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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Lundberg, Peter (2008)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article
J. W. Sandström’s (1874–1947) activities encompassed meteorological and oceanographic research in Sweden, as well as Norway. As shown in this biographical sketch, his scientific interests ranged over wide fields and were pursued well past his retirement from the Swedish Meteorological Office. In addition to Sandström’s well-known results with bearing on the global thermohaline circulation on which much of his present-day reputation rests, he made other highly important theoretical contributions to both oceanography and meteorology, at the same time not neglecting field research. At a very early date, Sandström, inspired by his academic benefactor Otto Pettersson, recognized the importance of the North Atlantic inflow to the Norwegian Sea for the climate of Northwestern Europe and, furthermore, attempted to investigate this process during a number of Nordic-Sea research cruises in the 1930s.
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    • Bjerknes, V. and Sandstro¨m, J. W. 1901. U¨ ber die Darstellung des Hydrographischen Beobachtungsmateriales durch Schnitte, die als Grundlage der theoretischen Diskussion der Meerescirkulationen und ihrer Ursachen dienen ko¨nnen (in German). Vetensk. o. Vitterh.-Samh. skr. 4(3:4), 1-26.
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    • Odelberg, C.-E. and Olrog, C. 1936. Ishavsodysse´: minnen och upplevelser fra˚n Golfstro¨msexpeditionen 1936 (in Swedish). Albert Bonniers fo¨rlag, Stockholm, 121 pp.
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    • Pettersson, O. 1896. Om mo¨jligheten av va¨derleks-fo¨rutsa¨gelser fo¨r la¨ngre tid (in Swedish). Lantbruksakademins handl. 35, 131- 176.
    • Pettersson, O. 1898. Om Atlantiska oceanens inflytande pa˚ va˚rt vinterklimat och om orsaken till den senaste vinterns (1897-1898) blida va¨derlek (in Swedish). Ymer 18, 165-184, 243-253.
    • Sandstro¨m, J. W. 1903. U¨ber die Anwendung von Pegelbeobachtungen zur Berechnung von Meeresstro¨mungen (in German). Svenska Hydrografisk-Biologiska Kommissionens Skr. 1, 13-26.
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    • Sandstro¨m, J. W. 1905b. On icemelting in seawater and currents raised by it. Svenska Hydrografisk-Biologiska Kommissionens Skr. 2, 1-5.
    • Sandstro¨m, J. W. 1908. Dynamische Versuche mit Meereswasser (in German). Ann. d. Hydr. u. Mar. Met. 36, 6-23.
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    • Sandstro¨m, J. W. 1918. The hydrodynamics of Canadian waters. Canad. Fish. Exp. 1914/15 IV, 241-343.
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    • Sandstro¨m, J. W. 1928. Den svenska undsa¨ttningsexpeditionen till Spetsbergen 1928 (in Swedish). Ymer 48, 321-362.
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    • Sandstro¨m, J. W. 1930c. Hilfsgro¨ssen zur Berechnung einer Luftschicht bei normaler Windverteiligung (in German). Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. 16, 235-240.
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    • Sandstro¨m, J.W. 1941a. Warm winters and cold winters in Scandinavia. KVA Ark. f. Mat., Astr. Fys. 28A(1), 1-4.
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    • Sandstro¨m, J.W. 1942. Monthly mean temperatures of the sea. KVA Ark. f. Mat. Astr. Fys. 29A(16), 1-33.
    • Sandstro¨m, J.W. 1944. The Gulf Stream and the weather. KVA Ark. f. Mat. Astr. Fys. 30A(18), 1-12.
    • Sandstro¨m, J.W. and Helland-Hansen, B. 1903. U¨ ber die Berechnung von Meeresstro¨mungen (in German). Fiskeridir. Skr. Ser. Havunders. 2(4), 1-43.
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