Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Zhang, Xiao Y.; Arimoto, R.; Zhu, G. H.; Chen, T.; Zhang, G. Y. (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
The mass-particle size distributions (MSDs) of 9 elements in ground-based aerosol samples from dust storm (DS) and non-dust storm (N-DS) periods were determined for 12 sites in 9 major desert regions in northern China. The masses of the 9 elements (Al, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Sc, Si, Sr and Ti) in the atmosphere were dominated by local mineral dust that averaged 270 μg m−3, and the MSDs for the elements were approximately log-normal. On the basis of Al data, the < 10 μm particles account for ∼84% of the total dust mass over the deserts. Model-calculated (“100-step” method) dry deposition velocities (Vd) for the 9 dust-derived elements during N-DS periods ranged from 4.4 to 6.8 cm s−1, with a median value of 5.6 cm s-1. On the basis of a statistical relationship between D99% (the dust particle diameter corresponding to the uppermost 1% of the cumulative mass distribution) and Vd, one can also predict dry velocities, especially when D99% ranges from 30 to 70 μm. This provides a simple way to reconstruct Vd for dust deposits (like aeolian loess sediments in the Loess Plateau). The estimated daily dry deposition fluxes were higher during DS vs. N-DS periods, but in most cases, the monthly averaged fluxes were mainly attributable to N-DS dust. Two regions with high dust loading and fluxes are identified: the “Western High-Dust Desert” and the “Northern High-Dust Desert”, with Taklimakan Desert and Badain Juran Desert as their respective centers. These are energetic regions in which desert-air is actively exchanged, and these apparently are the major source areas for Asian dust.DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0889.1998.t01-3-00001.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • An, Z. S. and Porter, S. C. 1997. Millennial-scale climatic oscillations during the last interglaciation in central China. Geology 25, 603-606.
    • An, Z. S., Kukla, G., Porter, S. C. and Xiao, Y. L. 1991a. Magnetic susceptibility evidence of monsoon variation on the Loess Plateau of central China during the last 130,000 years. Quaternary Research 36, 29-36.
    • An, Z. S., Kukla, G., Porter, S. C. and Xiao, J. L. 1991b. Late Quaternary dust flow on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Catena 18, 125-132.
    • An, Z. S., Liu, T. S., Lu, Y. C., Porter, S. C., Kukla, G., Wu, X. H. and Hua, Y. M. 1990. The long-term paleomonsoon variation recorded by the loess-paleosol sequence in central China. Quaternary International 718, 91-95.
    • Arimoto, R., Duce, R. A., Ray, B. J. and Unni, C. K. 1985. Atmospheric trace elements at Enewetak Atoll, 2, Transport to the ocean by wet and dry deposition. J. Geophys. Res. 90, 2391-2408.
    • Arimoto, R., Duce, R. A. and Ray, B. J. 1989. Concentrations, sources and air-sea exchange of trace elements in the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean. In: Chemical oceanography, vol. 10 (ed. J. P. Riley, R. Chester and R. A. Duce). Academic, San Diego, Calif., 107-149.
    • Arimoto, R., Gao, Y., Duce, R. A., Lee, D. S. and Chen, L. Q. 1990. International Conference on Global and regional environmental atmospheric chemistry, Preceedings. (ed. L. Newman, W. Wang and C. S. Kiang), US Dept. of Energy, 24-40.
    • Betzer, P. R., Carder, K. L, Duce, R. A., Merrill, J. T., Tindale, N. W., Uematsu, M., Costello, D. K., Young, R. W., Feely, R. A., Breland, J. A., Bernstein, R. E., and M Greco, A. 1988. Long-range transport of giant mineral aerosol particles, Nature 336, 568-571.
    • Blank, M., Leinen, M. and Prospero, J. M. 1985. Major Asian inputs indicated by the mineralogy of aerosols and sediments in the western North Pacific. Nature 314, 84-86.
    • Bruland, K. Orians, K. J. J. P. Cowen, 1994. Reactive trace metals in the stratified central North Pacific. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 58, 3171-3182.
    • Dulac, F., Buat-Me´nard, P., Ezat, U., Melki, S. and Bergametti, G. 1989. Atmospheric input of trace metals to the western Mediterranean: uncertainties in modelling dry deposition from cascade impactor data. T ellus 41B, 362-378.
    • Grassl, H. 1988. What are the radiative and climatic consequences of the changing concentration of atmospheric aerosol particles. In: T he changing atmosphere (ed. F. S. Rowland and I. S. A. Isaksen). J. Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England, 187-199.
    • GSS. 1984. Preparation of geochemical standard reference samples (GSR1-6, GSS1-8, GSD9-12). National Bureau of Chemical Exploration Analysis, Beijing.
    • Liu, T. S. et al. (unnamed) 1985. L oess and the environment. Ocean Press, Beijing, 157-161.
    • Martin, J. H. and Gordon, R. M. 1988. Northeast Pacific iron distributions in relation to phytoplankton productivity. Deep Sea Res. 35, 177-196.
    • Merrill, J. T., Uematsu, M., Bleck, R. 1989. Meteorological analysis of long range transport of mineral aerosol over the North Pacific. J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8584-8598.
    • Merrill, J. T., Arnold, E., Leinen, M., Weaver, C. 1994. Mineralogy of aeolian dust reaching the North Pacific Ocean: 2. Relationship of mineral assemblages to atmospheric transport patterns. J. Geophys. Res. 99, 21,025-21,032.
    • Orians, K. J. and Bruland, K. W. 1985. Dissolved aluminum in the central North Pacific. Nature 316, 427-429.
    • Patterson, C. C. and Gillette, D. A. 1977. Commonalities in measured size distributions for aerosols having a soil-derived component. J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2074-2082.
    • Porter, S. C., and An, Z. S. 1995. Correlation between climate events in the North Atlantic and China during the last glaciation. Nature 375, 305-308.
    • Prospero, J. M. 1981. Eolian transport to the world ocean. In: T he sea, ed. C. Emiliani, vol. 7, pp. 801-874. New York: Wiley.
    • Rea, D. K. 1994. The paleoclimatic record provided by eolian deposition in the deep sea - the geologic history of wind. Rev. Geophysics 32, 159-195.
    • Rea, D. K., Leinen, M. and Janecek, T. R. 1985. Geological approach to the long-term history of atmospheric circulation. Science 227, 721-725.
    • Slinn, S. A. and Slinn, W. G. N. 1981. Modelling of atmospheric particulate deposition to natural water. In: Atmospheric pollutants in natural waters, (ed. S. J. Eisenreich). Ann Arbor Science, Michigan, 23-53.
    • Taylor, S. R. 1964. Abundance of chemical elements in the continental crust: a new table. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 28, 1273-1285.
    • Uematsu, M., Duce, R. A. Prospero, J. M., Chen, L., Merrill, J. T. and McDonald, R. L. 1985. Transport of mineral aerosol from Asia over the North Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys Res. 88, 5343-5352.
    • Zhang, D. E. 1984. Synoptic-climatic studies of dust fall in China since the historic times. Scientia Sinica 27, 825-836.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Arimoto, R., An, Z. S., Chen, T., Zhang, G., Zhu, G. and Wang, X. 1993. Atmospheric trace elements over source regions for Chinese dust: concentrations, sources and atmospheric deposition on the Loess Plateau. Atmospheric Environment 27A, 2051-2067.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Arimoto, R., An, Z. S., Chen, T. and Zhang, G., Ray, B. J. 1994. Late Quaternary records of the atmospheric input of eolian dust to the Center of the Chinese Loess Plateau. Quaternary Research 41, 35-43.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Arimoto, R. and An, Z. S. 1997. Dust emission from Chinese desert sources linked to variations in atmospheric circulation. J. Geophys. Res. 102, 28,041-28,047.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Shen, Z., Zhang, G., Chen, T. and Liu, H. 1996. Remote mineral aerosol in westerlies and their contributions to Chinese loess. Science in China (Ser. D) 39, 67-76.
    • Zhang, X. Y., Arimoto, R. and An, Z. S. 1998. Glacial and intergalcial patterns for Asian dust transport. Quant. Sci. Res. 17, in press.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from