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Johnson, Suzanne; Martin, David; Sarin, Christopher (2002)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: cross-sectional studies (MeSH), diabetes mellitus (MeSH), Indians, North American (MeSH), prevalence (MeSH)
Objectives: To describe the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the on-reserve Status Indian population of British Columbia based on a survey conducted in 1997 and to compare these rates with previous surveys carried out in 1987, 1992 and 1995. Study Design: Survey questionnaires were distributed to health centres, health stations and nursing stations providing health services to the 198 First Nations reserves in British Columbia. Results: Data were received from 82 of 198 First Nations communities(41%) representing 24,407(45% )of the on-reserve population of the province(53,893). A total of 636 cases of diabetes were identified. Seventy-seven percent of cases were age 35 plus. The overall prevalence in 1997 was 2.6% for all ages combined, more than doubled from 1.2% in 1987. First Nation’s men and women 35 and older when compared to the general population by indirect age-standardization experienced a higher prevalence ratiomales 1.27, 95% CI 1.22,1.40 and females 2.53, 95% CI: 2.77,2.58. Among those with diabetes for >20 years, 62.5% used insulin compared to 13% who had the disease.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2002; 61(3):260-264)Keywords: cross-sectional studies (MeSH), diabetes mellitus (MeSH), Indians, North American (MeSH), prevalence (MeSH)

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