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Asp, Nils-Georg (2002)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Food & Nutrition Research
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
"Functional food" continues to be a highly interesting and much debated issue, with regard to scientific support, business potential, and importance for health and well-being. Problems with delimiting the concept can be overcome by regarding functional foods as foods with health claims. Various types of claim then have to be defined, as well as requirements for their scientific documentation. Such definitions are currently emerging internationally within Codex Alimentarius and within the European Commission. Guidelines on scientific substantiation have been issued within the Council of Europe, and the development of criteria for the scientific support of claims is focused on within the EC Fifth Framework concerted action project ‘‘Process for the Assessment of Scientific Support for Claims’’ (PASSCLAIM). The Swedish Code on health claims, effective since 1990 regarding generic claims in two steps and extended in 2001 to ‘‘product-specific phy siological claims’’, is in line with these developments. Keywords: Functional foods, health benefits, substantiation of claims.
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    • 3. Swedish Nutrition Foundation. Health claims in the labelling and marketing of food products. The food industry's rules (self-regulating programme) SNF, Ideon, SE-22370 Lund, Sweden.
    • 4. Swedish Nutrition Foundation: Proposal for extension of the Swedish Code on health claims to functional food products. Scand J Nutr 1998;42:119.
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    • 7. Council of Europe. Technical document. Guidelines concerning scientiŽc substantiation of health-related claims for functional food, 2 July 2001 (www.coe.fr: soc-sp).
    • 8. Joint Health Claims Initiative. UK Code of Practice on health claims on foods, 2000 (http:::www.jhci.co.uk).
    • 9. Health Canada. Consultation Document: Standards of evidence for evaluating foods with health claims. A proposed framework. Ottawa: Health Canada; 2000 (http::www.hc-sc.gc.ca:food-aliment:English:subjects: health -claims:Consultation -doc- en.pdf).
    • 10. Health Canada. Product-speciŽc authorization of health claims for foods. A proposed regulatory framework. Ottawa: Health Canada; October 2001.
    • 11. Australia New Zealand Food Authority. Review of health and related claims, full assessment report proposal P153 and pilot for management of framework for health claims draft inquiry report proposal P170. ANZFA Canberra and Wellington; 2000 (http::www. anzfa.gov.au :documents:information - circular -02-01: p153.pdf).
    • 12. Commission of the European Communities. Draft proposal for regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on nutrition, functional and health claims made on foods. Working document SANCO:1832:2002.
    • 13. PASSCLAIM - Process for the Assessment of ScientiŽc Support for Claims on Foods. European Commission concerted action organized by ILSI Europe; 2002 (http: ::europe.ilsi.org).
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