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Miyama, Takafumi; Kominami, Yuji; Tamai, Koji; Goto, Yishiaki; Kawahara, Teruhiko; Jomura, Mayuko; Dannoura, Masako (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
The Yamashiro Experimental Forest is a broad-leaved secondary forest in Kyoto, Japan. On its complex terrain, low wind speed, high air stability, and local advection are common at night. To reduce the uncertainty in measuring woody-tissue respiration at night, we used automated stem chambers to measure stem respiration continuously (for 5 min at 30 min intervals) on stems of Quercus serrataMurr. (deciduous) and Ilex pedunculosa Miq. (evergreen) throughout 2003. Using these data, we estimated night-time respiration for the total ecosystem and its various components, and we report foliar and soil respiration rates for 2003. Annual average night-time respiration of soil, evergreen leaf, deciduous leaf, evergreen woody tissue and deciduous woody tissue were estimated as 0.0794 (63.2%), 0.0101 (8.0%), 0.0160 (12.7%), 0.0064 (5.1%) and 0.0137 (10.9%) mg CO2 m−2 s−1, respectively. The contribution of soil respiration to the total ecosystem respiration rate reached its minimum (49.1%) on 12 June (DOY 163) and its maximum (82.4%) on 29 November (DOY 333). Seasonal change of growth respiration was marked, indicating that the seasonal variation of growth respiration must be evaluated carefully to estimate total ecosystem respiration. Therefore, long-term continuous measurement using automated chambers and averaging provides an effective means of evaluating the annual night-time ecosystem respiration.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2006.00207.x
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