Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Hoyle, C. R.; Myhre, G.; Isaksen, I. S. A. (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
The effect of anthropogenic emissions from China on global burdens of ozone, sulphate, organic carbon (OC) and black carbon (BC) aerosols is examined, using the three-dimensional chemistry transport model Oslo CTM2. Two model simulations were performed, the first with global present-day emissions and the second with the anthropogenic emissions from China set to their pre-industrial levels. The global radiative forcing for these species is then calculated. Industrial emissions from China are found to account for a 4–5% increase in the global burden of OC aerosol, the change in secondary organic aerosol being slightly less than that of primary organic aerosol. A 10% increase in the global sulphate aerosol burden is calculated, and the increase in BC is 23%. The global radiative forcing of aerosols from China was calculated to be −62, −3.7, −13 and 89 mW m-2, for sulphate, secondary organic, primary organic and BC aerosols, respectively. The increase in ozone causes a forcing of 77 mW m-2.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2009.00424.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • van der A, R. J., Eskes, H. J., Boersma, K. F., van Noije, T. P. C., Van Roozendael, M. and co-authors. 2008. Trends, seasonal variability and dominant NOx source derived from a ten year record of NO2 measured from space. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres 113, D4. doi:10.1029/2007JD009021.
    • Berglen, T. F., Berntsen, T. K., Isaksen, I. S. A. and Sundet, J. K. 2004. A global model of the coupled sulfur/oxidant chemistry in the troposphere: the sulfur cycle. J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19310, doi:10.1029/2003JD003948.
    • Berntsen, T., Karlsdottir, S. and Jaffe, D. 1999. Influence of Asian emissions on the composition of air reaching the North Western United States. Geophys. Res. Lett. 26, 2171-2174.
    • Berntsen, T., Fuglestvedt, J., Myhre, G., Stordal, F. and Berglen, T. 2006. Abatement of greenhouse gases: does location matter? Clim. Change 74, 377-411, doi:10.1007/s10584-006-0433-4.
    • Bond, T. C., Streets, D. G., Yarber, K. F., Nelson, S. M., Woo, J.-H. and co-authors. 2004. A technology-based global inventory of black and organic carbon emissions from combustion. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmosphere 109, doi:10.1029/2003JD003697.
    • Bond, T. C., Habib, G. and Bergstrom, R. W. 2006. Limitations in the enhancement of visible light absorption due to mixing state. J. Geophys. Res.--Atmospheres 111, D20, doi:10.1029/2006JD007315.
    • Dentener, F., Kinne, S., Bond, T., Boucher, O., Cofala, J. and co-authors. 2006. Emissions of primary aerosol and precursor gases in the years 2000 and 1750 prescribed data-sets for AeroCom. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 4321-4344.
    • Gauss, M., Myhre, G., Isaksen, I. S. A., Grewe, V., Pitari, G. and coauthors. 2006. Radiative forcing since preindustrial times due to ozone change in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 575-599.
    • Giorgi, F., Bi, X. and Qian, Y. 2002. Direct radiative forcing and regional climatic effects of anthropogenic aerosols over East Asia: a regional coupled climate-chemistry/aerosol model study. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmosphere 107, D20, doi:10.1029/2001JD001066.
    • Granier, C., Lamarque, J. F., Mieville, A., Muller, J. F., Olivier, J. and co-authors. 2005. Poet, a database of surface emissions of ozone precursors. Available at: http://www.aero. jussieu.fr/projet/ACCENT/POET.php
    • Guenther, A., Hewitt, C. N., Erickson, D., Fall, R., Geron, C. and co-authors. 1995. A global model of natural volatile organic compound emissions. J. Geophys. Res. 100(D5), 8873-8892, doi:10.1029/94JD02950.
    • Hoyle, C. R., Berntsen, T., Myhre, G. and Isaksen, I. S. A. 2007. Secondary organic aerosol in the global aerosol - chemical transport model Oslo CTM2. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 5675-5694.
    • IPCC 2001. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 881pp.
    • IPCC 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 104pp.
    • Jacob, D., Logan, J. and Murti, P. 1999. Effect of rising Asian emissions on surface ozone in the United States. Geophys. Res. Lett. 26, 2175- 2178.
    • Jacob, D., Crawford, J., Kleb, M., Connors, V., Bendura, R. and co-authors. 2003. Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific (TRACE-P) aircraft mission: design, execution, and first results. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmosphere 108(D20), 1-19. doi:10.1029/2002JD003276.
    • Li, Q., Jacob, D., Bey, I., Palmer, P., Duncan, B. and co-authors. 2002. Transatlantic transport of pollution and its effects on surface ozone in Europe and North America. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmosphere 107(D13). doi:10.1029/2001JD001422.
    • Menon, S., Hansen, J., Nazarenko, L. and Luo, Y. 2002. Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China and India. Science 297, 2250-2253.
    • Myhre, G., Karlsdottir, S., Isaksen, I. and Stordal, F. 2000. Radiative forcing due to changes in tropospheric ozone in the period 1980 to 1996. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmosphere 105(D23), 28 935-28 942.
    • Myhre, G., Jonson, J. E., Bartnicki, J., Stordal, F. and Shine, K. P. 2002. Role of spatial and temporal variations in the computation of radiative forcing due to sulphate aerosols: a regional study. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 128, 973-989.
    • Myhre, G., Berntsen, T. K., Haywood, J. M., Sundet, J. K., Holben, B. N. and co-authors. 2003a. Modelling the solar radiative impact of aerosols from biomass burning during the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI-2000) experiment. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmosphere 108(D13), 8501. doi:10.1029/2002JD002313.
    • Myhre, G., Grini, A., Haywood, J. M., Stordal, F., Chatenet, B. and coauthors. 2003b. Modeling the radiative impact of mineral dust during the Saharan Dust Experiment (SHADE) campaign. J. Geophys. Res. 108, D18, doi:10.1029/2002jd002566.
    • Myhre, G., Bellouin, N., Berglen, T. F., Berntsen, T. K., Boucher, O. and co-authors. 2007. Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean. Tellus 59B, 115-129. doi:10.1111/j.1600- 0889.2006.00226.x.
    • Myhre, G., Berglen, T. F., Hoyle, C. R., Christopher, S. A., Coe, H. and co-authors. 2008a. Modelling of chemical and physical aerosol properties during the ADRIEX aerosol campaign. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 135, doi:10.1002/qj.350.
    • Myhre, G., Berglen, T. F., Johnsrud, M., Hoyle, C. R., Berntsen, T. K. and co-authors. 2008b. Radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect using a multi-observation approach. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 8, 12 823-12 886.
    • Myhre, G., Hoyle, C. R., Berglen, T. F., Johnson, B. T. and Haywood, J. M. 2008c. Aerosol modelling of the solar radiative impact of aerosols from biomass burning during the DABEX campaign. J. Geophys. Res. 113, D00C16, doi:10.1029/2008JD009857.
    • Ohara, T., Akimoto, H., Kurokawa, J., Horii, N., Yamaji, K. and coauthors.Hayasaka, T. 2007. An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 4419-4444.
    • Qian, Y., Leung, L., Ghan, S. and Giorgi, F. 2003. Regional climate effects of aerosols over China: modeling and observation. Tellus 55B, 914-934.
    • Rae, J. G. L., Johnson, C. E., Bellouin, N., Boucher, O., Haywood, J. M. and co-authors. 2007. Sensitivity of global sulphate aerosol production to changes in oxidant concentrations and climate. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmosphere 112, D10, doi:10.1029/2006JD007826.
    • Reddy, M. S. and Boucher, O. 2007. Climate impact of black carbon emitted from energy consumption in the world's regions. Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, doi:10.1029/2006GL028904.
    • Richter, A., Burrows, J., Nuss, H., Granier, C. and Niemeier, U. 2005. Increase in tropospheric nitrogen dioxide over China observed from space. Nature 437, 129-132, doi:10.1038/nature04092.
    • Schulz, M., Textor, C., Kinne, S., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S. and co-authors. 2006. Radiative forcing by aerosols as derived from the AeroCom present-day and pre-industrial simulations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5225-5246.
    • Stamnes, K., Tsay, S.-C., Jayaweera, K. and Wiscombe, W. 1988. Numerically stable algorithm for discrete-ordinate-method radiative transfer in multiple scattering and emitting layered media. Appl. Opt. 27, 2502-2509.
    • Stavrakou, T., Muller, J.-F., Boersma, K. F., De Smedt, I. and van der A, R. J. 2008. Assessing the distribution and growth rates of NOx emission sources by inverting a 10-year record of NO2 satellite columns. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35. doi:10.1029/2008GL033521.
    • Sudo, K. and Akimoto, H. 2007. Global source attribution of tropospheric ozone: long-range transport from various source regions. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmosphere 112, D12, doi:10.1029/2006JD007992.
    • Unger, N., Shindell, D. T., Koch, D. M. and Streets, D. G. 2008. Air pollution radiative forcing from specific emissions sectors at 2030. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmosphere 113, D2, doi:10.1029/2007JD008683.
    • van der Werf, G. R., Randerson, J. T., Giglio, L., Collatz, G. J., Kasibhatla, P. S. and co-authors, 2006. Interannual variability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 to 2004. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 3423-3441.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from