Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Duce, Robert A.; Woodcock, Alfred H.; Moyers, Jarvis L. (2011)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article
During the summer of 1966, size fractions of sea-salt particles were collected in the marine atmosphere using a six-stage cascade impactor mounted on a tower 14 meters above the windward shoreline near Hilo, Hawaii. The particle sizes collected varied from essentially all particles of unit density with radii greater than 10 microns on the first stage to all particles with radii of approximately 0.3 microns on the sixth stage. The use of the tower assured that no local surf spray would be collected by the impactor while sampling during onshore trade wind flow. Iodine, bromine, and chlorine analyses were performed on eight sets of samples by neutron activation. The I/Cl ratio showed a regular increase by a factor of 50 to 100 from the largest to the smallest particles. On the smallest particles this ratio was approximately a thousand times that in sea water. The Br/Cl ratio showed a minimum at intermediate particle sizes, with a majority of the values below the sea water ratio. Most of the iodine mass was found on particles with radii of approximately 0.6 microns, whereas the majority of the chlorine and bromine was on particles with radii between 1.25 and 2.5 microns. This information provides a possible method for tracing the role of sea-salt nuclei in precipitation processes, and may be used to gain new insight into the cycle of the halogens between the atmosphere and the sea.DOI: 10.1111/j.2153-3490.1967.tb01492.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Baylor, E. R., Sutcliffe, W. H. & Hirschfeld, D. S. 1962. Adsorption of phosphates onto bubbles. Deep Sea Reaearch 9, 120-124.
    • Blanchard, D. C. 1963. The electrification of the atmosphere by particles from bubbles in the sea. Progress i n Oceanography. 1, 71-202. Pergamon Press, New York.
    • Blanchard, D. C. 1964. Sea-to-air transport of surface active material. Science 146, 396-397.
    • Bolin, B. 1959. Note on the exchange of iodine between the atmosphere, land, and sea. Inter. J . of Air Pollution 2, 127-131.
    • Dean, G. A. 1963. The iodine content of some New Zealand drinking waters with a note on the contribution from sea spray to the iodine in rain. New Zealand J , Sci. 6,208-214.
    • Duce, R. A. Wasson, J. T., Winchester, J. W. & Burns, F. 1963. Atmospheric iodine, bromine, and chlorine. J. Geophye. Rea. 68, 3943-3947.
    • Duce, R. A. & Winchester, J. W. 1965. Determination of iodine, bromine, and chlorine in atmospheric samples by neutron activation. Radiochim. Acta. 4, 100-104.
    • Duce, R. A., Winchester, J. W. & Van Nahl, T. W. 1965. Iodine, bromine, and chlorine in the Hawaiian marine atmosphere. J. Geophya. Rea. 70, 1775-1799.
    • Duce, R. A., Winchester, J. W. & Van Nahl, T. W. 1966. Iodine, bromine, and chlorine in winter aerosols and snow from Barrow, Alaska. Tellue 18, 238-248.
    • Eriksson, E. 1960. The yearly circulation of chloride and sulfur in nature; meteorological, geochemical, and pedological implications, 2. Tellua 12, 63-109.
    • Heymann, J. A. 1927. Het Jodiumgehalte van duinen regenwater. Nederland. Tijdachr. Cfeneeskunde 71, 640-646.
    • Junge, C. E. 1957. Chemical analysis of aerosol particles and of gas traces on the island of Hawaii. Tellua 9, 528-537.
    • Komabayasi, M. 1962. Enrichment of inorganic ions with increasing atomic weight in aerosol, rainwater, and snow in comparison with sea water. J . Meteorol. SOCJ.apan 40, 25-38.
    • MacIntyre, F. 1965. Ion fractionation in d r o p from breaking bubble8 (Ph.D. thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge.
    • May, K. R. 1945. The cascade impactor: an instrument for sampling coarse aerosols. J . Sci. Inetrumenta 22, 187-195.
    • Mitchell, R. I. & Pilcher, J. M. 1959. Improved cascade impactor for measuring aerosol particle size. Ind. Eng. Chem. 51, 1039-1042.
    • Miyake, Y. & Tsunogai, S. 1963. Evaporation of iodine from the ocean. J . Geophye. Res. 68, 3989-3994.
    • Ranz, W. E. & Wong, J. B. 1952. Impaction of dust and smoke particles on surface and body collectors. Ind. Eng. Chem. 44, 1371-1381.
    • Turner, J. S. 1955. The salinity of rainfall as a function of drop size. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. SOC. 81, 418-429.
    • Wilson, A. T. 1959. Surface of the ocean as a source of air-borne nitrogenom material and other plant nutrients. Nature 184, 99-101.
    • Woodcock, A. H. 1962. Atmospheric salt particles and raindrops. J . Meteorol. 9, 200-212.
    • Woodcock, A. H. & Blanchard, D. C. 1955. Tests of the salt nuclei hypothesis of rain formation. Tellue 7 , 437-448.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from