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Малярчук, Назар Вікторович; Національний авіаційний університет; Самко, Андрій В.; НПФ УО Академія МВС (2015)
Publisher: Національний Авиаційний Університет
Languages: Russian
Types: Unknown
Subjects: criminal procedure; the prosecution; a private prosecution; analysis; foreign countries, 343.123.66, уголовный процесс; обвинение; частное обвинение; анализ; иностранные государства, кримінальний процес; обвинувачення; приватне обвинувачення; аналіз; іноземні держави
The Constitution recognizes the supreme goal and value of society and the state of man, his rights, freedoms and guarantees of their implementation (Art. 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus). Said setting determines the tendency to expand and began private interests in criminal proceedings. Criminal proceedings of private accusation is the most striking example of those in the criminal procedural legal relationships. In this regard, it considered the legal institution deservedly attracts attention as practitioners and legal scholars. However, individual lawyers, including domestic, raising a question of urgency and the need to maintain within the public inherently criminal procedure institute private prosecution, which originated in ancient times. Is this legal phenomenon anachronistic and unnecessary process developed by modern system of criminal prosecution? The answer to this question is impossible without recourse to the experience of foreign countries Romano-Germanic legal family, because this type of production is not something specific, peculiar only to the domestic law. Subjecting analysis proceedings in criminal cases of private prosecution in a number of foreign countries, it is concluded that in one form or another, this institution is preserved in most countries, not only adjacent to each other and having a certain commonality of historical development and the location even different continents, look at the private prosecution as some throwback, a vestige of the criminal proceedings, left the law "in memory" seems wrong that confirms the international experience of the criminal procedure law to keep this Procedure Institute, which in turn highlights its value and relevance to the criminal proceedings. В статье исследуется регламентация производства по уголовным делам частного обвинения в ряде европейских государств (Швеции, Норвегии, Дании, Швейцарии, Нидерландов, Эстонии, Испании), странах Латинской Америки (на примере Аргентины) и Китайской Народной Республики. На основании проведенного анализа делается вывод о целесообразности его сохранения в отечественном уголовно-процессуальном законодательстве. У статті досліджується регламентація провадження у кримінальних справах приватного обвинувачення у низці європейських країн (Швеції, Норвегії, Данії, Швейцарії, Нідерландів, Естонії, Іспанії), країнах Латинської Америки (на прикладі Аргентини) і Китайської Народної Республіки. На підставі проведеного аналізу зроблено висновок про доцільність його збереження у вітчизняному кримінально-процесуальному законодавстві.
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