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Ефремов (Efremov), Александр (Aleksandr) Алексеевич (Alekseevich); Зыкова (Zykova), Ирина (Irina) Дементьевна (Dement'evna); Горбачев (Gorbachev), Александр (Aleksandr) (2014)
Publisher: Altai State University
Journal: Khimiia rastitel'nogo syr'ia (Chemistry of plant raw material)
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: Melissa officinalis, эфирное масло, компонентный состав, Melissa officinalis, essential oil, component composition
The method of exhaustive water and steam distillation was used for isolation of essential oil above-ground part of Melissa officinalis L. in the vicinity of Krasnoyarsk. The chemical components of the essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. were analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS and 47 substances were identified. The main components of essential oil – citronellol (36,71%) and geraniol (27,20%). Moreover, in the oil contains 10 components containing more than 1% of all oil components: benzyl alcohol (1,67%), linalool (1,75%), citronellal (1,44%), neral (3,33%), geranial (4,39%), caryophyllene (3,73%), caryophyllene oxide (1,40%), dibutyl phthalate (1,36%), iso-butyl phthalic acid ester (2,45%) and phytol (2,55%). Chemical components of essential oil of Melissa officinalis L. showed significant differences in climatic and ecological conditions. 
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