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Publisher: Алтайский государственный университет
Journal: Теория и практика археологических исследований
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: археология, Монголия, тюрки, раннее Средневековье, погребальные сооружения, Алтае-Саянский регион, сравнительный анализ
Представлены результаты систематизации и анализа погребальных сооружений тюрок раннего Средневековья, исследованных на территории Монголии. Использовались все известные материалы раскопок, проведенных монгольскими и зарубежными археологами, начиная со второй четвертиXX столетия и вплоть до настоящего времени. Рассмотрены и охарактеризованы особенности наземных и внутримогильных конструкций, зафиксированных в ходе изучения некрополей 2-й половины I тыс. Отдельно представлены проблемы интерпретации впускных захоронений, а также погребений в подбое. Продемонстрированы сложности интерпретации немногочисленных скальных объектов, по ряду показателей соотносимых с культурой тюрок раннего Средневековья. Основным подходом, реализованным в статье, стал сравнительный анализ результатов раскопок погребальных комплексов на территории Монголии с более многочисленными материалами исследований в Алтае-Саянскомрегионе. Выявленный характер погребальных сооружений, а также не представляемые в настоящей публикации особенности ритуала и сопроводительного инвентаря дают основания рассматриватьзахоронения тюрок Монголии и Алтае-Саянского региона в рамках одной общности и связывать с «восточными» тюрками, известными по письменным источникам. Немногочисленность памятников Монголии, учитывая количество объектов, исследованных в Горном Алтае, Туве и Минусинской котловине, можно объяснить лишь отсутствием проведения целенаправленных раскопок погребений рассматриваемой общности и низкой степенью изученности обозначенной территории в целом.
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