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Mech, Annesha (2015)
Publisher: Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
Journal: Journal Of Business Management & Social Sciences Research
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Social Sciences, Rural Non-Farm Employment, Employment elasticity,Compound annualgrowth rate, Sector-wise Domestic Product, Usual Principal and Subsidiary Status
The rural economy witnessed some remarkable changes after the reform period as the non-farm sector gained considerable importance as an alternative employment generating strategy. This study shall focus on various issues relating to the growth and composition of rural non-farm employment in Assam vis--vis India in the post liberalization period in order to capture the temporal changes observed by the economy during that period. It is based exclusively on NSS data on Employment and Unemployment. In order to analyse the composition, growth and employment elasticity of the non-farm sectors in rural areas of Assam, three recent base years has been selected : 1993-94, 2004-05 and 2011-12. The sector-wise composition revealed that majority of the rural workers are engaged in farm sector but its contribution to GSDP is less in comparison to its participation resulting in outmigration of labour from the farm sector. Among the non-farm sub-sectors, two sectors namely community, social and personal service sector and trade, hotels and restaurant sector accounts highest share of rural employment in Assam. At national level, construction and manufacturing sector occupies a majority share. The overall employment elasticity in both Assam and all-India average was negative in the latter period 2004-05 to 2011-12. In case of various non-farm sectors, employment elasticity recorded a positive growth except in case of mining and quarrying, electricity, water, gas etc which accounted a negative trend.

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