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Publisher: Алтайский государственный университет
Journal: Теория и практика археологических исследований
Languages: Russian
Types: Article
Subjects: Родинский районный музей; экспонат; эпоха бронзы; металлическое изделие; рентгенофлюоресцентный анализ; тамгообразный знак; кельт-лопатка
В экспозиции Родинского районного музея (Алтайский край) находится крупный металлический предмет, который был случайно обнаружен около с. Кочки в центральной части степей Кулунды. Изделие имеет прямую открытую втулку и трапециевидную рабочую часть с лезвием. По фиксируемым морфологическим признакам оформления оно демонстрирует сходство с кельтами эпохи бронзы, обнаруженными в Обь-Иртышском междуречье, но отличается от них наличием длинного клинка и увеличенной шириной лезвия. Указанные отличительные признаки сближают рассматриваемый предмет с так называемыми кельтами-лопатками. Тамгообразный знак на полотне рабочей части может указывать на связь с предметным миром саргаринско-алексеевской или бегазы-дандыбаевской культур периода поздней бронзы. В статье, основной целью которой является введение в научный оборот редкой археологической находки, дается описание орудия труда, представлены результаты рентгенофлюоресцентного анализа металла, рассматриваются аналогии, позволяющие осуществить атрибуцию музейного экспоната. Полученные результаты дополняют имеющиеся сведения о материальной культуре населения эпохи бронзы на юге Западной Сибири.
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