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Iggman, D.; Birgisdottir, B.; Ramel, A.; Hill, J; Thorsdottir, I. (2003)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Food & Nutrition Research
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: food and beverages, fluids and secretions
Background: The Icelandic bovine herd has been isolated for over 1100 years. Knowledge is needed about how its milk constituents differ from those of milk in the other Nordic countries, where cattle have been interbred with other European races. As milk and dairy products comprise a substantial part of food intake, especially in children, variations in cow’s milk composition may be of value when considering environmental factors in public health. Regional variation in milk composition may explain contradictory results from studies on milk consumption and aetiology of diseases, type 1 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Objective: To investigate differences in milk composition, particularly substances suggested to influence public health. Design: Analyses of the proteins b-casein and b-lactoglobulin, as well as fatty acid profiles and nitrates, were performed in samples of cow’s milk as sold to consumers, at four different times during 1 year in three different regions in Iceland and in the capital areas of the other countries. Results: The Icelandic milk was significantly (p
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Thorsdottir I, Birgisdottir BE, Johannsdottir IM, Harris DP, Hill J, Thorsson AV. Different beta-casein fractions in Icelandic versus Scandinavian cow's milk may influence diabetogenicity of cow's milk in infancy and explain low incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Iceland. Pediatrics 2000; 106: 719 /24.
    • 2. Elliott RB, Harris DP, Hill JP, Bibby NJ, Wasmuth HE. Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and cow milk: casein variant consumption. Diabetologia 1999; 42: 292 /6.
    • 3. Birgisdottir BE, Hill JP, Harris DP, Thorsdottir I. Variation in consumption of cow milk proteins and lower incidence of type 1 diabetes in Iceland vs the other 4 Nordic countries. Diabetes Nutr Metab 2002; 15: 240 / 5.
    • 4. Lien S, Kantanen J, Olsaker I, Holm LE, Eythorsdottir E, Sandberg K, et al. Comparison of milk protein allele frequencies in Nordic cattle breeds. Anim Genet 1999; 30: 85 /91.
    • 5. Jacques F, Klemetsdal G. Nordic dairy cattle comparison for milk production by using a mixed linear model approach. Livestock Prod Sci 1990; 26: 91 /106.
    • 6. Liinamo AE. Breeding for carcass traits in dairy cattle. Academic Dissertation, Dept of Animal Science, University of Helsinki, Finland; 2000.
    • 7. Christopherson S, Glass RL. Preparation of milkfat methyl esters by alcoholysis in an essentially nonalcoholic solution. J Dairy Sci 1969; 52: 1289 /90.
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    • 9. Ackman RG, Sipos JC. Application of specific response factors in the gas chromatographic analysis of methyl esters of fatty acids with flame ionization detectors. J Am Oil Chem Soc 1964; 41: 377 /8.
    • 10. Bannon CD, Craske JD, Hilliker AE. Analysis of fatty acid methyl esters with high accuracy and reliability. V. Validation of theoretical response factor of unsaturated esters in the flame ionisation detector. J Am Oil Chem Soc 2001; 63: 105 /10.
    • 11. Bobe G, Beitz DC, Freeman AE, Lindberg GL. Separation and quantification of bovine milk proteins by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. J Agric Food Chem 1998; 46: 458 /63.
    • 12. Recio I, Perez-Rodriguez ML, Ramos M, Amigo L. Capillary electrophoretic analysis of genetic variants of milk proteins from different species. J Chromat A 1997; 768: 47 /56.
    • 13. Elgar DF, Norris CS, Ayers JS, Pritchard M, Otter DE, Palmano KP. Simultaneous separation and quantitation of the major bovine whey proteins including proteose peptone and caseinomacropeptide by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on polystyrene-divinylbenzene. J Chromat A 2000; 878: 183 /96.
    • 14. Kinghorn NM, Norris CS, Paterson GR, Otter DE. Comparison of capillary electrophoresis with traditional methods to analyse bovine whey proteins. J Chromat A 1995; 700: 111 /23.
    • 15. Elliott RB, Wasmuth HE, Bibby NJ, Hill JP. The role of b-casein in the induction of insulin-dependent diabetes in the non-obese diabetic mouse and humans. In: Seminar on Milk Protein Polymorphism, IDF Special Issue No. 9702. Brussels: International Dairy Federation; 1997. p. 445 /53.
    • 16. Padberg S, Schumm-Draeger PM, Petzoldt R, Becker F, Federlin K. The significance of A1 and A2 antibodies against beta-casein in type-1 diabetes mellitus. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 1999; 124: 1518 /21.
    • 17. Beales PE, Bibby N, Elliott RB, Flohe S, Gruber H, Hill JP, et al. A multi-centre, blinded international trial of the effect of A1 and A2 b-lactoglobulin variants on diabetes incidence in two rodent models of spontaneous type-1 diabetes. Diabetologia 2002; 45: 1240 /6.
    • 18. McLachlan CN. Beta-casein A1, ischaemic heart disease mortality, and other illnesses. Med Hypotheses 2001; 56: 262 /72.
    • 19. Hill JP, Crawford RA, Boland MJ. Milk and consumer health: a review of the evidence for a relationship between the consumption of b-casein A1 with heart disease and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Proc N Z Soc Anim Prod 2002; 62: 111 /4.
    • 20. Vaarala O, Klemetti P, Savilahti E, Reijonen H, Ilonen J, Akerblom HK. Cellular immune response to cow's milk beta-lactoglobulin in patients with newly diagnosed IDDM. Diabetes 1996; 45: 178 /82.
    • 21. Sirtori CR, Galli C. n-3 fatty acids and diabetes. Biomed Pharmacother 2002; 56: 397 /406.
    • 22. Lichtenstein AH. Dietary fat and cardiovascular disease risk: quantity or quality? J Womens Health 2003; 12: 109 /14.
    • 23. Riserus U, Smedman A, Basu S, Vessby B. CLA and body weight regulation in humans. Lipids 2003; 38: 133 /7.
    • 24. Vilbergsson S, Sigurdsson G, Sigvaldason H, Hreidarsson AB, Sigfusson N. Prevalence and incidence of NIDDM in Iceland: evidence for stable incidence among males and females 1967 /1991 / the Reykjavik Study. Diabetes Med 1997; 14: 491 /8.
    • 25. Wolf HK, Tuomilehto J, Kuulasmaa K, Domarkiene S, Cepaitis Z, Molarius A, et al. Blood pressure levels in the 41 populations of the WHO MONICA Project. J Hum Hypertens 1997; 11: 733 /42.
    • 26. Chambless L, Keil U, Dobson A, Mahonen M, Kuulasmaa K, Rajakangas AM, et al. Population versus clinical view of case fatality from acute coronary heart disease: results from the WHO MONICA Project 1985 / 1990. Multinational MONItoring of Trends and Determinants in CArdiovascular Disease. Circulation 1987; 96: 3849 /59.
    • 27. Ecological analysis of the association between mortality and major risk factors of cardiovascular disease. . The World Health Organization MONICA Project. Int J Epidemiol 1994; 23: 505 /16.
    • 28. Thorgeirsdottir H, Steingrimsdottir L, Olafsson O, Gudnason V. Trends in overweight and obesity in 45 / 64 year old men and women in Reykjavik 1975 /1994. Icelandic Med J 2001; 87: 699 /704.
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