Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Korhonen, Ilkka (2012)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: local cold exposure, whole-body cold exposure, cold pressor test, blood pressure, heart rate
Objectives. Comparison of the effects of different types of cold exposure on blood pressure and heart rate. Study design. Controlled laboratory study. Methods. Twenty healthy men were exposed to three different types of cold exposure: cold pressor tests for hands and feet, and a 2-h cold air exposure at an ambient temperature of +10 °C. Results. All types of cold exposure caused a rise in systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Heart rate increased in the foot cold pressor test. In the cold chamber test, heart rate fell, causing a decrease in the rate:pressure product. No statistically significant correlations were found between the blood pressure responses to cold pressor and cold chamber tests. The increased rate:pressure product observed in the cold pressor tests is indicative of an increased oxygen consumption in the heart muscle. Conclusions. The measured cardiovascular responses indicate that a sudden local exposure to severe cold would be more stressful than a long lasting, milder exposure to cold, even when the latter is applied to the whole body(Int J Circumpolar Health 2006;65(2):178-184.).Keywords: local cold exposure, whole-body cold exposure, cold pressor test, blood pressure, heart rate
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. LeBlanc J. Man in the cold. C.C.Thomas, Springfield, USA 1975.
    • 2. Hines Jr E A, Brown C.E. A standard stimulus for measuring vasomotor reactions: its application in the study of hypertension. Proc Soc Staff Mest Mayo Clin 1932; 7: 332-335.
    • 3. Wolff H H. Mechanism and significance of cold pressor response. Quart J Med 1951; 20:261.
    • 4. Raven P B, Horvath S M. Variability of physiological parameters of unacclimatized males during a two hour cold stress of 5 C. Int J Biometeor 1970; 14: 309-320.
    • 5. Raven P B, Niki T, Damms T E, Horvath S M. Compensatory cardiovascular responses to various degrees of cold stress. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 1974; 53: 293-298.
    • 6. Hurley D A, Topliff E D L, Girling F. Acute exposure of human subjects to an ambient temperature of 10 C. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 1964; 42: 233- 243.
    • 7. Futusoka M, Veda T. Quantitative observations on thermal and metabolic response to cold of workers using vibrating tools. Int Arch Occup Environm Health 1982; 49: 213-218.
    • 8. Leppäluoto J, Korhonen I, Hassi J. Habituation of thermal sensations, skin temperatures and norepinephrine in men exposed to cold air. J Appl Physiol 2001; 90: 1211-1218.
    • 9. Korhonen I, Hassi J, Leppäluoto J. Serum concentrations of thyroid and adrenal hormones and TSH in men after repeated 1 h-stays in a cold room. Int J Circumpolar Health 2001; 60: 604-608.
    • 10. Radomski M W, Boutelier C. Hormone response of normal and intermittent cold preadapted humans to continuous cold. J Appl Physiol 1982; 53: 610-616.
    • 11. Nagata H, Izumiyama T, Kamata K, Kono S, Ykimura Y, Tawata M, Aizawa T, Yamada T. An increase of plasma triiodothyronine concentration in man in a cold environment. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1976; 43: 1153-1156.
    • 12. Goldstein-Golaire J, Vanhaelst L, Bruno O D, Leclero R, Gopinschi G. Acute effects of cold on blood levels of growth hormone, cortisol and thyrotropin in man. J Appl Physiol 1970; 29: 622-626.
    • 13. Wilkerson J E, Raven P B, Baldwin N W, Horvath S M. Adaptations in man's adrenal function in response to acute cold stress. J Appl Physiol 1974; 36: 183-189.
    • 14. Budd G M, Warhaft N. Body temperature, shivering, blood pressure and heart rate during a standard cold stress in Australia and Antarctica. J Physiol 1966; 186: 216-232.
    • 15. O`Hanlon J F, Horvath S M. Changing physiological relationships in men under acute cold stress. Can J Physiol 1970; 48: 1-10.
    • 16. Wood D L, Sheps S G, Elveback L R, Shirger A. Cold pressor test as a predictor of hypertension. Hypertension 1984; 6: 301-306.
    • 17. Cummings M F, Steele P M, Mahar L J M. The role of adrenal medullary catecholamine release in the response to a cold pressor test. Cardiovase Res 1983; 17: 189-191.
    • 18. Rodger J C, Railton R, Pareleh P, Newman P. Effect of cold stimulation on myocardial perfusion: An investigation using thallium -201 scintigraphy. Br Heart J 1984; 52: 57-62.
    • 19. Leblanc J, Dulac S, Cote J, Girard B. Autonomic nervous system and adaptation to cold in man.J Appl Physiol 1975; 39: 181-185.
    • 20. Fyhrquist F, Saijonmaa O, Metsärinne K, Tikkanen I, Rosenlöf K, Tikkanen T. Raised plasma endothelin-1 concentration following cold pressor test. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 1990; 169: 217-221.
    • 21. Hassi J, Rintamäki H, Ruskoaho H, Leppäluoto J, Vuolteenaho O. Plasma levels of endothelin-1 and natriuretic peptide in men during 2-hour stay in a cold room. Acta Physiol Scand 1991; 142: 481- 485.
    • 22. Leppäluoto J, Korhonen I, Huttunen P, Hassi J. Serum levels of thyroid and adrenal hormones, testosterone, TSH, LH, GH and prolactin in men after a 2-h stay in a cold room. Acta Physiol Scand 1988; 132: 543-548.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from