Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Jai Devi, J.; Tripathi, S. N.; Gupta, Tarun; Singh, B. N.; Gopalakrishnan, V.; Dey, Sagnik (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
Spatial and vertical distributions of aerosol radiative properties over Indian Continental Tropical Convergence Zone (CTCZ) up to 6 km altitude during the pre-monsoon and monsoon seasons of 2008 have been measured and reported for the first time. Inter-seasonal and intra-seasonal comparisons of different aerosol properties below and above the boundary layer are carried out in and among different regions of CTCZ. During pre-monsoon, aerosol layers were found to be present up to altitude as high as 6 km over the Indo-Gangetic Plains and Himalayan foothills. A large increase in absorption coefficients (by two to five times) near the Himalayan foothills and coastal India than the background values may be attributed to extensive biomass burning as supported by fire counts data. During monsoon, the aerosols were mostly confined to lower troposphere. However, absorbing aerosols were found to rebuild much faster than scattering aerosols after rains. Heating rates were very high over urban city of Bareilly peaking around 2 km during the pre-monsoon. The HR values over urban Kanpur during monsoon were comparable to Bareilly during pre-monsoon. Negligible latitudinal gradient of heating rate from the Himalayan foothill to central India was observed during both the seasons.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00580.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Abrol, Y. P., Sangwan, S. and Tiwari, M. K. 2002. Land Use-Historical Perspectives, Focus on Indo-Gangetic Plains. Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
    • Ackerman, A. S., Toon, O. B., Taylor, J. P., Johnson, D. W., Hobbs, P. V. and co-authors. 2000. Effects of aerosols on cloud albedo: evaluation of Twomey's parameterization of cloud susceptibility using measurements of ship tracks. J. Atmos. Sci. 57, 2684-2695.
    • Albrecht, B. A. 1989. Aerosols, cloud microphysics, and fractional cloudiness. Science 245, 1227-1230.
    • Arnott, W. P., Moosmuller, H., Rogers, C. F., Jin, T. F. and Bruch, R. 1999. Photoacoustic spectrometer for measuring light absorption by aerosol: instrument description. Atmos. Environ. 33, 2845- 2852.
    • Arnott, W. P., Moosmuller, H., Sheridan, P. J., Ogren, J. A., Raspet, R. and co-authors. 2003. Photoacoustic and filter-based ambient aerosol light absorption measurements: instrument comparisons and the role of relative humidity. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 108, 4034, doi:10.1029/2002JD002165.
    • Arnott, W. P., Walker, J. W., Moosmuller, H., Elleman, R. A., Jonsson, H. H. and co-authors. 2006. Photoacoustic insight for aerosol light absorption aloft from meteorological aircraft and comparison with particle soot absorption photometer measurements: DOE Southern Great Plains climate research facility and the coastal stratocumulus imposed perturbation experiments. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 111, D05S02, doi:10.1029/2005JD005964.
    • Babu, S. S. and Moorthy, K. K. 2002. Aerosol black carbon over a tropical coastal station in India. Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 2098, doi: 10.1029/2002GL05662.
    • Babu, S. S., Satheesh, S. K., Moorthy, K. K., Dutt, C. B. S., Nair, V. S. and co-authors. 2008. Aircraft measurements of aerosol black carbon from a coastal location in the north-east part of peninsular India during ICARB. J. Earth Sys. Sci. 117, 263-271.
    • Baron, P. A. and Willeke, K. 2001. Aerosol Measurements: Principles, Techniques and Applications. Wiley, New York.
    • Beegum, S. N., Moorthy, K. K., Babu, S. S., Satheesh, S. K., Vinoj, V. and co-authors. 2009. Spatial distribution of aerosol black carbon over India during pre-monsoon season. Atmos. Environ. 43, 1071-1078.
    • Chand, D., Wood, R., Anderson, T. L., Satheesh, S. K. and Charlson, R. J. 2009. Satellite-derived direct radiative effect of aerosols dependent on cloud cover. Nat. Geosci. 2, 181-184.
    • Chinnam, N., Dey, S., Tripathi, S. N. and Sharma, M. 2006. Dust events in Kanpur, northern India: chemical evidence for source and implications to radiative forcing. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L08803, doi:10.1029/2005GL025278.
    • CTCZ science plan. 2008. Indian Climate Research Programme. Govt. of India, Ministry of Science and Technology, India
    • Corrigan, C. E., Roberts, G. C., Ramana, M. V., Kim, D. and Ramanathan, V. 2008. Capturing vertical profiles of aerosols and black carbon over the Indian Ocean using autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles. Atm. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 8, 737-747.
    • Das, N., Baral, S. S., Sahoo, S. K., Mohapatra, R. K., Ramulu, T. S. and co-authors. 2009. Aerosol physical characteristics at Bhubaneswar, East coast of India. Atmos. Res. 93, 897-901.
    • Davies, D. K., Ilavajhala, S., Min Minnie, W. and Justice, C. O. 2009. Fire information for resource management system: archiving and distributing MODIS Active Fire Data. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 47, 72-79.
    • Dey, S. and Di Girolamo, L. 2010. A climatology of aerosol optical and microphysical properties over the Indian subcontinent from 9 years (2000-2008) of Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) data. J. Geophys. Res. 115, D15204, doi:10.1029/2009JD013395.
    • Dey, S. and Tripathi, S. N. 2007. Estimation of aerosol optical properties and radiative effects in the Ganga basin, northern India, during the wintertime. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D03203, doi:10.1029/2006JD007267.
    • Dey, S. and Tripathi, S. N. 2008. Aerosol direct radiative effects over Kanpur in the Indo-Gangetic basin, northern India: long-term (2001-2005) observations and implications to regional climate. J. Geophys. Res.- Atm. 113, D04212.
    • Dey, S., Tripathi, S. N., Singh, R. P. and Holben, B. N. 2004. Influence of dust storms on the aerosol optical properties over the Indo-Gangetic basin. J. Geophys. Res. 109, D20211, doi:10.1029/2004JD004924.
    • Dey, S., Tripathi, S. N. and Mishra, S. K. 2008. Probable mixing state of aerosols in the Indo-Gangetic Basin, northern India. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L03808, doi:10.1029/2007GL032622.
    • Draxler, R. R. and Hess, G. D. 1998. An overview of the HYSPLIT_4 modeling system of trajectories, dispersion, and deposition. Aust. Meteor. Mag., 47, 295-308.
    • Draxler, R. R. and Rolph, G. D. 2011. HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) model access via NOAA ARL READY Website (http://ready.arl.noaa.gov/HYSPLIT.php). NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.
    • Dumka, U. C., Moorthy, K. K., Pant, P., Hegde, P., Sagar, R. and coauthors. 2008. Physical and optical characteristics of atmospheric aerosols during ICARB at Manora Peak, Nainital: a sparsely inhabited, high-altitude location in the Himalayas. J. Earth Sys. Sci. 117, 399-405.
    • Fierz-Schmidhauser, R., Zieger, P., Wehrle, G., Jefferson, A., Ogren, J. A. and co-authors. 2009. Measurement of relative humidity dependent light scattering of aerosols. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3, 39-50.
    • Ganguly, D., Gadhavi, H., Jayaraman, A., Rajesh, T. A. and Misra, A. 2005. Single scattering albedo of aerosols over the central India: Implications for the regional aerosol radiative forcing. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L18803, doi:10.1029/2005GL023903.
    • Ganguly, D., Ginoux, P., Ramaswamy, V., Winker, D. M., Holben, B. N. and co-authors. 2009. Retrieving the composition and concentration of aerosols over the Indo-Gangetic basin using CALIOP and AERONET data. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L13806, doi: 10.1029/2009GL038315.
    • Gautam, R., Hsu, N. C., Kafatos, M. and Tsay, S. C. 2007. Influences of winter haze on fog/low cloud over the Indo-Gangetic plains. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D05207, doi: 10.1029/2005JD007036.
    • Gautam, R., Hsu, N. C., Lau, K. M. and Kafatos, M. 2009a. Aerosol and rainfall variability over the Indian monsoon region: distributions, trends and coupling. Annal. Geophys. 27, 3691- 3703.
    • Gautam, R., Hsu, N. C., Lau, K. M., Tsay, S. C. and Kafatos, M. 2009b. Enhanced pre-monsoon warming over the Himalayan-Gangetic region from 1979 to 2007. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, L07704, doi: 10.1029/2009GL037641.
    • Gautam, R., Hsu, N. C. and Lau, K. M. 2010. Premonsoon aerosol characterization and radiative effects over the Indo-Gangetic Plains: implications for regional climate warming. J. Geophys. Res. 115, D17208, doi:10.1029/2010JD013819.
    • Good, N., Coe, H. and McFiggans, G. 2010. Instrumentational operation and analytical methodology for the reconciliation of aerosol water uptake under sub- and supersaturated conditions. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3, 1241-1254.
    • Hahn, D. G. and Manabe, S. 1975. Role of mountains in south Asian monsoon circulation. J. Atmos. Sci. 32, 1515-1541.
    • Hess, M., Koepke, P. and Schult, I. 1998. Optical properties of aerosols and clouds: the software package OPAC. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 831-844.
    • IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
    • Jethva, H., Satheesh, S. K., Srinivasan, J. and Moorthy, K. K. 2009. How good is the assumption about visible surface reflectance in MODIS aerosol retrieval over land? A comparison with aircraft measurements over an urban site in India. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 47, 1990-1998.
    • Kahn, R. A., Nelson, D. L., Garay, M. J., Levy, R. C., Bull, M. A. and co-authors. 2009. MISR aerosol product attributes and statistical comparisons with MODIS. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 47, 4095-4114.
    • Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D. and co-authors. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 77, 437-471.
    • Kuhlmann, J. and Quaas, J. 2010. How can aerosols affect the Asian summer monsoon? Assessment during three consecutive pre-monsoon seasons from CALIPSO satellite data. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 10, 4673-4688.
    • Lau, K. M., Kim, M. K. and Kim, K. M. 2006. Asian summer monsoon anomalies induced by aerosol direct forcing: the role of the Tibetan Plateau. Clim. Dynam. 26, 855-864.
    • Lewis, K., Arnott, W. P., Moosmuller, H. and Wold, C. E. 2008. Strong spectral variation of biomass smoke light absorption and single scattering albedo observed with a novel dual-wavelength photoacoustic instrument. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmos. 113, D16203, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009699.
    • Lewis, K. A., Arnott, W. P., Moosmuller, H., Chakrabarty, R. K., Carrico, C. M. and co-authors. 2009. Reduction in biomass burning aerosol light absorption upon humidification: roles of inorganically-induced hygroscopicity, particle collapse, and photoacoustic heat and mass transfer. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 8949-8966.
    • Li, Z. Q., Xia, X. G., Cribb, M. R., Mi, W., Holben, B. and coauthors. 2007. Aerosol optical properties and their radiative effects in northern China. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmos. 112, D22S01, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007382.
    • Mahowald, N. M. and Dufresne, J. L. 2004. Sensitivity of TOMS aerosol index to boundary layer height: implications for detection of mineral aerosol sources. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L03103, doi:10.1029/2003GL018865.
    • McMurry, P. H., Wang, X., Park, K. and Ehara, K. 2002. The relationship between mass and mobility for atmospheric particles: a new technique for measuring particle density. Aerosol Sci. Technol. 36, 227- 238.
    • Mishra, S. K. and Tripathi, S. N. 2008. Modeling optical properties of mineral dust over the Indian Desert. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmos. 113, D23201, doi: 10.1029/2008JD010048.
    • Mishra, S. K., Dey, S. and Tripathi, S. N. 2009. Implications of particle composition and shape to dust radiative effect: a case study from the Great Indian Desert. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L23814, doi:10.1029/2008GL036058.
    • Moorthy, K. K., Babu, S. S. and Satheesh, S. K. 2005. Aerosol characteristics and radiative impacts over the Arabian Sea during the intermonsoon season: results from ARMEX field campaign. J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 192-206.
    • Moorthy, K. K., Nair, V. S., Babu, S. S. and Satheesh, S. K. 2009. Spatial and vertical heterogeneities in aerosol properties over oceanic regions around India: implications for radiative forcing. Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 135, 2131-2145.
    • Murugavel, P., Gopalakrishnan, V., Pant, V. and Kamra, A. K. 2008. Airborne measurements of submicron aerosols across the coastline at Bhubaneswar during ICARB. J. Earth Sys. Sci. 117, 273-280.
    • Nair, V. S., Moorthy, K. K., Alappattu, D. P., Kunhikrishnan, P. K., George, S. and co-authors. 2007. Wintertime aerosol characteristics over the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP): impacts of local boundary layer processes and long-range transport. J. Geophys. Res. 112, D13205, doi:10.1029/2006JD008099.
    • Niranjan, K., Madhavan, B. L. and Sreekanth, V. 2007. Micro pulse lidar observation of high altitude aerosol layers at Visakhapatnam located on the east coast of India. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L03815, doi: 10.1029/2006GL028199.
    • Pant, P., Hegde, P., Dumka, U. C., Sagar, R., Satheesh, S. K. and coauthors. 2006. Aerosol characteristics at a high-altitude location in central Himalayas: Optical properties and radiative forcing. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmos. 111, D17206, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006768.
    • Prospero, J. M., Ginoux, P., Torres, O., Nicholson, S. E. and Gill, T. E. 2002. Environmental characterization of global sources of atmospheric soil dust identified with the Nimbus 7 Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) absorbing aerosol product. Rev. Geophys. 40, 1002, doi: 10.1029/2000RG000095.
    • Ramachandran, S. and Kedia, S. 2010. Black carbon aerosols over an urban region: Radiative forcing and climate impact. J. Geophys. Res. 115, D10202, doi:10.1029/2009JD013560.
    • Ramanathan, V., Crutzen, P. J., Kiehl, J. T. and Rosenfeld, D. 2001. Atmosphere-aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle. Science 294, 2119-2124.
    • Ramanathan, V., Chung, C., Kim, D., Bettge, T., Buja, L. and co-authors. 2005. Atmospheric brown clouds: impacts on South Asian climate and hydrological cycle. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 5326-5333.
    • Ramana, M. V., Ramanathan, V., Podgorny, I. A., Pradhan, B. B. and Shrestha, B. 2004. The direct observations of large aerosol radiative forcing in the Himalayan region. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L05111, doi:10.1029/2003GL018824.
    • Remer, L. A., Kleidman, R. G., Levy, R. C., Kaufman, Y. J., TanreĀ“, D. and co-authors. 2008. Global aerosol climatology from the MODIS satellite sensors. J. Geophys. Res. 113, D14S07, doi:10.1029/2007JD009661.
    • Ricchiazzi, P., Yang, S. R., Gautier, C. and Sowle, D. 1998. SBDART: a research and teaching software tool for plane-parallel radiative transfer in the Earth's atmosphere. B. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 2101-2114.
    • Sagar, R., Kumar, B., Dumka, U. C., Moorthy, K. K. and Pant, P. 2004. Characteristics of aerosol spectral optical depths over Manora Peak: a high-altitude station in the central Himalayas. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmos. 109, D06207, doi: 10.1029/2003JD003954.
    • Satheesh, S. K., Moorthy, K. K., Babu, S. S., Vinoj, V. and Dutt, C. B. S. 2008. Climate implications of large warming by elevated aerosol over India. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19809, doi: 10.1029/2008GL034944.
    • Satheesh, S. K., Moorthy, K. K., Babu, S. S., Vinoj, V., Nair, V. S. and coauthors. 2009. Vertical structure and horizontal gradients of aerosol extinction coefficients over coastal India inferred from airborne lidar measurements during the Integrated Campaign for Aerosol, Gases and Radiation Budget (ICARB) field campaign. J. Geophys. Res.- Atm. 114, D05204, doi: 10.1029/2008JD011033.
    • Sikka, D. R. 1997. Desert climate and its dynamics. Current Science 72, 35-46.
    • Singh, R. P., Dey, S., Tripathi, S. N., Tare, V. and Holben, B. 2004. Variability of aerosol parameters over Kanpur, northern India. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmos. 109, D23206, doi:10.1029/2004JD004966.
    • Tripathi, S. N., Dey, S., Tare, V., Satheesh, S. K., Lal, S. and co-authors. 2005. Enhanced layer of black carbon in a north Indian industrial city. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L12802, doi: 10.1029/2005GL022564.
    • Tripathi, S. N., Tare, V., Chinnam, N., Srivastava, A. K., Dey, S. and co-authors. 2006. Measurements of atmospheric parameters during Indian Space Research Organization Geosphere Biosphere Programme Land Campaign II at a typical location in the Ganga basin: 1. Physical and optical properties. J. Geophys. Res. 111, D23209, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007278.
    • Tripathi, S. N., Srivastava, A. B. K., Dey, S., Satheesh, S. K. and Krishnamoorthy, K. 2007. The vertical profile of atmospheric heating rate of black carbon aerosols at Kanpur in northern India. Atmos. Environ. 41, 6909-6915.
    • Twomey, S. 1974. Pollution and planetary albedo. Atmos. Environ. 8, 1251-1256.
    • Vadrevu, K. P., Badarinath, K. V. S. and Anuradha, E. 2008. Spatial patterns in vegetation fires in the Indian region. Environ. Monit. Assess. 147, 1-13.
    • Venkataraman, C., Habib, G., Kadamba, D., Shrivastava, M., Leon, J. F. and co-authors. 2006. Emissions from open biomass burning in India: integrating the inventory approach with high-resolution Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) activefire and land cover data. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 20, GB2013, doi: 10.1029/2005GB002547.
    • Wang, C., Kim, D., Ekman, A. M. L., Barth, M. C. and Rasch, P. J. 2009. Impact of anthropogenic aerosols on Indian summer monsoon. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, doi:10.1029/2009GL040114.
    • Yadav, S. and Rajamani, V. 2004. Geochemistry of aerosols of northwestern part of India adjoining the Thar Desert. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68, 1975-1988.
    • Winker, D. M., Hunt, W. H. and Hostetler, C. A. 2004. Status and performance of the CALIOP lidar. Proc. SPIE 5575, 8-15.
    • Yadav, S. and Rajamani, V. 2004. Geochemistry of aerosols of northwestern part of India adjoining the Thar desert. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 68, 1975-1988.
    • Zhu, L., Martins, J. V. and Remer, L. A. 2011. Biomass burning aerosol absorption measurements with MODIS using the critical reflectance method. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D07202, doi:10.1029/2010JD015187.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from