Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
George, M. Anne (2012)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: ethics, research, Canada, Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, Nunavut
Objectives. This article describes the review processes required for research being conducted in Canada’s 3 northern territories. When conducting research involving human subjects in northern Canada, researchers must go through a 2-step process by submitting protocols to both their university or hospital ethics review boards as well as to northern research institutions. Canada’s northern territorial governments have requirements for attaining licensure before any research can be conducted. Methods. A document review was the method used to gather data, and an Internet search of the literature and documents was conducted to gather information. Results. Generally, university and hospital-based ethics review boards have been concerned with the rights of individuals in research. Northern Canadian research protocols require review by territorial government institutions and communities with respect to community rights. Conclusions. The 3 territorial governments of northern Canada take the concept of community and individual participation in research seriously and have enacted processes so that opportunities for such approaches to research are ensured.(Int J Circumpolar Health 2011; 70(4):354-362)Keywords: ethics, research, Canada, Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, Nunavut
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. Consolidated Statues of Newfoundland and Labrador. An act to establish a health research ethics authority for the province Newfoundland and Labrador. S.N.L. 2006, cH-1.2 [cited 2011 Aug 15].Available from: http://www. canlii.org/en/nl/index.html.
    • 2. Pahl J, Netten A. Ethics Review in Social Care Research: Option Appraisal, Estimated Costings and Guidelines for Working. London: Department of Health; 2004. 38 p.
    • 3. World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principals for research involving human subjects.As amended in Seoul, 2008. Ferney-Voltaire, France:The Association; 2008 [cited 2010 Nov 23). Available from: http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html.
    • 4. Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans. Ottawa, Government of Canada; December 2010 [cited 2011 Sept 6]. Available from: http://www.pre.ethics.gc.ca/pdf/eng/tcps2/TCPS_ 2_FINAL_Web.pdf.
    • 5. Flicker S,Travers R, Guta A, McDonald S, Meagher A. Ethical dilemmas in community-based participatory research: recommendations for institutional review boards. J Urban Health 2007;84(4):478-493.
    • 6. Minkler M. Ethical challenges for the “outside” researcher in community-based participatory research. Health Educ Behav 2004;31(6):684-697.
    • 7. Evans M. Ethics, anonymity, and authorship in community centred research or anonymity and the Island Cache. Pimatisiwin: A Journal of Aboriginal and Indigenous Community Health 2004;2(1):59-75.
    • 8. Minkler M. Ethical challenges for the “outside” researcher in community-based participatory research. Health Educ Behav 2004;31(6):684-697.
    • 9. Green LW. Ethics and community-based participatory research: commentary on Minkler. Health Educ Behav 2004;31(6):698-701.
    • 10. Khanlou N, Peter E. Participatory action research: considerations for ethical review. Social Sci Med 2005;60(10): 2333-2340.
    • 11. Minkler M, Fadem P, Perry M, Blum K, Moore L, Rogers J. Ethical dilemmas in participatory action research: a case study from the disability community. Health Educ Behav 2002;29(1):14-29.
    • 12. Seedhouse D. Health promotion's ethical challenge. Health Promot J Aust 2001;12:135-138.
    • 13. Manderson L,Wilson RP. Negotiating with communities: the politics and ethics of research. Hum Organ 1998;57 (2):215-237.
    • 14. Schnarch B. (2004). Ownership, control, access and possession (OCAP) or self-determination applied to research. Journal of Aboriginal Heath 2004;1(1):80-95.
    • 15. Ermine W, Sinclaire R, Jeffery B. The ethics of research involving Indigenous people. Report of the Indigenous Peoples Health Research Center to the Interagency Advisory Panel on Research Ethics. Saskatoon: Indigenous Peoples Health Research Centre; 2004. 272 p.
    • 16. Brant Castellano M. Ethics of Aboriginal research. Journal of Aboriginal Health 2004;1:98-114.
    • 17. Ten Fingers K. Rejecting, revitalizing, and reclaiming: First Nations work to set the direction of research and policy development. Can J Public Health 2005:96(Suppl 1): S60-S63.
    • 18. Norton IM, Manson SM. Research in American Indian and Alaska Native communities: navigating the cultural universe of values and process. J Consult Clin Psychol 1996;64(5):856-860.
    • 19. Gunsalus CK. The nanny state meets the inner lawyer: overregulating while underprotecting human participants in research. Ethics Behav 2004;14(4):369-382.
    • 20. Downie J, Cottrell B. Community-based research ethics review: reeflctions on experience and recommenda - tions for action. Health Law Rev 2001;10(1):8-17.
    • 21. Burman WJ, Reves RR, Cohn DL, Schooley RT. Breaking the camel's back: multicenter clinical trials and local institutional review boards. Ann Intern Med 2001;134(2):152-157.
    • 22. Weijer C. Protecting communities in research: philosophical and pragmatic challenges. Camb Q Healthc Ethics 1999;8(4):501-513.
    • 23. O'Neill, P. Communities, collectivities, and the ethics of research. Canadian J Commun Ment Health 1998;17(2): 67-78.
    • 24. National Health & Medical Research Council.Values and ethics: guidelines for ethical conduct in Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander health research. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; 2003. 24 p.
    • 25. Kaufert J, Commanda L, Elias B, Grey R,Young TK, Masuzumi B. Evolving participation of Aboriginal communities in health research ethics review: the impact of the Inuvik workshop. Int J Circumpolar Health 1999;58(2):34-44.
    • 26. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). (2010). CIHR guidelines for health research involving Aboriginal peoples. Ottawa: Canadian Institutes of Health Research; 2010 [cited 2010 Nov 23].Available from: http:// www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/29134.html.
    • 27. Yukon Territory. Revised Statutes of the Yukon, 2002 (RSY 2002). Yukon Scientists and Explorers Act. RSY 2002, c200.
    • 28. North West Territories. Revised Statutes of North West Territories, 1988. Consolidation of Scientists Act R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c.S-4.
    • 29. Government of Nunavut. Consolidated Statutes of Nunavut. Scientists Act, R.S.N.W.T. (Nu.) 1988, c. S-4. [cited 2010 Nov 23]. Available from: http://www.canlii. org/en/nu/laws/
    • 30. Aurora Research Institute. Doing research in the Northwest Territories:a guide for researchers. Inuvik: Aurora Research Institute, Aurora College; 1996, revised 2010 [cited 2010 Nov 23]. Available from: http://www. nwtresearch.ca/docs/guide/doing-research-in-thenorthwest-territories.pdf. [Author: please check if this is the right link]
    • 31. Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies (ACUNS). Ethical principles for the conduct of research in the North. Ottawa:Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies; 2003 [cited 2010 Nov 23]. Available from: http://acuns.ca/website/wpcontent/uploads/2010/09/EthicsEnglishmarch2003.pdf.
    • 32. Masuzumi B, Quirk S. A participatory research process for Dene/Metis communities: exploring communitybased research concerns for Aboriginal northerners. Yellowknife: Dene Nation; 1993. 16 p.
    • 33. Inuit Tapirit Kanatami and Nunavut Research Institute. Negotiating research relationships with Inuit communities: a guide for researchers. Nickels S, Jamal S, Laidler G, editors. Ottawa and Iqaluit: Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and Nunavut Research Institute; 2007.Available from: http:// www.itk.ca/publications/negotiating-research-relationships-inuit-communities-guide-researchers.
    • 34. Yukon Tourism and Culture. Guidebook on scienticfi re - search in the Yukon.Whitehorse: Government of Yukon; 2008 [cited 2010 Nov 23]. Available from: www.tc.gov. yk.ca/pdf/science_research_guidelines.pdf.
    • 35. Government of Canada. International Polar Year. Research licensing. Ottawa: Government of Canada; 2010 [cited 2010 Nov 23].Available from: http://www.ipy-api. gc.ca/pg_IPYAPI_065-eng.html.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from