LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Narukawa, M.; Kawamura, K.; Okada, K.; Zaizen, Y.; Makino, Y. (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects:
Aircraft observation of aerosols was conducted in February 2000, for spatial and vertical distributionsof dicarboxylic acids in the free troposphere over the western to central North Pacific. Oxalic, malonic,adipic and azelaic acids were detected in the aerosol samples as the major species. Concentrations ofthese diacids decreased exponentially with an increase in altitude. They were higher in the westernNorth Pacific (130◦E) and decrease eastward. Local flights conducted over Naha (Okinawa), Iwojimaand Saipan showed that diacid concentrations decreased from the lower to upper troposphere.In the atmosphere over Saipan, where the air is not strongly affected from polluted East Asia, diacidconcentrations were almost below the detection limit. Vertical profiles of diacids over Naha and Iwojimawould be typical over the western North Pacific during winter, suggesting that diacids weresignificantly injected to the free troposphere from East Asia. Backward air mass trajectories alsosuggested that the diacids in the free troposphere over the North Pacific are strongly affected bythe outflow from East Asia. Diacids, which were produced by both primary emission and secondaryphotochemical processes in polluted air of East Asia, could alter the physico-chemical properties ofaerosols in the free troposphere over the western North Pacific.DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0889.2003.00045.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Behnke, W., Elend, M., Kruger, U. and Zetzsch, C. 1999. The influence of NaBr/NaCl ratio on the Br−-catalyzed production of halogenated radicals. J. Atmos. Chem. 34, 87-99.
    • Corrigan, C. E. and Novakov, T. 1999. Cloud condensation nucleus activity of organic compounds: a laboratory study. Atmos. Environ. 33 2661-2668.
    • Cruz, C. N. and Pandis, S. N. 1997. A study of the ability of pure secondary organic aerosol to act as cloud condensation nuclei. Atmos. Environ. 31, 2205-2214.
    • Draxler, R. R. and Hess, G. D. 1997. Description of the HYSPLIT 4 modeling system. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ARL-224, December, 24.
    • Draxler, R. R. and Hess, G. D. 1998. An overview of the HYSPLIT 4 modeling system for trajectories, dispersion and deposition. Aust. Meteorol. Mag. 47, 295-308.
    • Edney, E. O., Driscoll, D. J., Speer, R. E., Weathers, W. S., Kleindienst, T. E., Li, W. and Smith, D. F. 2000. Impact of aerosol liquid water on secondary organic aerosol yields of irradiated toluene/propylene/NOx/(NH4)2SO4/air mixtures. Atmos. Environ. 34, 3907-3919.
    • Grosjean, D., Cauwenberghe, K. V., Schmid, J. P., Kelley, P. E. and Pitts, J. N. Jr. 1978. Identification of C3-C10 aliphatic dicarboxylic acids in airborne particulate matter. Environ. Sci. Technol. 12, 313-317.
    • Hatakeyama, S., Ohno, M., Weng, J., Takagi, H. and Akimoto, H. 1987. Mechanism for the formation of gaseous and particulate products from ozone-cycloalkene reaction in air. Environ. Sci. Technol. 21, 52-57.
    • Hegg, D. A. and Kaufman, Y. J. 1998. Measurements of the relationship between submicron aerosol number and volume concentration. J. Geophys. Res. 103, 5671-5678.
    • Jaenicke, R. 1993. Tropospheric aerosols. In Aerosol-cloudclimate interactions (ed. P. V. Hobbs). Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1-31.
    • Kalberer, M., Yu, J., Cocker, R. G., Flagan, R. C. and Seinfeld, J. H. 2000. Aerosol formation in the cyclohexeneozone system. Environ. Sci. Technol. 34, 4894-4901.
    • Kawamura, K. and Kaplan, I. R. 1987. Motor exhaust emissions as a primary source for dicarboxylic acids in Los Angeles ambient air. Environ. Sci. Techno. 21, 105-110.
    • Kawamura, K. and Ikushima, K. 1993. Seasonal changes in the distribution of dicarboxylic acids in the urban atmosphere. Environ. Sci. Technol. 27, 2227-2235.
    • Kawamura, K. and Usukura, K. 1993. Distributions of low molecular weight dicarboxylic acids in the North Pacific aerosol samples J. Oceanogr. 49, 271-283.
    • Kawamura, K., Kasukabe, H., Yasui, O., Barrie, L. A. 1995. Production of dicarboxylic acids in the Arctic atmosphere at polar sunrise. Geophy. Res. Lett. 22, 1253-1256.
    • Kawamrua, K., Sempe´re´, R., Imai, Y., Fujii, Y. and Hayashi, M. 1996. Water soluble dicarboxylic acids and related compounds in the Antarctic aerosols. J. Geophys. Res. 101, 18721-18728.
    • Kawamura, K. and Sakaguchi, F. 1999. Molecular distribution of water soluble dicarboxylic acids in marine aerosols over the Pacific Ocean including tropics. J. Geophys. Res. 104, 3501-3509.
    • Kerminen, V.-M. 2001. Relative roles of secondary sulfate and organics in atmospheric cloud condensation nuclei production. J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17,321-17,333.
    • Kerminen, V.-M., Teinila¨, K., Hillamo, R. and Ma¨kela¨, T. 1999. Size-segregated chemistry of particulate dicarboxylic acids in the Arctic atmosphere. Atmos. Environ. 33, 2089-2100.
    • Kleindienst, T. E., Smith, D. F., Li, W., Edney, E. O., Driscoll, D. J., Speer, R. E. and Weathers, W. S. 1999. Secondary organic aerosol formation from the oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons in the presence of dry submicron ammonium sulfate aerosol. Atmos. Environ. 33, 3669-3681.
    • Li, S.-M. and Winchester, J. W. 1993. Water soluble organic constituents in Arctic aerosols and snow pack. Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 45-48.
    • Li, S.-M., Banic, C. M., Leaitch, W. R., Liu, P. S. K., Isaac, G. A., Zhou, X.-L. and Lee, Y.-N. 1996. Water-soluble fractions of aerosol and their relations to number size distributions based on aircraft measurements from the North Atlantic Regional Experiment. J. Geophys. Res. 101, 29111-29121.
    • Limbeck, A. and Puxbaum, H. 2000. Dependence of in-cloud scavenging of polar organic aerosol compounds on the water solubility. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 19,857-19,867 Limbeck, A., Puxbaum, H., Otter, L. and Scholes, M. C. 2001. Semivolatile behavior of dicarboxylic acids and other polar organic species at a rural background site (Nylsvley, RSA). Atmos. Environ. 35, 1853-1862.
    • Liu, P. S. K., Leaitch, W. R., Banic, C. M., Li, S.-M., Ngo, D. and Megaw, W. J. 1996. Aerosol observations at Chebogue Point during the 1993 North Atlantic Regional Experiment: Relationships among cloud condensation nuclei, size distribution, and chemistry. J. Geophys. Res. 101, 28,971-28,990.
    • Matsumoto, K., Tanaka, H., Nagao, I. and Ishizaka, Y. 1997. Contribution of particulate sulfate and organic carbon to cloud condensation nuclei in the marine atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 655-658.
    • Matsumoto, K., Nagao, I., Tanaka, H., Miyaji, H., Iida, T. and Ikebe, Y. 1998. Seasonal characteristics of organic and inorganic species and their size distributions in atmospheric aerosols over the Northwest Pacific Ocean. Atmos. Environ. 32, 1931-1946.
    • Mochida, M., Kawabata, A., Kawamura, K., Hatsushika, H. and Yamazaki, K. 2003. Seasonal variation and origin of dicarboxylic acids in the marine atmosphere over the western North Pacific. J. Geophys. Res. (in press).
    • Narukawa, M., Kawamura, K., Takeuchi, N. and Nakajima, T. 1999. Distribution of dicarboxylic acids and carbon isotopic composition in aerosols from 1997 Indonesian forest fires. Geophys. Res. Lett. 26, 3101-3104.
    • Narukawa, M., Kawamura, K., Li, S.-M. and Bottenheim, J. W. 2002. Dicarboxylic acids in the arctic aerosols and snowpacks collected during ALERT2000. Atmos. Environ. 36, 2491-2499.
    • Norton, R. B., Roberts, J. M. and Huebert, B. J. 1983. Tropospheric oxalate. Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 517-520.
    • Novakov, T. and Penner, J. E. 1993. Large contribution of organic aerosols to cloud-condensation nuclei concentrations. Nature 365, 823-826.
    • Rivera-Carpio, C. A., Corrigan, C. E., Novakov, T., Penner, J. E., Rogers, C. R. and Chow, J. C. 1996. Derivation of contributions of sulfate and carbonaceous aerosols to cloud condensation nuclei from mass size distribution. J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,483-19,493.
    • Ruellan, S., Cachier, H., Gaudichet, A., Masclet, P. and Lacaux, J.-P. 1999. Airborne aerosols over central Africa during the experiment for regional sources and sinks of oxidants (EXPRESSO). J. Geophys. Res. 104, 30,673-30,690.
    • Satsumabayashi, H., Kurita, H., Yokouchi, Y. and Ueda, H. 1990. Photochemical formation of particulate dicarboxylic acids under long-range transport in central Japan. Atmos. Environ. 24A, 1143-1450.
    • Sempe´re´, R. and Kawamura, K. 1994. Comparative distribution of dicarboxylic acids and related polar compounds in snow, rain and aerosols from urban atmosphere. Atmos. Environ. 28, 449-459.
    • Souza, S. R., Vasconcellos, P. C. and Carvalho, L. R. F. 1999. Low molecular weight carboxylic acids in an urban atmosphere: winter measurements in Sa˜o Paulo City, Brazil. Atmos. Environ. 33, 2563-2574.
    • Talbot, R. W., Vijgen, A. S. and Harriss, R. C. 1992. Soluble species in the arctic summer troposphere: acidic gases, aerosols, and precipitation. J. Geophys. Res. 97, 16,531- 16,543.
    • Tran, N. K., Steinberg, S. M. and Johnson, B. J. 2000. Volatile aromatic hydrocarbons and dicarboxylic acids concentrations in air at an urban site in the Southwestern US. Atmos. Environ. 34, 1845-1852.
    • Yokouchi, Y. and Ambe, Y. 1986. Characterization of polar organics in air-borne particulate matter. Atmos. Environ. 20, 1727-1734.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from