Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Chaucheyras-Durand, Frédérique; Fonty, Gérard (2011)
Publisher: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Journal: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Languages: English
Types: Article

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: parasitic diseases, animal diseases, animal structures, food and beverages, respiratory system
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a probiotic, Saccharomyces cerevisiae I-1077 (Levucell®SC), on microbial colonization of the rumen of newborn lambs. Results from two experiments, both including 12 lambs, half of lambs receiving daily 0.2 g of Levucell®SC, are reported. The yeast tended to stimulate growth of cellulolytic bacteria. These species were present earlier and their numbers were higher in SC lambs than in controls. Establishment of protozoa also took place earlier in the rumen of lambs receiving SC daily. During the first week after birth and when lambs began to ingest solid feed, the physico-chemical and fermentative parameters were altered in the rumen of lambs, which had received yeast, suggesting more efficient fermentation processes. These effects were partly due to the oxygen-scavenging capacity of SC, which was characterized by lower redox potential in the rumen of SC lambs. These results represent good arguments to suggest that this probiotic may be able to accelerate the functionality, or improve the stability of the rumen ecosystem in young ruminants.Keywords: establishment of microorganisms, fermentations, lambs, probiotic, rumen, Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Huber JT. Probiotics in cattle. In: Fuller R, ed. Probiotics: Applications and Practical Aspects. London: Chapman and Hall, 1997: 162 - 86.
    • 2. Wallace RJ, Newbold CJ. Rumen fermentation and its manipulation: the development of yeast cultures as feed additives. In: Lyons TP, ed. Biotechnology in the Feed Industry. Nicholasville, KY: Alltech Technical Publications, 1993: 173 - 92.
    • 3. Fallon RJ, Harte FJ. The effect of yeast culture inclusion in the concentrate diet on calf performance. J Dairy Sci 1987; 70 (Suppl 1): 119.
    • 4. Kmet V, Jonecova Z, Bomba A, Nemcova R. Stimulation of the development of micro ora in calves with microbial preparations. Zivocisna Vyoba 1988; 33: 23 - 6.
    • 5. Lee RW, Botts RL. Evaluation of single oral dosing and continuous feeding of Streptococcus faecium M74 (Syntabac) on performance in incoming feedlot cattle. J Anim Sci 1988; 66 (Suppl. 1): 460.
    • 6. Jenny BF, Vandijk HJ, Collins JA. Performance and fecal ora of calves fed a Bacillus subtilis concentrate. J Dairy Sci 1991; 74 (6): 1968 - 73.
    • 7. Beharka AA, Nagaraja TG, Morrill JL. Performance and ruminal function development of young calves fed diets with Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract. J Dairy Sci 1991; 74: 436 - 43.
    • 8. Chaucheyras-Durand F, Fonty G, Bertin G. Gnotobiotic lambs: a powerful tool for studying the effects on microbial activities of Saccharomyces cerevisiae I-1077, a probiotic yeast used in ruminant nutrition. Micr Ecol Health Dis 1999; 11 (2): 101.
    • 9. Fonty G, Gouet P, Jouany JP, Se´naud J. Establishment of the micro ora and anaerobic fungi in the rumen of lambs. J Gen Microbiol 1987; 133: 1835- 43.
    • 10. Fonty G, Se´naud J, Jouany JP, Gouet P. Establishment of ciliate protozoa in the rumen of conventional and conventionalized lambs: in uence of diet and management conditions. Can J Microbiol 1988; 34: 235- 41.
    • 11. Bryant MP, Burkey LA. Cultural methods and some characteristics of some of the more numerous groups of bacteria in the bovine rumen. J Dairy Sci 1953; 36: 205- 17.
    • 12. Hungate RE. A roll tube method for the cultivation of strict anaerobes. In: Norris JR, Ribbons DW, eds. Methods in Microbiology, vol. 3B. London: Academic Press, 1960: 117 - 32.
    • 13. Clarke KR, Owens NJP. A simple and versatile micro-computer program for the determination of 'Most Probable Number'. J Microbiol Methods 1983; 1: 133 - 7.
    • 14. Durand-Chaucheyras F, Fonty G, Bertin G, The´veniot M, Gouet P. Fate of Levucell® SC I-1077 yeast additive during digestive transit in lambs. Reprod Nutr Dev 1998; 38: 275- 80.
    • 15. Van Eenaeme C, Bienfait JM, Lambot O, Pondant A. De´termination automatique de l'ammoniaque dans le liquide du rumen par la me´thode de Berthelot adapte´e a` l'autoanalyzer. Ann Med Vet 1969; 7: 419 - 25.
    • 16. Jouany JP. Volatile fatty acid and alcohol determination in digestive contents, silage juices, bacterial cultures and anaerobic fermentor content. Sci Alim 1982; 2: 131 - 44.
    • 17. Minato H, Otsuka M, Shirasaka S, Itabashi H, Mitsumori M. Colonisation of microorganisms in the rumen of young calves. J Gen Microbiol 1992; 38: 447 - 56.
    • 18. Fonty G, Jouany JP, Se´naud J, Gouet P, Grain J. The evolution of micro ora, microfauna and digestion in the rumen of lambs from birth to 4 months. Can J Anim Sci (Suppl) 1984; 64: 165- 6.
    • 19. Mathieu F, Jouany JP, Bohatier J, Bertin G, Mercier M. The effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Aspergillus oryzae on fermentations in the rumen of faunated and defaunated sheep; protozoal and probiotic interactions. Reprod Nutr Dev 1996; 36: 271 - 87.
    • 20. Chaucheyras F. Effets de deux souches de Saccharomyces cerevisiae, utilise´es comme additif alimentaire chez le ruminant, sur l'activite´ in vitro de quelques microorganismes du rumen. PhD Thesis University of Clermont-Ferrand II, 1995; no. 129.
    • 21. Newbold CJ, Wallace RJ, Chen XB, McIntosh FM. Different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae differ in their effects on ruminal bacterial numbers in vitro and in sheep. J Anim Sci 1995; 73: 1811 - 8.
    • 22. Ellis JA, Williams AG, Lloyd D. Oxygen consumption by ruminal microorganisms: protozoal and bacterial contributions. Appl Env Microbiol 1989; 55 (10): 2583 - 7.
    • 23. Chaucheyras F, Fonty G, Bertin G, Gouet P. Effects of live Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells on zoospore germination, growth, and cellulolytic activity on the rumen anaerobic fungus Neocallimastix frontalis. Curr Microbiol 1995a; 31: 201 - 5.
    • 24. Chaucheyras F, Fonty G, Bertin G, Gouet P. In vitro H2-utilization by a ruminal acetogenic bacterium cultivated alone or in association with an archaea methanogen is stimulated by a probiotic strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Appl Env Microbiol 1995b; 61 (9): 3466 - 7.
    • 25. Wallace RJ. Ruminal microbial metabolism of peptides and aminoacids. J Nutr 1996; 126: 1326 - 34.
    • 26. Williams PEV, Newbold CJ. Rumen probiosis: the effects of novel microorganisms on rumen fermentation and ruminant productivity. In: Haresign W, Cole DJA, eds. Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. London: Butterworths, 1990: 211 - 27.
    • 27. Wardrop ID, Coombe JB. The development of rumen function in the lamb. Aust J Agric Sci 1960;661 - 80.
    • 28. Fonty G, Jouany JP, Thivend P, Gouet P, Se´naud J. A descriptive study of rumen digestion in meroxenic lambs according to the nature and complexity of the micro ora. Reprod Nutr Dev 1983; 23 (5): 857 - 73.
    • 29. Erasmus LJ, Botha PM, Kistner A. Effect of yeast culture supplement on production, rumen fermentation, and duodenal nitrogen ow in dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 1992; 75: 3056 - 65.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from