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Publisher: Altai State University
Journal: Khimiia rastitel'nogo syr'ia (Chemistry of plant raw material)
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: medicinal plant collection, amino acids, amino acid analyzer, ninhydrin reaction, qualitative, quantitative composition, лекарственный растительный сбор, аминокислоты, аминокислотный анализатор, нингидриновая реакция, качественный, количественный состав
Information about the amino acids synthesized by plants, their functions in amino acid metabolism, pharmacological activity of some of them, especially in the formation of the factors of anti-infectious protection of the organism in diseases of the upper respiratory tract have been summarized.The development of accurate methods of qualitative and quantitative determination of amino acids in plant material and the necessity of rationing the total content of amino acids in the standardization of medicinal plant collections was updated.The qualitative and quantitative amino acid composition of medicinal plant collection «Lorpoliphyt» (species «Lorpoliphytum») for the treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract was studied by the method of ion exchange chromatography with subsequent detection of reaction products with ninhydrin at two wavelengths, using amino acid analyzer.Collection consists of leaves of plantain (Plantago major L.), chamomile flowers (Chamomilla recutita L.), marigold flowers (Calendula officinalis L.), equisetum herbs (Equisetum arvense L.), yarrow herbs (Achillea millefolium L.), hypericum herbs (Hypericum perforatum L.), rhizomes and roots elecampane (Inula helenium L.). It was determined in the medicinal plant collection «Lorpoliphyt» of 19 amino acids, 7 of them - essential, 2 – conditionally nonessential (cysteine, tyrosine), 2 – partially replaceable (arginine, histidine). The total content of amino acids in the medicinal plant collection «Lorpoliphyt» is 9,42%, which are dominated 13,49% glutamic acid, aspartic acid 12,07%, leucine 8,47%.
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