Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Wang, Yuxuan; Hao, Jiming; Mcelroy, Michael B.; Munger, J. William; Ma, Hong; Nielsen, Chris P.; Zhang, Yuqiang (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
We examine seasonal variations of carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O3), and their relationships observed over the course of 3 yr (2005–2007) at Miyun, a rural site 100 km north of Beijing. Monthly mean afternoon mixing ratios of CO have broad maxima in winter and a secondary peak in June. Monthly mean afternoon O3 shows a clear seasonal pattern with a major peak in June (85 ppb), a secondary peak in September (65 ppb) and minimum in winter (50–55 ppb). The seasonal cycles of O3 and CO are associated with seasonal changes in dominant synoptic pattern. Substantial interannual variability is found for CO which is attributed to the interannual variability of meteorology and emissions from biomass burning. The seasonality and magnitude of background CO and O3 derived at Miyun are consistent with observations at upwind remote continental sites. The O3–CO correlation slope is about 0.07 ppb ppb-1 on average in summer, significantly lower than the typical slope of 0.3 ppb ppb-1 reported for developed countries. The O3–CO correlation slope shows large gradients for different types of air masses (0.133 ± 0.017 ppb ppb-1 in aged urban pollution plumes and 0.047 ± 0.008 ppb ppb-1 in biomass burning plumes), suggesting that the conventional method of direct scaling the mean O3–CO slope by CO emissions to deduce O3 production rate is subject to large uncertainties if applied for China.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00464.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Appenzeller, C., Holton, J. R. and Rosenlof, K. H. 1996. Seasonal variation of mass transport across the tropopause. J. Geophys. Res. 101, 15071-15078.
    • Chin, M., Jacob, D. J., Munger, J. W., Parrish, D.D. and Doddridge, B.G. 1994. Relationship of ozone and carbon monoxide over North America. J. Geophys. Res. 99(D7), 14565-14573.
    • Cooper, O. R., Moody, J. L., Parrish, D. D., Trainer, M., Holloway, J. S. and co-authors. 2002. Trace gas composition of midlatitude cyclones over the western North Atlantic Ocean: a seasonal comparison of O3 and CO. J. Geophys. Res. 107(D7), doi:10.1029/2001JD000902.
    • Ding, A. J., Wang, T., Thouret, V., Cammas, J.-P. and Ne´de´lec, P. 2008. Tropospheric ozone climatology over Beijing: analysis of aircraft data from the MOZAIC program. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 1-13.
    • Draxler, R. R. and Hess, G.D. 1998. An overview of the HYSPLIT 4 modelling system for trajectories, dispersion, and deposition. Aust. Meterol. Mag. 47, 295-308.
    • Fu, T.-M., Jacob, D. J., Palmer, P. I., Chance, K., Wang, Y. X. and co-authors. 2007. Space-based formaldehyde measurements as constraints on volatile organic compound emissions in East and South Asia. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D06312, doi:10.1029/2006JD007853.
    • Gao, J., Wang, T., Ding, A. and Liu, C. 2005. Observations study of ozone and carbon monoxide at the summit of mount Tai (1534m a.s.l.) in central-eastern China. Atmos. Environ. 39, 4779-4791.
    • GLOBALVIEW-CO. 2009. Cooperative Atmospheric Data Integration Project - Carbon Monoxide. CD-ROM, NOAA ESRL, Boulder, Colorado [Also available on Internet via anonymous FTP to ftp.cmdl.noaa.gov, Path: ccg/co/GLOBALVIEW]
    • Hirsch, R. M. and Gilroy, E. J. 1984. Methods of fitting a straight line to data: examples in water resources. Water Resour. Bull. 20, 705- 711.
    • Jaffe, D. and Ray, J. 2007. Increase in surface ozone at rural sites in the western US. Atmos. Environ. 41(26), 5452-5463.
    • Kleinman, L., Lee, Y. N., Springston, S. R., Nunnermacker, L., Zhou, X. and coauthors. 1994. Ozone formation at a rural site in the southeastern United States. J. Geophys. Res. 99(D2), 3469-3482.
    • Lee, B. H., Munger, J. W., Wofsy, S. C. and Goldstein, A. H. 2006. Anthropogenic emissions of nonmethane hydrocarbons in the northeastern United States: measured seasonal variations from 1992-1996 and 1999-2001. J. Geophys. Res. 111, D20307, doi:10.1029/2005JD006172.
    • Liang, J., Horowitz, L., Jacob, D., Wang, Y., Fiore, A. and co-authors. 1998. Seasonal budgets of reactive nitrogen species and ozone over the United States, and export fluxes to the global atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 103(D11), 13435-13450.
    • Lin, C. Y., Jacob, D. J., Munger, J. W. and Fiore A. M. 2000. Increasing background ozone in surface air over the United States. Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 3465-3468.
    • Lin, W., Xu, X., Zhang, X. and Tang, J. 2008. Contribution of pollutants from North China Plain to surface ozone at the Shangdianzi GAW station. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 5889-5898.
    • Liu, S. C., Trainer, M., Fehsenfeld, F. C., Parrish, D. D., Williams, E. J. and co-authors. 1987. Ozone production in the rural troposphere and the implications for regional and global ozone distributions. J. Geophys. Res. 92, 4191-4207.
    • Logan, J. A. 1989. Ozone in rural areas of the United States. J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8511-8532.
    • Logan, J. A. 1999. An analysis of ozonesonde data for the troposphere: recommendations for testing 3-D models and development of a gridded climatology for tropospheric ozone. J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16115-16150.
    • Luo, C., St. John, J. C., Zhou, X., Lam, K. S., Wang, T. and coauthors. 2000. A nonurban ozone air pollution episode over eastern China: observations and model simulations. J. Geophys. Res. 105(D2), 1889-1908.
    • Mao, H. and Talbot, R. 2004. O3 and CO in New England: temporal variations and relationships. J. Geophys. Res. 109(D2), 1304, doi:10.1029/2004JD004913.
    • Mauzerall, D. L., Narita, D., Akimoto H., Horowitz L., Walters S. and co-authors. 2000. Seasonal characteristics of tropospheric ozone production and mixing ratios over East Asia: a global threedimensional chemical transport model analysis. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 17895-17910.
    • Meng, Z. Y., Xu, X. B., Yan, P., Ding, G. A., Tang, J., and co-authors. 2009. Characteristics of trace gaseous pollutants at a regional background station in Northern China. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 927- 936.
    • Monks, P. S. 2000. A review of the observations and origins of the spring ozone maximum. Atmos. Environ. 34, 3545- 3561.
    • Munger, J., Wofsy, S., Bakwin, P., Fan, S.-M., Goulden, M. and coauthors. 1996. Atmospheric deposition of reactive nitrogen oxides and ozone in a temperate deciduous forest and a subarctic woodland 1. Measurements and mechanisms. J. Geophys. Res. 101(D7), 12639-12657.
    • Ohara, T., Akimoto, H., Kurokawa, J., Horii, N., Yamaji, K. and coauthors. 2007. An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 4419-4444.
    • Oltmans, S. J., Lefohn, A. S., Scheel, H. E., Harris, J. M., Levy II, H. and co-authors. 1998. Trends of ozone in the troposphere. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 139-142.
    • Parrish, D. D., Trainer, M., Buhr, M. P., Watkins, B. A. and Fehsenfeld, F. C. 1993. Export of North American ozone pollution to the North Atlantic Ocean. Science 259, 1436-1439.
    • Parrish, D. D., Trainer, M., Holloway, J. S., Yee, L. E., Warshawsky, M. S. and co-authors. 1998. Relationships between ozone and carbon monoxide at surface sites in the North Atlantic region. J. Geophys. Res. 103, 13357-13376.
    • Pfister, G. G., Emmons, L. K., Hess, P. G., Honrath, R., Lamarque, J. F. and co-authors. 2006. Ozone production from the 2004 North American boreal fires. J. Geophys. Res. 111, D24S07, doi:10.1029/2006JD007695.
    • Pochanart, P., Hirokawa, J., Kajii, Y., Akimoto, H. and Nakao, M. 1999. Influence of regional-scale anthropogenic activity in Northeast Asia on seasonal variations of surface ozone and carbon monoxide observed at Oki, Japan. J. Geophys. Res. 104, 3621-3631.
    • Pochanart, P., Akimoto, H., Kajii, Y., Potemkin, V. M. and Khodzher, T. V. 2003. Regional background ozone and carbon monoxide variations in remote Siberia/east Asia. J. Geophys. Res. 108(D1), 4028, doi:10.1029/2001JD001412.
    • Poulida, O., Dickerson, R. R., Doddridge, B. G., Holland, J. Z., Wardell, R. G. and co-authors. 1991. Trace gas concentrations and meteorology in rural Virginia, 1. ozone and carbon monoxide. J. Geophys. Res. 96(D12), 22461-22475.
    • Real, E., Law, K. S., Schlager, H., Roiger, A., Huntrieser, H. and coauthors. 2008. Lagrangian analysis of low altitude anthropogenic plume processing across the North Atlantic. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 7737-7754.
    • Streets, D. G., Zhang, Q., Wang, L., He, K., Hao, J. and co-authors. 2006. Revisiting China's CO emissions after TRACE-P: synthesis of inventories, atmospheric modeling, and observations. J. Geophys. Res. 111, D14306, doi:10.1029/2006JD007118.
    • Van Der Werf, G. R., Randerson, J. T., Giglio, L., Collatz, G. J., Kasibhatla, P/ S. and co-authors. 2006. Interannual variability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 and 2004. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 3423-3441.
    • Wang, T., Cheung, V. T. F., Anson, M. and Li, Y.S. 2001. Ozone and related gaseous pollutants in the boundary layer of eastern China: overview of the recent measurements at a rural site. Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 2373-2376.
    • Wang, T., Cheung, T. F., Li, Y. S., Xu, X. M. and Blake, D. R. 2002. Emission characteristics of CO, NOx, SO2 and indications of biomass burning observed at a rural site in eastern China. J. Geophys. Res. 107, doi:10.1029/2001JD000724.
    • Wang, T., Ding, A. J., Blake, D. R., Zahorowski, W., Poon, C. N. and co-authors. 2003. Chemical characterization of the boundary layer outflow of air pollution to Hong Kong during February-April 2001. J. Geophys. Res. 108(D20), 8787, doi:10.1029/2002JD003272.
    • Wang, T., Wong, C. H., Cheung, T. F., Blake, D. R., Arimoto, R. and co-authors. 2004. Relationships of trace gases and aerosols and the emission characteristics at Lin'an, a rural site in eastern China during spring 2001. J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19S05, doi:10.1029/2003JD004119.
    • Wang, T., Guo, H., Blake, D. R., Kwok, Y. H., Simpson, I. J. and co-authors. 2005. Measurements of trace gases in the inflow of South China Sea background air and outflow of regional pollution at Tai O, Southern China. J. Atmos. Chem. 52, 295-317, doi:10.1007/s10874-005-2219-x.
    • Wang, T., Wong, A., Tang, J., Ding, A., Wu, W. S. and coauthors. 2006b. On the origin of surface ozone and reactive nitrogen observed at a remote mountain site in the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, western China. J. Geophys. Res. 111, doi:10.1029/2005JD006527.
    • Wang, Y. X., McElroy, M. B., Martin, R. V., Streets, D. G., Zhang, Q. and co-authors. 2007. Seasonal variability of NOx emissions over east China constrained by satellite observations: implications for combustion and microbial sources. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D06301, doi:10.1029/2006JD007538.
    • Wang, Y. X., McElroy, M. B., Munger, J. W., Hao, J., Ma, H. and coauthors. 2008. Variations of O3 and CO in summertime at a rural site near Beijing. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 6355-6363.
    • Zhang, Q., Streets, D. G., He, K., Wang, Y. X., Richter, A. and coauthors. 2007. NOx emission trends for China 1995-2004: the view from the ground and the view from space. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D22306, doi:10.1029/2007JD008684.
    • Zhang, L., Jacob, D. J., Boersma, K. F., Jaffe, D. A., Olson, J. R. and co-authors. 2008. Transpacific transport of ozone pollution and the effect of recent Asian emission increases on air quality in North America: an integrated analysis using satellite, aircraft, ozonesonde, and surface observations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 6117- 6136.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from