Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Fraedrich, Klaus (2011)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

arxiv: Astrophysics::Galaxy Astrophysics, Physics::Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics
Irregular small-scale motions, which are introduced into a one-dimensional entraining jet lead to a random cloud with additive stochastic forcing. These clouds are characterized by probability distributions of the thermodynamic cloud properties. Applying a first-passage analysis, probability distributions for maximum cloud top heights can be deduced. In the disturbed tropical atmosphere, random clouds reveal a bimodal probability distribution of cloud top heights, which is essentially due to the mid-tropospheric minimum of the moist static energy. They represent deep and shallow convection. If separated, each scale may be approximated by a log-normal distribution. Some aspects of the competition between these two cloud scales are evaluated.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.1985.tb00279.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Augstein, E., Garstang, M. and Emmit. G . D. 1980. Vertical mass and energy transports by cumulus clouds in the tropics. Deep Sea Res. 26, Suppl. I . 9-21.
    • Arakawa. R. A. and Schubert, W. H. 1974. Interaction of cumulus cloud ensemble with the large-scale environment. Part I. J. Atmos. Sci. 31,674-701.
    • Arnold, L. 1973. Stochastische Diferentialgleichungen. R. Oldenbourg Verlag, 239 pp. English Translation: Stochastic differential equations.
    • Balescu, R. 1975. Equilibrium and non-equilibrium. Statistical mechanics. Wiley, 742 pp.
    • Beniston, M. G. and Sommeria, G . 1981. Use of a planetary boundary layer model for parameterization purposes. J. Atmos. Sci. 38, 78&797.
    • Cho, H. 1978. Some statistical properties of a homogeneous and stationary cumulus cloud field. J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 125-138.
    • Cruz. L. A. 1973. Venezuelan rainstorms a s seen by radar. J . Appl. Meteorol. 12, 119-126.
    • Fraedrich, K . 1977. Further studies on a transient cumulus cloud ensemble and its large-scale interaction. J . Atmos. Sci. 34, 335-343.
    • Gardiner. C. W. 1983. Handbook of stochastic methods. Springer-Verlag, 442 pp.
    • Hasselmann, K . 1976. Stochastic climate models. 1. Tellus 2 8 , 4 7 3 4 8 4 .
    • Johnson, N. L. and Kotz, S. 1970. Continuous univariate distributions. Wiley, Vol. I, 300 pp.
    • Lopez, R. E. IY77. The log-normal distribution and cumulus cloud population. Mon. Wea. Rev. 10.5, 865-872.
    • McBride, J. L. 1981. An analysis of diagnostic cloud mass flux models. J. Atmos. Sci. 38. 1977-1990.
    • Nicolis, C. and Nicolis, G . 1981. Stochastic aspects of climatic transitions-additive fluctuations. Tellus 33, 225-234.
    • Ogura, Y. and Cho, H.-R. 1973. Diagnostic determination of cumulus cloud populations from observed large-scale variables. J . Atmos. Sci. 30, 1276- 1286.
    • Ooyama, K . 1971. A theory on parameterization of cumulus convection. J . Meteorol. SOC. Japan 49 (Special Issue), 744-756.
    • Riehl, H. 1979. Climate and weather in the tropics. Academic Press, London, 6 I I pp.
    • van Delden, A. and Oerlemans, J. 1982. Grouping of clouds in a numerical cumulus convection model. Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 5 5 , 239-252.
    • van Kampen, N. G . 1981. Stochastic processes in physics and chemisrry. North-Holland, 4 13 pp.
    • Wang, M. C. and Uhlenbeck, G . E. 1945. On the theory of Brownian motion (11). Rev. Mod. Phys. 17, 323-341.
    • Yanai, M., Esbensen, S. and Chu, J.-W. 1973. Determination of bulk properties of tropical cloud clusters from large-scale heat and moisture budgets. J. Atmos. Sci. 3 0 , 6 11-627.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from