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Publisher: Національний Авиаційний Університет
Languages: Ukrainian
Types: Unknown
Subjects: computer program, intellectual property, copyright, software, legal protection, комп’ютерна програма, інтелектуальна власність, авторське право, програмне забезпечення, правова охорона, УДК 347.78

Classified by OpenAIRE into

ACM Ref: ComputingMilieux_LEGALASPECTSOFCOMPUTING
The article investigates the legal nature of a computer programme, problems of legal protection of computer programmes as copyright object have been revealed, and the ways to solve the mentioned problems have been suggested. The authors analyze peculiarities of legal protection of computer programmes according to rules of copyright law and possibilities to protect separate elements of compute programmes by norms of patent law. Separately the authors investigate the question of formation and development of IT industry in Ukraine. Attention has been paid to problems that hinder the mentioned development and ways to remove them.English abstractToday especially relevant for Ukraine is the issue of legal protection of computer programs and software. Software that with the rapid technological developments are constantly improved according to the requirements of our time, is the subject of intellectual property, which are most affected by crime, which in turn caused a significant difference between the cost of intellectual resources to create computer programs and the cost of their illegal copying and distribution. The most problematic issue is the question of legal protection of software development and IT industry. Computer programs have a special place among copyright, because in the era of information technology, they are one of the main strategic resource state as a whole and its individual components. Today almost all countries of the world computer program protected by copyright. However, in many countries, computer programs are also recognized and objects of patent protection (refers to cases where a computer program is part of the process, technical devices etc. compatible with them can be considered the subject of patent protection). Ukrainian legislation is at present defines a computer program solely as objects of copyright. The copyright in a computer program does not apply to incorporated in its ideas, processes, methods of operation or mathematical concepts as such, on which the computer program (including communication, ie the part of the program that provides a dialogue with the user and its compatibility with items of equipment); the logic of it, algorithms and programming language. In other words, copyright-protected text (code) of the program, not the functions that it performs. To address this shortcoming copyright lately more and more frequently in Ukraine submitted an application for a patent for an invention (utility model) for the purpose of protection and protection algorithm (method) of computer programs to solve specific problems. The patent for invention helps protect the contents toward software patent protection extends to the essence embodied in the algorithm is the basic idea of ​​the program. In addition, the patent gives exclusive ownership of the idea (if it is reflected in the significant features of the claims) and prevents its unauthorized use. Accordingly, you should register some elements of computer programs. One way to overcome the negative phenomena in this area is the legalization procedure, which provides no replacement programs, and the acquisition of licenses - codes. The experience of some foreign countries in this area indicates the presence of a combination of copyright law and patent law protection of computer programs. Therefore, appropriate borrowing seen in Ukraine the experience of foreign countries use a complex mechanism of protection of certain elements of patent law, and there is an urgent need to improve current legislation to protect the contents of a computer program. The state represented by competent authorities should create conditions for the development of IT industry in Ukraine. The legislation required amendments to the Criminal Procedure Codeх that would prohibit the seizure of servers were efficient tool to protect programmers.  У статті досліджується правова природа комп’ютерної програми, розкрито проблеми правової охорони комп’ютерної програми як об’єкта авторського права та запропоновано шляхи вирішення проблем. Автори аналізують особливості правової охорони комп’ютерних програм нормами авторського права та можливості охорони окремих елементів комп’ютерних програм нормами патентного права. Окремо автори досліджують питання становлення і розвитку ІТ галузі в Україні.
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