arkheologii v zonakh melioratsii Yuzhnoy Sibiri (po materialam raskopok 1980-1984 gg.) [Archaeological monuments in areas of Southern Siberia Reclamation (based on excavation of 1980-1984)]. Leningrad : Nauka, 1988. Pp. 83-103.
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    • Seregin N.N. “Odinochnye” pogrebeniya rannesrednevekovykh tyurok Altae-Sayanskogo regiona i Tsentral'noy Azii: etnokul'turnaya i sotsial'naya interpretatsiya [“Single” Burials of the early medieval Turks of the Altai-Sayan Region and Central Asia: e thno-Cultural and Social Interpretation]. Teoriya i praktika arkheologicheskikh issledovaniy [The Theory and Practice of archaeological Research]. 2013. №2 (8). Pp. 100-108.
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    • Khudyakov Yu.S., Tseveendorzh D. Srednevekovoe vpusknoe zakhoronenie iz mogil'nika TsogtKhirgist-Khooloy v Gobiyskom Altae [The medieval Inlet Burial Place from the Tsogt-Hirgist-Hoola in the Gobi Altai]. Drevnosti Altaya [Antiquities of Altai]. №4. Gorno-Altaysk : GAGU, 1999. Pp. 173-182.
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