Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Malkus, Joanne Starr (2011)
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Journal: Tellus A
Languages: English
Types: Article
Recent developments in two main phases of cumulus cloud studies are discussed; first the relations between the clouds and their energy sources in the subcloud layer and second, the interaction between the clouds and their environment in the cloud layer. Under the first heading, the various originating impulses for cumulus formation are mentionéd, and how the character of this impulse affects the spacing, scale and temperature structure of the clouds. The possible origins of trade cumuli are considered. The second phase is primarily concerned with the nature of the resistive forces operating against cloud growth, how these arise and how they affect the clouds' life cycle. The resistive forces are shown to be of importance in the transports of momentum, moisture and heat by the cumuli and to serve as controls in the feeding of latent energy into the high tropical troposphere and hence into the general circulation.DOI: 10.1111/j.2153-3490.1952.tb00992.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • AUSTINJ,. M., 1948: A note on cuniulus growth in a nonsaturated environment. J. Meteor. 5 , 103-107.
    • BARRETTE, . W., and H. RIEHL, 1948: Experimental verification of entrainment of air into cumulus. J . Meteor. 5, 304-307.
    • BBNARD,H., 19ooa: Tourbillons cellulaires dans line nappe liquide I. Rev. Gen Sci. 11, 1261-1271.
    • B ~ N A R DH,., 1900b: Tourbillons cellulaires dans une nappe liquide 11. R e v . Gen. Sci. 11, 1309-1328.
    • BBNARDH,., 1901: Tourbillons cellulaires. Arin. Clrim et Phys., 23, 62.
    • BBNARDH,., and D. AVSEC,1938: Travaux recents sur les tourbillons cellulaire et les tourbillons en bandes. Applications a l'astrophysique et la meteorologic. Jour. de Physique 7. 9. 486.
    • BJERKNESJ,., 1938: Saturated-adiabatic ascent of air through a dry-adiabatically descending environment. Quart. J. Roy. Met. SOC.64, 325-330.
    • BLEEKERW, . and M. J. ANDRE1,950: Convective phenomena in the atmosphere. J . Meteor. 7, 195-209.
    • BRUNTD,. 1938: Gliding and soaring flight. Natcire 141. 712-716.
    • B.UNKERA,. F., 1952: Recognition of the presence of convective currents within a non-saturated. turbulent layer. In press as part of Symposium on Atmospheric Turbulence of the U. S. Air Force Geophys. Directorate, Canibridge, Mass. Contribution No. 572 from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
    • BUNKERA,. F., B. HAURWITZJ., S. MALKUSa,nd H . STOMMEL1,949: Vertical distribution of temperature and humidity over the Caribbean Sea. Pap. Plrys. Ocean. and Meteor., Mass. Inst. ?/ Tech. arid Woods Hole Ocenu. Itrst. 11, I , 82 pp.
    • BYERSH,. R. and R. R. BRAHAM1,948: Thunderstorm structure and circulation. J. Meteor. 5 . 71-86.
    • BYERSH,. R. and R. R. BRAHAM1,949: The Thunderstorm. Report of the Thunderstorm Project. Washington. U . s. Govt. Printing Off. 282 pp.
    • DYERS,H. R. and H. R. RODEBUSH1,948: Causes of Thunderstorms of the Florida peninsula. J. Meteor. 5 , 275-280.
    • CHRISTIANHS.,, 1935: Zur Dynamik der Cumuluswolke. Beitr. Pliys. f r . Atm. 22, 149.
    • CRESSMANG,. P.. 1946: T h e influence of the field of horizontal divergence o n convective cloudiness. J. Meteor. 3. 85-88.
    • DURST,C. S., 1932: The structure of wind over level country. Met. 08 Geophys. M e m . 6 (54-111). 57-63.
    • DURSTC.. S., 1933: Notes on the variations in the structure of winds over different surfaces. Quart J. R o y . Met. Sor. 59. 361.
    • HOUGHTONH,. G. and H. E. CRAMER1.951: A theory of entrainment in convective currents. J. Mefeor. 8, 95-102.
    • KUETTNERJ.,, 1949: Der Segelflug in Aufwindstrassen. Sclrtveircr Aero-Revue. 12, 480-482.
    • LANGWELPL. ,A., 1951a: Forced convection cell circulation in clear air. Trans. Am. Geophys. Un. 32,7-14.
    • LANGWELPL..A,, 1951b: A mechanism for convection over the ocean. As yet unpublished manuscript on file at Dept. of Meteor., N e w York Univ. To be published.
    • LANGWELPL. ,A,, 1951c: The onset of rain from cumuli. J. Meteor. 8, 354-356.
    • LEOPOLDL,. B., 1949: The interaction of trade wind and sea breeze, Hawaii. J . Meteor. 6, 312-320.
    • MAL, S., 1930: Forms of stratified clouds. Beitr. Phys. j i . Arm. 17, 4 0 - 6 8 .
    • MALKUSJ., S., 1949a: Effects of wind shear on some aspects of convection. Trans. A m . Geophys. Un. 30, 19-25.
    • - 1949b: Cumulus, thermals and wind. Soaring 13. 6-12.
    • - 1952: The slopes of cumulus clouds in relation to external windshear. Manuscript submitted to Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc.
    • - and A. F. BUNKER1,952: Observational studies of the airflow over Nantucket Island during the summer of 1950. Pap. Phys. Ocean. and Meteor., Mass. Inst. of Tech. and Woods Hole Ocean. Inst. In press.
    • - A. F. BUNKERand K. MCCASLAND1,949: Observational studies of convection. Ref. No. 49-5 I Woods Hole Ocean. Inst. 22 pp.
    • - A. F. BUNKEaRnd K. MCCASLAN1D9,51: A formation of pileus-like veil clouds over Cape Cod, Mass. Bull. A m . Met. Soc. 32, 61-66.
    • - and M. E. STERN1,951: The flow of a stable atmosphere over a heated island. Res. Rep. Dept. of Phys., Illinois Inst. of Tech., 52 pp.
    • NAMIASJ,., 1939: O n the dissipation of tall cumulus clouds. Monthly W e a . Rev. 67. 294-296.
    • RAYLEIGHLO,RD, 1916: On the convection currents in a horizontal layer of fluid when the higher temperature is on the under side. Proc. Roy. Soc. London A . 22, 529.
    • RIEHLH,., 1950: O n the role of the tropics in the general circulation. Tellus 2, 1-17.
    • - T. C. YEH,J. S. MALKUaSnd N . E. LA SEUR,1951: The northeast trade of the Pacific Ocean. Quart.J. Roy. Met. Soc. 77, 598-626.
    • SCHMIDTF,. H., 1947: Some speculations on the resistance to the motion of cumuliform tlouds. Mededelingen en Verhandelin,pw 3 I . 54 pp.
    • SCHMIDT,R. I. and 0. A. SAUNDERS1,938: O n the motion of a fluid heated from below. Proc. R o y . SOL.A 165,216.
    • SEIDENTOPF, H., 1941 : Sonnengranulation und Zellulare Konvektion. Vierteljahrexhrijt der Astron. Gesell. 76, 185-193.
    • STOMMELH,., 1947a: A summary of the theory of convection cells. Ann. N.Y. Acad. of Sci. 48. 715-726.
    • - b: Entrainment of air into a cumulus cloud. J. Meteor. 4, 91-94.
    • - 1951: Entrainment of air into a cumulus cloud 11. 1. Meteor. 8, 127-129.
    • WALKERG,. J., 1933: Cloud formation and its effect upon gliding. J . R o y . Aero. Soc. 37, 657-680.
    • WOODCOCKA,. H., 1940: Convection and soaring over the open ocean. J. Marine Res. 3, 248-~53.
    • - and J. WYMA N19,47: Convection over the sea. Ann. N. Y. Acad. of Sci. 48, 749-776.
    • WYMANJ., and collaborators, 1946: Vertical motion and exchange of heat and water between the air and sea in the region of the trades. Unpublished report on file at the Woods Hole Ocean. Inst.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from