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Publisher: Altai State University
Journal: Khimiia rastitel'nogo syr'ia (Chemistry of plant raw material)
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: Cistanche salsa; phytochemical analysis; amino- and fatty acids content; macro- and microelements, Cistanche salsa; фитохимический анализ; амино- и жирнокислотный состав; макро- и микроэлементы
This paper shows the results of content of few biological active compounds such as  flavonoids, coumarines, alkaloids, and polisaccharides in stolones of Cistanche salsa which grows in saxaul forest of Peri-Balkhash and Panfilov administrative  areas on Almaty region and in the sands of Moyynkum on the territory ofZhambyl region.For the first time the content of fatty and amino acids also macro - and microelements were studied from stolones of Cistanche which have been collected from the Panfilov district. There is found 14 amino- and 8 fatty acids.  From the identified amino acids prevailing  arginine, proline and serine. The analysis of fatty acids presented predominantly by linoleic and palmitic acids (> 0,1%). Macro- and microelement composition revealed the presence of 10 elements such as K, Na, Mg, Ca, Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu and Ni. And the highest concentration observed for K, Na and Ca (0,8%), among the trace elements Zn accumulates more.A comparative analysis of water-alcohol extracts showed the qualitative composition of the phenolic compounds of studied samples is practically identical. By two-dimensional paper chromatography and uses of variety of solvent systems allowed to found 5 phenolic substances. The quantitative content of flavonoids defined within 2,8 – 4,8%.There was defined the high content of carbohydrates (up to 32%) and polysaccharides (>13%).

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