Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Schulman, Jessica A. (1999)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Medical Education Online
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: education
With 20% of deaths in the U.S. attributed to improper diet and lack of exercise, renewed interest has emerged in nutrition education for medical professionals. Sociopolitical factors are exerting a profound influence on changes in medical curricula, moving medicine away from traditional biomedical curricula and toward more comprehensive programs of study. This paper explores how public demand for nutrition information, inadequate nutrition training among physicians, changes in health care, and medical education reform are influencing the evolution of nutrition in medical schools. This paper also discusses barriers, possible solutions, and specific actions for health educators. To achieve nutrition-literacy among prospective physicians, the following elements must be developed and established: 1) adequate organizational and administrative supports, 2) continuity in credentialing nutrition specialists, 3) innovative nutrition curricula, 4) committed faculty nutrition mentors, 5) clear nutrition education goals, 6) methods for evaluation of program activities/outcomes, 7) substantive research agenda, 8) multidisciplinary medical curricula, and 9) collaboration.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Gibbs J, Cull W, Khuri S, Daley J, Henderson W. Serum albumin level as a predictor of surgical mortality and morbidity: results from the National VA Surgical Risk Study [abstract]. AHSR FHSR Annu Meet Abstr Book 1996;13:163.
    • Montgomery D, Splett P. Economic benefit of breast-feeding infants enrolled in WIC. J Am Diet Assoc 1997;87(4):379-385.
    • 3. van Weel C. Morbidity in family medicine: the potential for individual nutritional counseling, an analysis from the Nijmegen Continuous Morbidity Registration. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;65(6 Suppl):1928s-1932s.
    • Halsted C. Clinical nutrition education: relevance and role models. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67:192-196.
    • Shils ME. National Dairy Council Award for Excellence in Medical and Dental Nutrition Education Lecture, 1994: nutrition education in medical schools--the prospect before us.
    • Am J Clin Nutr 1994;60(4):631-8.
    • McGinnis J, Foege W. Actual causes of death in the United States. JAMA 1993;270:2207- 12.
    • American Dietetic Association [ADA]. Position of The American Dietetic Association: Nutrition--an essential component of medical education. J Am Diet Assoc 1994;94(5):555- 557.
    • Go VL, Wilkerson L, Heber D. Implementation of a longitudinal nutrition curriculum at UCLA. Acad Med 1995;70(5):432-3.
    • Hark L. One program's experience in nutrition education of medical students. Topics in Clinical Nutrition 1997;12(3):42-48.
    • Doctoring: University of California, Los Angeles. Acad Med 1998;73(1):32-40.
    • Rodning CB. Sociopolitical influence upon medical education: the Medical College of Alabama (1859 to 1861) as a model. South Med J 1986;79(6):744-5.
    • Martin SC, Howell JD. One hundred years of clinical preventive medicine in America. Prim Care 1989;16(1):3-8.
    • Meyer GS, Potter A, Gary N. A national survey to define a new core curriculum to prepare physicians for managed care practice. Acad Med 1997;72(8):669-76.
    • Rabkin MT. A paradigm shift in academic medicine? Acad Med 1998;73:127-131.
    • Mechanic D. Social research in health and the American sociopolitical context: the changing fortunes of medical sociology. Soc Sci Med 1993;36(2):95-102.
    • Butterworth C. The skeleton in the hospital closet. Nutrition Today 1974:4-8.
    • 28. Association of American Medical College's Clinical Administrative Data Service. [Topic: Nutrition, 1995-1996, 1996-1997, 1997-1998]. Raw data. Washington D.C.: 1997.
    • 29. American Medical Student Association [AMSA]. Essentials of nutrition education in medical schools: a national consensus. American Medical Student Association's Nutrition Curriculum Project. Acad Med. 1996;71:969- 71.
    • 30. Kent G. Nutrition education as an instrument of empowerment. J Nutr Educ 1988;20:193- 195.
    • 31. Davis CH. The report to Congress on the appropriate federal role in assuring access by medical students, residents, and practicing physicians to adequate training in nutrition. Public Health Rep 1994;109(6):824-6.
    • 32. Finocchio LJ. Looking into the future of allied health: recommendations of the Pew Health Professions Commission. J Allied Health 1994;23(1):29-33.
    • 33. Finocchio LJ, Bailiff PJ, Grant RW, EH ON. Professional competencies in the changing health care system: physicians' views on the importance and adequacy of formal training in medical school. Acad Med 1995;70(11):1023- 8.
    • 34. O'Neil E. Education as part of the health care solution: strategies from the Pew Health Professions Commission. JAMA 1992;268(9):1146-1148.
    • Maudsley RF. Content in context: medical education and society's needs. Acad Med 1999;74(2):143-5.
    • Matson CC, Ullian JA, Boisaubin EV. Integrating early clinical experience curricula at two medical schools: lessons learned from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Generalist Physician Initiative. Acad Med 1999;74(1 Suppl):S53-8.
    • 37. Mennin SP, Krackov SK. Reflections on relevance, resistance, and reform in medical education. Acad Med 1998;73(9 Suppl):S60-4.
    • 38. Rollins LK, Lynch DC, Owen JA, Shipengrover JA, Peel ME, Chakravarthi S. Moving from policy to practice in curriculum change at the University of Virginia School of Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, and SUNY-Buffalo School of Medicine. Acad Med 1999;74(1 Suppl):S104-11.
    • 39. Hafferty FW. Beyond curriculum reform: confronting medicine's hidden curriculum. Acad Med 1998;73(4):403-7.
    • 40. Iglehart J. Forum on the future of academic medicine: session V--implications of basic and applied research for AMCs. Acad Med 1998;73(12):1241-8.
    • 41. Ginzberg E. The future supply of physicians. Acad Med 1996;71(11):1147-1153.
    • 42. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Report to Congress on the appropriate Federal role in assuring access by medical students, residents and practicing physicians to adequate training in nutrition. Washington, D.C.: 1993.
    • 43. Tucker HN, Miguel SG. Cost containment through nutrition intervention. Nutr Rev 1996;54(4 Pt 1):111-21.
    • 44. Kushner RF. Barriers to providing nutrition counseling by physicians: a survey of primary care practitioners. Prev Med 1995;24(6):546- 52.
    • 45. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Nutrition academic award. Washington, D.C.: National Institutes of Health, 1999.
    • 48. Slavin SJ, Wilkes MS, Usatine R. Doctoring III: innovations in education in the clinical years. Acad Med 1995;70(12):1091-5.
    • 49. Tillman HH, Woods M, Gorbach SL. Enhancing the level of nutrition education at Tufts University's Medical and Dental Schools. J Cancer Educ 1992;7(3):215-9.
    • 50. Intersociety Professional Nutrition Education Consortium. Bringing physician nutrition specialists into the mainstream: rationale for the Intersociety Professional Nutrition Education Constortium. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;68:894-8.
    • 52. Deen DD, Jr., Karp RJ, Lowell BC. Contribution of regional networks to the nutrition education of physicians. J Am Coll Nutr 1996;15(4):413-7.
    • 53. Feldman EB. Networks for medical nutrition education--a review of the US experience and future prospects. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;62(3):512-7.
    • Winick M. Nutrition education in medical schools. Am J Clin Nutr 1993;58(6):825-7.
    • 55. Franz MJ, Splett PL, Monk A, et al. Costeffectiveness of medical nutrition therapy provided by dietitians for persons with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Am Diet Assoc 1995;95(9):1018-24.
    • 56. Johannesson M, Agewall S, Hartford M, Hedner T, Fagerberg B. The cost-effectiveness of a cardiovascular multiple-risk-factor intervention programme in treated hypertensive men. J Intern Med 1995;237(1):19-26.
    • 57. Patton M. How to use qualitative methods in evaluation. Newbury Park: SAGE, 1987.
    • McKinlay JB. Health promotion through healthy public policy: the contribution of complementary research methods. Can J Public Health 1992;83 Suppl 1:S11-9.
    • 59. Schulman JA, Wolfe EW. The nutrition selfefficacy scale for prospective physicians: 60. Shils ME, Karp R, Stevenson N, Kuperman A, Gebhardt C. Evaluation of the quality and quantity of nutrition teaching in the curriculum. Bull N Y Acad Med 1984;60(6):591-601.
    • 63. Rossi PH, Freeman HE. Evaluation: a systematic approach. (5 ed.) Newbury Park: SAGE, 1993.
    • 64. Karp R. A methodology for nutrition curriculum evaluation. Bull N Y Acad Med 1984;60(6):585-90.
    • 65. Raven B, Litman-Adizes T. Social power and compliance in health care. In: Maes S, Spielberger CD, Defares PB, Sarason IG, eds. Topics in health psychology. New York: Wiley, 1988:229-244.
    • 66. Steckler A, Allegrante J, Altman D, et al. Health education interventions strategies: recommendations for future research. Health Educ Q 1995;22(2):307-121.
    • 67. Green L, Kreuter M. Health promotion planning: an educational and environmental approach. (2 ed.) Mountain View: Mayfield, 1991.
    • 68. Israel B, Checkoway B, Schulz A, Zimmerman M. Health education and community empowerment: conceptualizing and measuring perceptions of individual, organizational, and community control. Health Educ Q 1994;21(2):149-70.
    • Population-based medical education: linkages between schools of medicine and public health agencies. Acad Med 1996;71(12):1350-1352.
    • 70. Deen D, Jr., Karp R, Lowell B. A new approach to nutrition education for primary care physicians in the United States. J Gen Intern Med 1994;9(7):407-8.
    • Bratland SZ. Handling nutritional advice in general practice in Norway. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;65(6 Suppl):1953s-1956s.
    • Schauder P. [Graduate education in nutritional medicine in Germany--2 years after organization of the "Nutritional Medicine" teaching curriculum]. Z Arztl Fortbild Jena 1995;89(4):386-91.
    • Wasylenki DA, Cohen CA, McRobb BR. Creating community agency placements for undergraduate medical education: a program description. Can Med Assoc J 1997;156(3):379- 83.
    • Bidlack WR. Interrelationships of food, nutrition, diet and health: the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges White Paper. J Am Coll Nutr 1996;15(5):422- 33.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from