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Publisher: Алтайский государственный университет
Journal: Теория и практика археологических исследований
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: военное дело, наступательное и защитное вооружение, енисейские кыргызы, Минусинская котловина, позднее Средневековье, Новое время, археология
Анализируются сведения письменных исторических и фольклорных источников, археологические материалы из раскопок и предметы вооружения из музейных коллекций, относящиеся к военному делу енисейских кыргызов в период позднего Средневековья и Нового времени. Рассмотрены исторические свидетельства о военном деле и событиях военной истории енисейских кыргызов, собранные европейскими военными специалистами и учеными в XVII–XVIII вв. Прослежены основные события и результаты предшествующих исследований по данной теме российских археологов и историков оружия в XIX – начале XXI в. Обследованы различные виды наступательного оружия дистанционного и ближнего боя и средства индивидуальной металлической защиты енисейских кыргызских воинов в период противостояния кыргызских княжеств российским властям в долине Среднего Енисея. Реконструирован комплекс боевых средств профессиональных кыргызских воинов-дружинников. Проанализированы находки предметов вооружения, свидетельствующие об использовании кыргызскими воинами луков с костяными накладками и разнотипных железных стрел, предназначенных для поражения не защищенных металлическими доспехами противников и пробивания панцирной брони, метательных и ударных копий, сабель, кинжалов и пластинчатых панцирей и шлемов.
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