Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:
fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Khalil, M.A. K.; Rasmussen, R. A. (2011)
Publisher: Tellus B
Journal: Tellus B
Languages: English
Types: Article
The lifetime of atmospheric methyl chloroform (CH3CCl3) is estimated to be about 6 (±1.5) years based on extensive measurements taken over the past seven years at remote locations of the world, ranging from inside the Arctic Circle to the South Pole. The average level of tropospheric hydroxyl radicals (OH) deduced from the lifetime of CH3CCl3 is about 8 x 105 molecules/cm3, but this value is uncertain by up to ±75 %.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.1984.tb00252.x
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Barry. R. G. and Chorley, R. J. 1978. Atmosphere, weather, and climate. Methuen & Co.. London.
    • Chameides. W. and Tan, A. 1981. A two-dimensional diagnostic model for tropospheric O H : an uncertainty analysis. J . Geophys. Res. 86.5209-5223.
    • Chang, J. E. and Kaufman, F. 1977. Upper limits of the rate constants for the reactions of CFCI, ( F - l 1). CF,C12 (F-12). and N 2 0 with O H ; estimates of corresponding lower limits to their tropospheric lifetimes. Ceophys. Res. Lett. 4 , 192-194.
    • Chang. J. S. and Penner, J. E. 1978. Analysis of global budgets of halocarbons. Atmos. Environ. 12. 1867- 1882.
    • Cox, R., R. Derwent, Eggleton. A. and Lovelock J. E. 1976). Photochemical oxidation of halocarbons in the troposphere. Atmos. Enciron. 10.305-308.
    • Crutzen. P. J . and Fishman. J. 1977. Average concentrations of O H in the troposphere and the budgets of CH,. CO. H,, and CH,CCI,. Geophvs. Res. Lett. 4 , 321-324.
    • Crutzen. P. Isaksen. 1. and McAfee. J. 1978. The impact of the chlorocarbon industry on the ozone layer. J . Geophys. Res. 83, 345-363.
    • Cunnold, D.. Alyea. F. and Prinn, R. 1978. A methodology for determining the atmospheric lifetimes of fluorocarbons. J . Geophj9.s.Res. 83. 5493-5500.
    • DeMore. W. B.. Watson. R. T.. Golden, D. M.. Hampson, R. F.. Kurylo. M.. Howard, Molina. M. J . and Ravishankara. A. R. 1982. Chemical kinetics and phorochernical data f o r use in stratospheric modeling: ei~trluationNo. 5 . NASA. JPL. Pasadena. California.
    • Jeong. K. and Kaufman. F. 1979. Rates of the reactions of 1.1.1 -trichloroethane and 1.1.2-trichloroethane with OH. Geophys. Res. Lett. 6 , 757-759.
    • Jesson. J. P. 1980. Release of industrial halocarbons and tropospheric budgets. Proceedings of the NATO Admiiced Srudi. Institute on Atmospheric ozone: its iwtiatiun and human influences. A. C . Aikin. ed.. Department of Transportation. Washington. D.C.
    • Khalil. M. A. K . 1979. The Eehariour of Armospheric trace gases. Ph.D. Dissertation. Oregon Graduate Center. Beaverton. Oregon.
    • Khalil. M . A. K. and Rasmussen. R. A. 1981a. Decline in the atmospheric accumulation rates of CCI,F ( F - l I). CCI,F, (F-12). and CH,CCI,. J . Air Pollut. ControlAssoc. 31. 1274-1275.
    • Khalil. M. A. K. and R a m u s s e n , R. A. 1981b. Methylchloroform: cycles of global emissions. Enisiron. Sci. Technol. 15. 1506-1508.
    • Khalil. M. A. K. and Rasmussen. R. A. 1984. Methylchloroform: lifetime. tropospheric hydroxyl radicals. and anthropogenic chlorine. Chemosphere 13.789-800.
    • Kurylo. M. J.. Anderson. P. C. and Klais. 0. 1979. A flash-photolysis resonance-fluorescence investigation of the reaction O H + CH,CCI, --t H,O + CH,CCI,. Geophys. Rex. Lett. 6.76Cb-762.
    • Logan. J., Prather. M., Wofsy. S . and McElroy, M. 198 I . Tropospheric chemistry: a global perspective. J . Geophys. Res. 8 6 . 7 2 10-7254.
    • Lovelock. J. E. 1977. Methyl chloroform in the troposphere a s an indicator of O H radical abundance. Naiure 267,32-33.
    • Makide. Y., and Rowland, F. S. 1981. Tropospheric concentrations of methyl-chloroform. CH,CCI,. in January 1978 and estimates of atmospheric residence times for hydrohalocarbons. Proceedings, National Academy of Sciences ( U S A ) , 78,5933-5973.
    • McConnell. J . C . and SchilT, H. I. 1978. Methyl chloroform: impact on stratospheric ozone. Science 199. 174-177.
    • NAS. 1976. National Academy o f Science. Halocarbons: effect on stratospheric ozone -Washington, D.C.).
    • NAS. 1979. National Academy of Science. Strarospheric ozone deplerioti b.v halocarbons: 'chemistry and transporr (Washington, D.C.).
    • Neely. W. B. and Plonka. J. H. 1978. Estimation of time averaged hydroxyl radical concentrations in the troposphere. E n i h n . Sci. Technol. 12. 3 17-321.
    • Parrott, L. G. 196 1 . Probability and experimental errors in science. Dover. NY, USA.
    • Prinn. R. G.. Rasmussen. R. A,. Simmonds. P. G.. Alyea. F. N.. Cunnold, D. M.. Lane. B. C.. Cardelino. C . A. and Crawford, A. J . 1983. The atmospheric lifetime experiment 5: results for C H , C C I , based on three years of data. J . Geophys. Res. 88. 8415-8426.
    • Rasmussen. R. A. and Khalil. M. A. K . 1980. Atmospheric halocarbons: measurements and analyses of selected trace gases. Proceedings. NATO Adtanced Studr Institute on Atmospheric ozone: its wriation and human influences. A. C. Aiken. ed.. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.. 209-23 1.
    • Rasmussen. R. A. and Khalil. M. A. K. 1981a. Interlaboratory comparison of fluorocarbons I I . 12. methylchloroform, and nitrous oxide measurements. Armos. Enr,iron. 15. 1559-1568.
    • Rasmussen. R. A. and Khalil. M . A. K. 1981b. Global atmospheric distribution and trend of CH,CCI,. Ceophj3s. Res. Lett. 8, 1005-1007.
    • Rasmussen, R. A. and Khalil, M. A. K. 198lc. Differences in the concentrations of atmospheric gases in and above the tropical boundary layer. PAGEOPH 119.99G-997.
    • Rasmussen, R. A. and Khalil. M. A. K. 1982. Latitudinal distributions of trace gases in and above the boundary layer. Chemosphere 11. 227-235.
    • Rasmussen. R. A.. Khalil. M. A. K. and Dalluge R. W. 1980. Halocarbons and other trace gases in the antarctic atmosphere. Antarct. J . of the U S . 15(5). 177- 179.
    • Rasmussen. R. A.. Khalil. M. A. K. and Dalluge. R. W. I98 1. Atmospheric trace gases in Antarctica. Science 211.285-287.
    • M. A. K. KHALIL AND R. A. RASMUSSEN Singh, H. B. I977a. Atmospheric halocarbons: evidence in favor of reduced hydroxyl radical concentrations in the troposphere. Geophys. Res. Lett. 4 , 101-104.
    • Singh, H . B. 1977b. Preliminary estimation of average tropospheric HO concentrations in the northern and southern hemispheres. Geophys. Res. Lett. 4 , 453- 456.
    • Singh, H. B., Salas. L. J. and Stiles, R. E. 1983. Selected man-made halogenated chemicals in the air and oceanic environment. J . Geophys. Res. 88, 3675- 3683.
    • Walker, J. C. G. 1977. EDolution of the Atmosphere, McMillan Publishers, N.Y.
    • Yung, Y., McElroy, M. B. and Wofsy, S. A. 1975. Atmospheric halocarbons: a discussion with emphasis on chloroform. Geophys. Res. Lett. 2, 397-399.
  • No related research data.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from