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Publisher: Національний Авиаційний Університет
Languages: Ukrainian
Types: Unknown
Subjects: representative action, group action, derivative action, class action, collective action, civil procedure., представительский иск, групповой иск, производный иск, классовый иск, коллективный иск, гражданский процесс., представницький позов, груповий позов, похідний позов, класовий позов, колективний позов, цивільний процес.
The questions of correlation of group action and other types of representative actions are probed in the article. In science of civil procedure there are a few scientific doctrines to the decision of correlation of such concepts as a «group action», «derivative action», «action, on defence of rights and interests of indefinite persons». The author gives a conclusion, that all these actions are separate types of representative actions. Criterion for their differentiating is orientation of interest which is subject defence at application of certain type of these actions. English abstract A. Gubska Group action and other representative actiones: differentiating criteria The questions of correlation of group and other types of representative actions are probed in the article. In science of civil procedure there is a few scientific doctrines that lead to the decision of correlation of such concepts as a «group action», «derivative action», «action, on defence of rights and interests of indefinite persons». The author gives a conclusion, that all these actions are separate types of representative actions. Criterion for their differentiating is orientation of interest which is subject defense at application of certain type of these actions.  Group action is directed on defense of private interests, action in interests of indefinite persons, – on defence of public interest, derivative action, – privately public. Differences in the orientation of character of interest, which is subject defence, stipulate independence each of these types of action. A «class action» (term of the American law) and «group action» are identical concepts. Legal essence of collective action is not enough investigated. Term a «collective action» is used in the legislation of the European Union, but it does not contain a clear decision, that is why it needs subsequent scientific research. В статье исследуются вопросы соотношения группового иска и других видов представительских исков. Автор делает вывод, что групповой иск, производный иск, иск в интересах неопределенного круга являются самостоятельными видами представительских исков. Установлен критерий для их разграничений, в качестве которого выступает направленность подлежащего защите интереса при обращении с определенным видом иска. У статті досліджуються питання співвідношення групового позову та інших видів представницьких позовів. Зроблено висновок, що груповий позов, похідний позов, позов на захист невизначеного кола осіб є самостійними видами представницьких позовів. Встановлений критерій для їх розмежування, яким є спрямованість інтересу, що підлягає захисту при застосуванні певного виду цих позовів.
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