Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Kraemer, Lisa D.; Berner, James E.; Furgal, Christopher M. (2005)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: climate change, indigenous people, Inuit, models, traditional food

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: fungi
Many northern indigenous populations are exposed to elevated concentrations of contaminants through traditional food and many of these contaminants come from regions exterior to the Arctic. Global contaminant pathways include the atmosphere, ocean currents, and river outflow, all of which are affected by climate. In addition to these pathways, precipitation, animal availability, UV radiation, cryosphere degradation and human industrial activities in the North are also affected by climate change. The processes governing contaminant behaviour in both the physical and biological environment are complex and therefore, in order to understand how climate change will affect the exposure of northern people to contaminants, we must have a better understanding of the processes that influence how contaminants behave in the Arctic environment. Furthermore, to predict changes in contaminant levels, we need to first have a good understanding of current contaminant levels in the Arctic environment, biota and human populations. For this reason, it is critical that both spatial and temporal trends in contaminant levels are monitored in the environment, biota and human populations from all the Arctic regions.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2005; 64(5):498-508)Keywords: climate change, indigenous people, Inuit, models, traditional food
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Van Oostdam JC, Dewailly É, Gilman A, et al. Circumpolar maternal blood contaminant survey, 1994- 1997 organochlorine compounds. Sci Tot Environ 2004; 330: 55-70.
    • 2. Revich, BA. Public health and ambient air pollution in Arctic and Subarctic cities of Russia. Sci Tot Environ 1995; 160/161: 585-592.
    • 3. Van Oostdam, J, Gilman A, Dewailly É, et al. Human health implications of environmental contaminants in Arctic Canada: a review. Sci Tot Environ 1999; 230: 1-82.
    • 4. Johansen P, Muir D, Asmund G, Riget F. Human exposure to contaminants in the traditional Greenland diet. Sci Tot Environ 2004; 331: 189-206.
    • 5. Dewailly É, Nantel A, Bruneau S, Laliberté C, Ferron L, Gingras S. Breast milk contamination by PCDDs, PCDFs and PCBs in Arctic Québec: a preliminary assessment. Chemosphere 1992; 25: 1245-1249.
    • 6. Dallaire F, Dewailly É, Muckle G, et al. Acute infections and environmental exposure to organochlorines in Inuit infants from Nunavik. Environ Health Perspect 2004; 112: 1359-1364.
    • 7. Despres C, Beuter A, Richer F, et al. Neuromotor functions in Inuit preschool children exposed to Pb, PCBs, and Hg. Neurotoxicol Teratol 2005; 27: 245- 257.
    • 8. Receveur O, Boulay M, Kuhnlein HV. Decreasing traditional food use affects diet quality for adult Dene/ Métis in 16 communities of the Canadian Northwest Territories. J Nutr 1997; 127: 2179-2186.
    • 9. Dewailly É, Blanchet C, Lemieux S, et al. n-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Inuit of Nunavik. Am J Clin Nutr 2001; 74: 464-473.
    • 10. CACAR. Northern Contaminants program: Canadian Arctic Contaminants Assessment Report. Dept. of Indian and Northern Affaires. 2003.
    • 11. Duhaime G, Chabot M, Gaudreault M. Food consumption patterns and socioeconomic factors among the Inuit of Nunavik. Ecol Food Nutr 2002; 41: 91-118.
    • 12. IPCC. Climate change 2001: The scientific basis. 2001
    • 13. Manabe S, Stouffer RJ, Spelman MJ, Bryan K. Transient responses of a coupled ocean atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric CO2 1. Annual mean response. J Climate 1991; 4: 785-818.
    • 14. Maslanik JA, Serreze MC, Barry RG. Recent decreases in Arctic summer ice cover and linkages to atmospheric circulation anomalies. Geophys Res Lett 1996; 23:1677-1680.
    • 15. Manabe S, Spelman MJ, Stouffer RJ. Transient responses of a coupled ocean atmosphere model to gradual changes of atmospheric CO2 2. Seasonal response. J Clim 1992; 5:105-126.
    • 16. Vinnikov KY, Robock A, Stouffer RJ, et al. Global warming and northern hemisphere sea ice extent. Science 1999; 286: 1934-1937.
    • 17. Wania F. Assessing the potential of persistent organic chemicals for long-range transport and accumulation in polar regions. Environ Sci Technol 2003; 37: 1344-1351.
    • 18. Muir D, Braune B, DeMarch B, et al. Spatial and temporal trends and effects of contaminants in the Canadian Arctic marine ecosystem: a review. Sci Tot Environ 1999; 230: 83-144.
    • 19. Olafsdottir K, Petersen A, Magnusdottir EV, Bjornsson T, Johannesson T. Temporal trends of organochlorine contamination in Black Guillemots in Iceland from 1976 to 1996. Environ Pollut 2005; 133: 509- 515.
    • 20. Dallaire F, Dewailly É, Muckle G, Ayotte P. Time trends of persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals in umbilical cord blood of Inuit infants born in Nunavik (Quebec, Canada) between 1994 and 2001. Environ Health Perspect 2003; 111: 1660-1664.
    • 21. Ma J, Daggupaty S, Harner T, Li Y. Impacts of lindane usage in the Canadian prairies on the Great Lakes ecosystem. 1. Coupled atmospheric transport model and modeled concentrations in air and soil. Environ Sci Technol 2003; 37: 3774-3781.
    • 22. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological profile for alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and deltahexachlorocyclohexane. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.1999.
    • 23. AMAP. Persistent toxic substances, food security and Indigenous peoples of the Russian North. Final report. AMAP secretariat, Oslo, Norway.2004; ISBN: 82-7971-036-1: 192 pp.
    • 23. Polder A, Odland JO, Tkachev A, Foreid S, Savinova TN, Skaare JU. Geographic variation of chlorinated pesticides, toxaphenes and PCBs in human breast milk from sub-arctic and arctic locations in Russia. Sci Tot Environ 2003; 306: 179-195.
    • 24. Macdonald RW, Harner T, Fyfe J. Recent climate change in the Arctic and its impact on contaminant pathways and interpretation of temporal trend data. Sci Tot Environ 2005; 342:5-86.
    • 25. Wania F. Modelling the fate of non-polar organic chemicals in an ageing snow pack. Chemosphere 1997; 35: 2345-2363.
    • 26. Korhola A, Sorvari S, Rautio M, et al. A multi-proxy analysis of climate impacts on the recent development of subarctic Lake Saanajärvi in Finnish Lapland. J of Paleolimnol 2002; 28: 59-77.
    • 27. Pickhardt PC, Folt CL, Chen CY, Klaue B, Blum JD. Algal blooms reduce the uptake of toxic methylmercury in freshwater food webs. Proc Natl Acad Sci 2002; 99: 4419-4423.
    • 28. Harner T, Jantunen LMM, Bidleman TF, et al. Microbial degradation is a key elimination pathway of hexachlorocyclohexanes from the Arctic Ocean. Geophys Res Lett 2000; 27: 1155-1158.
    • 29. Knoblauch C, Jorgensen BB, Harder J.Community size and metabolic rates of psychrophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria in arctic marine sediments. Appl Environ Microbiol 1999; 65: 4230-4233.
    • 30. Loseto LL, Siciliano SD, Lean DRS. Methylmercury production in high arctic wetlands. Environ Toxicol Chem 2004; 23: 17-23.
    • 31. Schindell DT, Rind D, Lonergan P. Increased polar stratospheric ozone losses and delayed eventual recovery owing to increasing greenhouse-gas concentrations. Nature 1998; 392: 589-592.
    • 32. Weatherhead B, Tanskanen A, Stevermer A. Chapter 5, Ozone and ultraviolet radiation. ACIA report (www.acia.uaf.edu) 2005; 151-182.
    • 33. Newland MC. Neurobahavioral toxicity of methylmercury and PCBs effects - profiles and sensitive populations. Environ Toxicol Pharm 2002; 12: 119-128.
    • 34. Lalonde JD, Amyot M, Kraepiel AML, Morel FMM. Photooxidation of Hg(0) in artificial and natural waters. Environ Sci Techol 2001; 35: 1367-1372.
    • 35. Seller P, Kelly CA, Rudd JWM, Machutchon AR. Photodegradation of methylmercury in lakes. Nature 1996; 380: 694-697.
    • 36. Lean DR, Siciliano SD. Production of methylmercury by solar radiation. J. de Physique 2003;107: 743-747.
    • 37. Bonzongo JC, Donkor AK. Increasing UV-B radiation at the earth's surface and potential effects on aqueous mercury cycling and toxicity. Chemsphere 2003; 52: 1263-1273.
    • 38. Melnikov S, Carroll J,Gorshkov A, Vlasov S, Dahle S. Snow and ice concentrations of selected persistent pollutants in the Ob-Yenisey River watershed. Sci Tot Environ 2003; 306: 27-37.
    • 39. Savinov VM, Savinova TN, Matishov GG, Dahle S, Naes K. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and organochlorines (OCs) in bottom sediments of the Guba Pechenga, Barents Sea, Russia. Sci Tot Environ 2003; 306: 39-56.
    • 40. Muir D, Riget F, Cleemann M, et al. Circumpolar trends of PCBs and organochlorine pesticides in the arctic marine environment inferred from levels in ringed seals. Environ Sci Technol 2000; 34 : 2431-2438.
    • 41. Muir DCG, Norstrom RJ. Geographical differences and time trends of persistent organic pollutants in the Arctic. Toxicol Lett 2000; 112-113: 93-101.
    • 42. L'Heureux M, Mann ME, Cook BI, Gleason BE, Vose RS. Atmospheric circulation influences on seasonal precipitation patterns in Alaska during the latter 20th century. J Geophys Res 2004; 109: D06106
    • 43. McBean G. Chapter 2: Arctic climate past and present. ACIA report (www.acia.uaf.edu). 2005; pp. 22-55.
    • 44. Lei YD, Wania F. Is rain or snow a more efficient scavenger of organic chemicals? Atmospheric Environ 2004; 38: 3557-3571.
    • 45. McClelland JW, Holmes RM, Peterson BJ, Stieglitz M. Increasing river discharge in the Eurasian Arctic: Consideration of dams, permafrost thaw, and fires as potential agents of change. J Geophys Res 2004; 109: D18102
    • 46. Manabe S, Milly PCD, Wetherald R. Simulated longterm changes in river discharge and soil moisture due to global warming. Hydrol Sci J 2004; 49: 625-642.
    • 47. Moran SB, Woods WL. Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni and Pb in the water column and sediments of the Ob-Irtysh Rivers, Russia. Mar Pollut Bull 1997; 35: 270-279.
    • 48. Zhulidov AV, Headley, JV, Pavlov DF, et al. Riverine fluxes of the persistent organochlorine pesticides hexachlorcyclohexane and DDT in the Russian Federation. Chemosphere 2004; 41: 829-841.
    • 49. Standring WJF, Oughton DH, Salbu B. Potential Remobilization of 137Cs, 60Co, 99Tc, and 90Sr from contaminated Mayak sediments in river and estuary environments. Environ Sci Technol 2002; 36: 2330-2337.
    • 50. Ewald G, Larsson P, Linge H, Okla L, Szarzi N. Biotransport of organic pollutants to an inland Alaska lake by migrating sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Arctic 1998; 51: 40-47.
    • 51. Welch DW, Ishida Y, Nagasawa K. Thermal limits and ocean migrations of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka): long-term consequences of global warming. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 1998; 55: 937-948.
    • 52. Tynan CT, DeMaster DP. Observaton and predictions of arctic climate change: potential effects on marine mammals. Arctic 1997; 50: 308-322.
    • 53. Chan HM, Kim C, Khoday K, Receveur O, Kuhnlein HV. Assessment of dietary exposure to trace metals in Baffin Inuit food. Environ Health Perspect 1995; 103: 740-746.
    • 54. Johansen P, Pars T, Bjerregaard P. Lead, cadmium, mercury and selenium intake by Greenlanders from local marine food. Sci Tot Environ 2000; 245: 187- 194.
    • 55. Moulton VD, Richardson WJ, McDonald TL, Elliott RE, Williams MT. Factors influencing local abundance and haulout behaviour of ringed seals (Phoca hispida) on landfast ice of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Can J Zool 2002; 80: 1900-1917.
    • 56. Ramesh A, Walker SA, Hood DB, Guillen MD, Schneider K, Weyand EH. Bioavailability and risk assessment of oral ingested polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Int J Toxicol 2004; 23: 301-333.
    • 57. Jacobs M, Covaci A, Schepens P. Investigation of selected persistent organic pollutants in farmed Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar), salmon aquaculture feed, and fish oil components of the feed. Environ Sci Technol 2002; 36: 2797-2805.
    • 58. Hites RA, Foran JA, Carpenter DO, Hamilton MC, Knuth BA, Schwager SJ. Global assessment of organic contaminants in farmed salmon. Science 2004; 303: 226-9.
    • 59. McGinnity P, Prodohl P, Ferguson K, et al. Fitness reduction and potential extinction of wild populations of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, as a result of interactions with escaped farm salmon. Proc Roy Soc Lon Ser B-Biol Sci 2003; 270 : 2443-2450.
    • 60. Macdonald RW, Barrie LA, Bidleman TF, et al. Contaminants in the Canadian Arctic: 5 years of progress in understanding sources, occurrence and pathways. Sci Tot Environ 2000; 254: 93-234.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from