LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Fogelholm, Mikael; Lahti-Koski, Marjaana (2002)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Food & Nutrition Research
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
Background: Prevention of weight gain is a primary strategy in tackling the obesity epidemic. Objective: This review summarizes results of community interventions for prevention of cardiovascular diseases, with dietary changes and increased physical activity as target behaviours, and change in obesity as one outcome variable. Design: A Medline search was used to identify studies. The focus behaviour was physical activity, but all of the five selected interventions also had dietary changes as an essential component. Results: The interventions were aimed at prevention of cardiovascular diseases, and all had dietary changes, increased physical activity and decreased prevalence of obesity as means to achieve the main objective. The duration of intervention was 4–7 years. Out of the four projects with physical activity assessments, two did not observe any significant intervention effects on physical activity. The residents of the intervention communities of the Minne sota Heart Health Study were somewhat more physically active at the end of the follow-up. In the Stanford Five-City Project, the intervention had a positive effect on physical activity in independent, cross-sectional samples. Most projects did not find any intervention impact on body mass index (BMI). In the Stanford Five-City Project, BMI increased less in treatment than in control communities, but this effect was observed only by using the cross-sectional, independent surveys. Conclusion: It seems that the increase in energy expenditure due to physical activity was not large enough. To enable improvements, future interventions may need a stronger emphasis on changes in the local physical and social environment. Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, eating, environment, exercise, overweight.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. International Obesity Task F orce (IOTF ). Obesity. Preventing and managing the global epidemic. WHO:N U T: N CB:98.1. G eneva: World H ealth Organization; 1998.
    • 2. F ogelholm M , K ukkonen-H arjula K. Does physical activity prevent weight gain? A systematic review. Obes R ev 2000;1:95- 111.
    • 3. G lenny A-M , O'Meara S, M elville A, et al. The treatment and prevention of obesity, a systematic review of the literature. Int J Obes R elat M etab D isord 1997;21:715 - 37.
    • 4. Baranowski T, Anderson C, Carmack C. M ediating variable frameworks in physical activity interventions. H ow are we doing? H ow might we do better? Am J Prev M ed 1998;15:266 -97.
    • 5. Paronen O, Oja P. H ow to understand a community - community assessment for the promotion of health-related physical activity. Patient Educ Couns 1998;33:S25 - 8.
    • 6. K ing AC. How to promote physical activity in a community, research experiences from the U S highlighting different community approaches. Patient Educ Couns 1998;33:S3 -S12.
    • 7. Brownson R C, Smith CA, Pratt M , et al. Preventing cardiovascular disease through community-based risk reduction, the Bootheel H eart H ealth Project. Am J Public H ealth 1996;86:20 6 - 13.
    • 8. Wiesemann A, M etz J, N uessel E, et al. F our years of practice-based and exercise-supported behavioural medicine in one community of the G erman CIN D I area. Countrywide Int egrated N on-Comm unicable D iseases Intervention. Int J Sports M ed 1997;8:308 - 15.
    • 9. Tudor-Smith C, N utbeam D , M oore L, Catford J. Effects of the H eartbeat Wales programme over ve years on behavioural risks for cardiovascular disease, quasi-experimental comparison of results from Wales and a matched reference area. Br M ed J 1998;316:81 8 - 22.
    • 10. M urray D M , K urth C, M ullis R , Jeffery R W. Cholesterol reduction through low-intensity interventions, results from the M innesota H eart H ealth Program. Prev M ed 1990;19:18 1 - 9.
    • 11. K elder SH , Perry CL, K lepp K -I. Community wide youth exercise promotion, long-term outcomes of the M innesota H eart H ealth Program and the Class of St udy. J Sch H ealth ; 63 1989;1993:21 8 - 23.
    • 12. Luepker R V, M urray D M , Jacobs D R Jr, et al. Commu - nity education for cardiovascular disease prevention, risk factor changes in the M innesota H eart H ealth Program. Am J Public H ealth 1994;84:138 3 - 93.
    • 13. Jeffery R W, G ray CW, F rench SA, et al. Evaluation of weight reduction in a community intervention for cardiovascular disease risk, changes in bod y mass index in the M innesota H eart H ealth Program. Int J Obes R elat M etab D isord 1995;19:30 - 9.
    • 14. F ortmann SP, Winkleby M A, F lora JA, et al. Effect of long-term community health education on blood pressure and hypertension control. The Stanford F ive-City Project. Am J Epidemiol 1990;132:62 9 - 46.
    • 15. Taylor CB, F ortmann SP, F lora J, et al. Effect of long term community health education on body mass index, the Stanford F ive City Project. Am J Epidemiol 1991;134:235 - 49.
    • 16. Youn g D R , H askell WL, Taylor CB, F ortmann SP. Effects of community health education on physical activity knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. Am J Epidemiol 1996;144:26 4 - 74.
    • 17. Prentice AM , Jebb SA. Obesity in Britain: gluttony or sloth? Br M ed J 1995;311:43 7 - 9.
    • 18. F ogelholm M , M a¨nnisto¨ S, Pietinen P, Vartiainen E. D eterminant s of energy balance and overweight in F inland 1982 and 1992. Int J Obes R elat M etab D isord 1996;20:1097 - 104.
    • 19. Wareham N J, R ennie K L. The assessment of physical activity in individuals and populations: why try to be more precise about how physical activity is addressed? Int J Obes R elat Metab D isord 1998; 22 (2 Suppl): S30 - 8.
    • 20. Andersen R E, Wadden TA, Bartlett SJ, et al. Effects of lifestyle activity vs structured aerobic exercise in obese women. JAM A 1999;281:33 5 - 40.
    • 21. R obinson TN . R educing children's television viewing to prevent obesity. JAM A 1999;282:156 1 - 7.
    • 22. D unn AL, M arcus BH , K ampert JB, et al. Comparison of lifestyle and structured interventions to increase physical activity and cardiorespiratory tness. JAM A 1999;281:327 - 34.
    • 23. Jakicic JM , Winters C, Lang W, Wing R R . Effects of intermittent exercise and use of home exercise equipment on adherence, weight loss, and tness in overweight women. JAM A 1999;282:155 4 - 60.
    • 24. Andersen R E, F ranckowiak SC, Snyder J, et al. Can inexpensive signs encourage the use of stairs? R esults from a community intervention. Ann Int ern M ed 1998;129:363 - 9.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from