LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Bryan, Kirk; Cox, Michael D. (2011)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:

Classified by OpenAIRE into

arxiv: Physics::Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics
An ocean basin of uniform depth is considered. It is bounded laterally by two meridians. Temperature and wind stress are specified as functions of latitude at the upper surface. The physical model is similar to that used in previous models of the oceanic thermocline, except that the momentum equations of the horizontal velocity components are retained in nearly complete form. Solutions are obtained by the direct numerical integration of a corresponding initial value problem using an electronic computer. Dimensional analysis indicates that the system depends on 5 basic parameters. The geophysically significant range of these parameters is investigated in 8 numerical experiments. Computations with and without wind stress show the interaction of the thermohaline and the wind-driven components of the large scale circulation. Without wind a single large anticyclonic gyre extends over the entire surface of the basin. There is a shallow western boundary current, extending to high latitudes, and a vertically uniform southward drift in the interior from the surface down to the base of the thermocline. A sluggish cyclonic gyre exists below the thermocline. The addition of a wind stress pattern corresponding to a maximum in the westerlies at 45°N leads to the formation of an additional cyclonic gyre in subarctic latitudes. In spite of the simplified boundary conditions the solutions with wind stress reproduce many details of the observed density structure in the North Atlantic, particularly in the subtropical gyre. A more quantitative comparison with North Atlantic data indicates that a choice of the vertical diffusion coefficient, ?, to be 1 cm2/s gives an approximate fit to the thermocline depth and estimates of the total poleward transport of heat. The corresponding renewal time for deep water, however, is considerably less than that indicated by C14 data.DOI: 10.1111/j.2153-3490.1967.tb01459.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • ALBRECHTF,., 1960, Jahreskarten des Warme- und Waseerhaushaltes der Ozeane. Ber. Deut. Wetterdiemtea, 66,Bd. 9, 19 pp.
    • ARAKAWAA., 1903, Computation design for longterm numerical integrations of the equations for atmospheric motion. Paper presented at the 44th Annual Meeting, A.G.U., Washington, April 1963.
    • BLANDFORRD.,, 1965, Notes on the theory of the thermocline. J. Mar. Res., 28, pp. 18-29.
    • BROEKERW,. C., GERARD, R., EWING,If., and HEEZENB,. C., 1960, Natural radiocarbon in the Atlantic Ocean. J . Geophys. Res., 65, 2903-2931.
    • BRYAN,K., 1963, A numerical investigation of a non-linear model of a wind-drivenocean. J. Atmos. Science, 20, pp. 594-606.
    • BRYANK,., 1966, A scheme for numerical integration of the equations of motion on an irregular grid free of nonlinear instability. Mon. Wea.Rev., U.S.W.B. 94, pp. 39-40.
    • BUDYKO,M. I., 1956, The Heat Balance of the Earth's Surface. Translated by N. A. STEPANOVA, 1958, WASHINGTOND,.C., U.S. Department of Commerce, 259 pp.
    • FOFONONF.FP,., 1962, Dynamics of ocean currents. The Sea, Vol. I , M. N. Hills Editor, N.Y., London, J. Wiley.
    • FUQLISTERF,. C., 1960, Atlantic Ocean Atlas. Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst. Atlas, Ser. 1, 209 pp.
    • GORMATYUYKu,. K., and SARKISYANA,. S., 1965, Results of four-level model calculations of North Atlantic currents. Izv. Akad. Nauk (U.S.S.R.) Atmos. and Oceanic Physics, 1, pp. 313-326.
    • LILLY,D. K., 1965, On the computational stability of numerical solutions of time-dependent, nonlinear geophysical fluid dynamics problems. Mon. Wea. Rev., 93, pp. 11-25.
    • LINEYKINP,. S., 1955, On the determination of the thickness of the baroclinic layer of the sea. Dokl. Akad. Nauk USSR, 101, pp. 461-464.
    • LINEYKINP,. S., 1962, Some new research on the dynamics of ocean currents. 20th Anniversary Vol., Tokyo, Ocean. SOC.Jap., pp. 448-457.
    • ROBINSONA,. R., 1960, The general thermal circulation in equatorial regions. Deep-sea Res., 6, pp. 311-317.
    • ROBINSONA, . R., and STOMMELH, ., 1959, The oceanic thermocline and the associated thermohaline circulation. Tellus, 11, pp. 295-308.
    • ROBINSONA,. R., and WELANDERP,., 1963, Thermal circulation on a rotating sphere: with application to tho oceanic thermocline. J. Mar. Res., 21, pp. 25-38.
    • SARKISYANA,. S., 1962, On the dynamics of the origin of wind currents in the baroclinic ocean. Okeanologia, 11: 3, pp. 393-409.
    • SMAQORINSKJY.,, 1963, General circulation experiments with the primitive equations. Mon. Wea. Rev., U.S.W.B., 91, pp. 99-164.
    • STOMMELH,., 1958, The Gulf Stream, a Physical and Dynamical Description. Berkeley, Univ. Calif. Press, 157 pp., 2nd Edition, 1965.
    • STOMMEHL,. and ARONSA,. B., 1960, On the abyssal circulation of the world ocean-11, Deep-sea R M . , 6, pp. 217-233.
    • STOMMELH, . and WEBSTER,J., 1962, Some properties of thermocline equations in a subtropical gyre. J. Mar. Res., 20, pp. 42-56.
    • SVERDRUPH,. U., 1947, Wind-driven currents in a baroclinic ocean; with application t o the equatorial currents of the Eastern Pacific. Proc. Natl. Acad. of Sci (U.S.A.), 33, pp. 318-326.
    • SVERDRUPH, . U., 1957, Oceanography. I n Handbuch der Physik, 48, Berlin, Springer-Verlag.
    • WEBSTERF,., 1965, Measurements of eddy fluxes of momentum in the surface layer of The Gulf Stream. Tellus, 17, pp. 239--245.
    • WELANDERP,., 1959, An advective model of the ocean thermocline. Tellus, 11, pp. 309-318.
    • WUST, G., and DEFANT,A., 1936, Meteor 1925- 1927. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse, Bd. &Atlas (103 pls). Berlin, W. de Gruyter Co.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from