LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Taylor, Arnold H.; Stephens, John A. (2011)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
The physical processes determining the path of the Gulf Stream as it leaves the continentalshelf of the USA are complex and involved. Understanding these processes is important toglobal climate studies because the Gulf Stream plays a major rôle in the distribution of heatin the northern hemisphere. Here we show that during the last 3 decades, the latitude of theGulf Stream has been clearly correlated with the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO); high valuesof the NAO index, which correspond to stronger westerly and trade winds, favouring morenortherly paths of the Stream about 2 years later. The time-delay may be associated with theadjustment time of this part of the ocean circulation. If allowance is made for persistence ofthe Gulf Stream position from one year to the next, more than half the interannual variationin the position can be predicted.DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0870.1998.00010.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Barnston, A. G. and Livezey, R. E. 1987. Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns. Mon. Weather Rev. 115, 1083-1126.
    • Cornillon, P. 1992. Gulf Stream. In: Encyclopedia of earth system science, vol. 2. Academic Press Inc., 465-480.
    • Cornillon, P. and Gangopadhyay, A. 1991. Why does the Gulf Stream leave the coast at Cape Hatteras? Maritimes 35, 13-15.
    • Craddock, J. 1973. Problems and prospects for eigenvector analysis in meteorology. T he Statistician 22, 133-145.
    • Cronin, M., Carter, E. and Watts, D. R. 1992. Prediction of the Gulf Stream path from upstream parameters. J. Geophys. Res. 97(C5), 7257-7269.
    • Dickson, R. R., Meincke, J., Malmberg, S-A. and Lee, A. J. 1988. The ''Great salinity anomaly'' in the northern North Atlantic 1968-1982. Prog. Oceanog. 20, 103-151.
    • Drinkwater, K. F., Myers, R. A., Pettipas, R. G. and Wright, T. L. 1994. Climatic data for the northwest Atlantic: the position of the shelf/slope front and the northern boundary of the Gulf stream between 50°W and 75°W, 1973-1992. Can. Data Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci. 125, 103 p.
    • Frid, C. L. J. and Huliselan, N. V. 1996. Far field control of long term changes in Northumberland (NW North Sea) coastal zooplankton. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 53, 972-977.
    • Furnes, G. K. 1992. Climatic variations of oceanographic processes in the north European seas: a review of the 1970s and 1980s. Cont. Shelf Res. 12, 235-256.
    • Gangopadhyay, A., Cornillon, P. and Watts, R. D. 1992. A test of the Parsons-Veronis hypothesis on the separation of the Gulf Stream. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 22, 1286-1301.
    • George, D. G. and Taylor, A. H. 1995. UK lake plankton and the Gulf Stream. Nature 378, 139.
    • Glenn, S. M. and Robinson, A. R. 1995. Verification of an operational Gulf Stream forecasting model. In: Quantitative skill assessment for coastal ocean models (ed. D. R. Lynch and A. M. Davies). Coastal and Estuarine Studies 47, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 469-499.
    • Haidvogel, D. B. and Bryan, F. O. 1992. Ocean general circulation modeling. In: Climate system modeling (ed. K. E. Trenberth). Cambridge University Press, 371-412.
    • Hays, G. C., Carr, M. C. and Taylor, A. H. 1993. The relationship between Gulf Stream position and copepod abundance derived from the Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey: separating biological signal from sampling noise. J. Plankt. Res. 15, 1359-1373.
    • Hurrell, J. W. 1995. Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: regional temperatures and precipitation. Science 269, 676-679.
    • Ikeda, M. 1990. Decadal oscillations of the air-ice-ocean system in the Northern Hemisphere. Atmos.-Ocean 28, 106-139.
    • Kendall, M. G. and Stuart, A. 1966. T he advanced theory of statistics, vol. 3. Charles GriYn and Company Ltd, London, 552 pp.
    • Miller, J. L. 1994. Fluctuations of Gulf Stream position between Cape Hatteras and the Straits of Florida. J. Geophys. Res. 99(C3), 5057-5064.
    • Niiler, P. P. and Robinson, A. R. 1967. The theory of free inertial jets, II. A numerical experiment for the path of the Gulf Stream. T ellus 19, 601-619.
    • Parsons, A. T. 1969. A two-layer model of Gulf Stream separation. J. Fluid. Mech. 39, 511-528.
    • Pedlosky, J. 1987. On Parson's model of the ocean circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 17, 1571-1582.
    • Quenouille, M. H. 1952. Associated measurements. Butterworth, London. Robinson, A. R. and Niiler, P. P. 1967. The theory of free inertial jets, I. Path and structure. T ellus 19, 269-291.
    • Robinson, A. R. and Niiler, P. P. 1967. The theory of free inertial jets, I. Path and structure. T ellus 19, 269-291.
    • Rogers, J. C. 1984. The association between the North Atlantic Oscillation and the Southern Oscillation in the Northern Hemisphere. Mon. Weath. Rev. 112, 1999-2015.
    • Siedler, G. 1983. Tropical and equatorial regions. In: Eddies in marine science (ed. A. R. Robinson). SpringerVerlag, 181-199.
    • Stommel, H. 1958. T he Gulf Stream. University of California Press, Berkeley, 248 pp.
    • Taylor, A. H. 1995. North-south shifts of the Gulf Stream and their climatic connection with the abundance of zooplankton in the UK and its surrounding seas. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 52, 711-721.
    • Taylor, A. H. 1996. North-south shifts of the Gulf Stream: ocean-atmosphere interactions in the North Atlantic. Intl. J. Climatol 16, 559-583.
    • Taylor, A. H. and Stephens, J. A. 1980. Latitudinal displacements of the Gulf Stream (1966 to 1977) and their relation to changes in temperature and zooplankton abundance in the NE Atlantic. Oceanol. Acta 3, 145-149.
    • Taylor, A. H., Colebrook, J. M., Stephens, J. A., Baker, N. G. 1992. Latitudinal displacements of the Gulf Stream and the abundance of plankton in the northeast Atlantic. J. Mar. Biol Ass. 72, 919-921.
    • Tracy, K. L. and Watts, D. R. 1986. On Gulf Stream meander characteristics near Cape Hatteras. J. Geophys. Res. 91, 7587-7602.
    • Vazquez, J. and Watts, D. R. 1985. Observations on the propagation, growth, and predictability of gulf Stream meanders. J. Geophys. Res. 90, 7143-7151.
    • Veronis, G. 1973. Model of world ocean (I). Wind-driven, two-layer. J. Mar. Res. 31, 228-288.
    • Warren, B. A. 1963. Topographic influences on the path of the Gulf Stream. T ellus 15, 167-183.
    • Watts, D. R. 1983. Gulf Stream variability. In: Eddies in marine science (ed. A. R. Robinson). Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 114-144.
    • Willis, A. J., Dunnett, N. P., Hunt, R. and Grime, J. P. 1995 Does Gulf Stream position aVect vegetation dynamics in Western Europe? Oikos 73, 408-410.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from