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Publisher: Altai State University
Journal: Khimiia rastitel'nogo syr'ia (Chemistry of plant raw material)
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: пряно-ароматические растения, эфирные масла, антиоксидантная активность, капиллярная газовая хроматография., QD1-999, Q, Chemistry, Science, spicy-aromatic herbs, essential oils, antioxidant activity, capillary gas chromatography.

In recent time the biological activity of essential oils from spicy-aromatic herbs, including the antioxidant one, have been evaluated in numerous studies. Earlier we have demonstrated high antioxidant activity of the oils contained monoterpenes, such as γ-terpinene and α-terpinolene, sesquiterpenes (zingeberene and β-caryofillene) and citral. However the concentration value of oils in the “aldehyde – essential oil” system was excessively high and the investigation of various concentrations was not carried out by us. The goal of this work was studying of the influence of oil concentration on antioxidant activity value for selected essential oils and correlation of the obtained data with a change of main antioxidants in the composition of the essential oils under study. The antioxidant properties of the essential oils from clove buds (Caryophyllus aromaticus L.), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) and berries of juniper (Juniperus pinchoti) on oil concentration has been studied by capillary gas-liquid chromatography using an aldehyde/carboxylic acid assay. Trans-2-hexenal was selected to serve as the test substance. The dependence of oil antioxidant activity on its concentration was found to be closely connected with a rate of content change of main antioxidants in the composition of the essential oils under study at prolonged exposure to light. It was noted that the presence of strong antioxidants in oil composition even in relatively low quantities can significantly affect the value of their AOA and its dependence on the concentration of oil in the solution. It was observed the strong dependence «antioxidant activity – oil concentration» for clove and lemongrass oils. Low concentrations of all investigated oils, except for oil from clove buds, didn’t have an inhibiting action on the oxidation of test-aldehyde.

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